Meaning of working in English:

working

adjective

  • 1Having paid employment.

    ‘the size of the working population’
    • ‘Over half the women who are employed in most urban areas are working mothers.’
    • ‘A third of the working population in the Western Isles were employed by the local authority.’
    • ‘A large section of the working population already have ID as a condition of their employment.’
    • ‘Despite this, many working mothers encounter few problems and have supportive employers.’
    • ‘Moreover these old industries now employ only a tiny fraction of the working population.’
    • ‘The failure of schools to offer working mothers more flexibility, she believes, remains the major stumbling block.’
    • ‘Her stories are told without censure, and with sympathy for both children and parents, especially working mothers.’
    • ‘It is not uncommon for nursing working mothers to make a lunchtime dash for a car, plug into the cigarette lighter and pump away in the parking lot.’
    • ‘Only another working mother can fully realize what my life has become.’
    • ‘So why do we not demand more of these productivity gains back in practical support for working mothers and fathers?’
    • ‘Scotland is facing a serious future skills gap with an ageing and shrinking working population, according to a new study.’
    • ‘The 1980s and 1990s were decades of progress for western career women and working mothers.’
    • ‘That includes trying to increase the working population in Scotland.’
    • ‘This affects, directly or indirectly, more than half the working population of this country.’
    • ‘It is nearer one tenth of the population or one fifth of the working population.’
    • ‘When are we going to get something done about this pampered section of the working population?’
    • ‘Personal pensions were set up because the working population has become more mobile.’
    • ‘Where is this compassionate Government that cares for the working person and the employee?’
    • ‘Most of the working women are employed as seamstresses in the dressmaking industry.’
    • ‘They thus contributed to the further political disorientation of the working population.’
    employed, in work, in a job, waged, in gainful employment
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Engaged in manual labour.
      ‘the vote is no longer sufficient protection for the working man’
      • ‘"I guess you'd say I'm kind of a working man's lawyer."’
      • ‘Is cycling still a working man's sport?’
    2. 1.2Relating to, suitable for, or for the purpose of work.
      ‘improvements in living and working conditions’
      • ‘Therefore we shall be in a position to offer attractive wages and suitable working conditions.’
      • ‘I'm also prepared to stand up and be counted though, if I feel strongly about issues that affect my working conditions.’
      • ‘Other outstanding issues include working conditions and workplace safety.’
      • ‘Notwithstanding the difficult working conditions, a major inroad was made.’
      • ‘Another 200,000 died from hunger, disease, and inhumane working conditions.’
      • ‘Mick woke up, got washed and shaved and put his working clothes on thinking it was 7.30 am Monday morning.’
      • ‘If hired as a runner, always, always get a signed contract with your working terms and conditions.’
      • ‘It has produced unfriendly working conditions for people with families.’
      • ‘In May, workers walked off the job to protest unsafe working conditions.’
      • ‘He was a well-known advocate for better working conditions and higher pay for Cambodian workers.’
      • ‘Employees are often forced to work a seven-day week and complain of low wages and poor working conditions.’
      • ‘Full employment through shorter working hours at worker co-ops was the ideal.’
      • ‘These passes provide pensioners, many of whom have worked hard all their working lives and paid taxes, with free travel.’
      • ‘Now if you want to be totally stupid about it that could work out at almost a year in the working life of an employee.’
      • ‘Flexible working rules allow an employee to look after a child up to the age of six.’
      • ‘Although unemployment is still rising, this is only because job creation is not keeping pace with the population of working age.’
      • ‘Does an employee have a duty not to bad-mouth their employer out of working hours?’
      • ‘The Smiths have cook-ins during the weekends to make meals for the working week using fresh produce.’
      • ‘To reserve a place on the small business wirefree working seminar call 0208 232 7229.’
      • ‘The Victorian Building Workers campaign for a shorter working week was also discussed at length.’
    3. 1.3(of an animal) used in farming, hunting, or for guard duties; not kept as a pet or for show.
      ‘the Norfolk Terrier was developed as a working dog on farms’
      • ‘It was also a chance for city dwellers to take a closer look at ferrets, birds of prey and working dogs.’
      • ‘Perhaps one-third of the land under crop was taken up by oats grown to feed a farm's own working horses.’
      • ‘There is a myth that the animals get fat and lazy and that working dogs no longer work but none of that is the case.’
      • ‘So therefore there is no reason they cant be pets rather than working dogs.’
      • ‘Many graziers in the Far West of New South Wales rely on working dogs to help round up goats.’
      • ‘He said the dogs were treated as working dogs rather than as pets but were still loved by their handlers.’
      • ‘The dog, described as a white collie, is a working dog and has never been missing for this long without returning.’
      • ‘Hunt supporters from the region will be taking dozens of working dogs to protest against the ban outside Parliament.’
      • ‘In future docking will only be allowed for working dogs whose tails could otherwise become painfully damaged.’
      • ‘Ms Lloyd said cacti could injure livestock and working dogs and contaminate wool.’
      • ‘Some working dogs go to the armed forces or the police, as German Shepherds are one of the largest groups in the home.’
      • ‘Again looking back in history, the Celts were good farmers and set great store by their working dogs.’
      • ‘During the time that the baits were out, our three yard and working dogs were on the chain.’
      • ‘He was also a renowned and skilful dog trainer and was never without a good working dog.’
      • ‘The Guide Dogs for the Blind Association says it is cruel to keep the working dog locked up for eight hours each day.’
      • ‘In summary, it appears that stomach ulcers are a common finding in foals and working horses.’
      • ‘They are bred for hunting and are designed to be working dogs.’
      • ‘There is work around livestock that simply can't be done without a real working dog.’
      • ‘As a working dog, this breed is always happiest when it is given a job to do.’
      • ‘A horse could live on hay and grass alone, but eating time and bulk both had to be reduced for a working horse.’
  • 2Functioning or able to function.

    ‘the mill still has a working waterwheel’
    • ‘Judges moving among the audience keenly observed the working models and rated the best projects.’
    • ‘While the idea of creating actual working models was pretty cool, the actual execution was far from satisfying.’
    • ‘The students made use of charts and working models to explain their experiments.’
    • ‘Tony already has a working model of the pendulum in his research room.’
    • ‘At first it was powered by the River Bollin and there is still a working water wheel for visitors to see and especially to hear.’
    • ‘The highlight of this particular gallery will be the large working scale model of the Town Mill.’
    • ‘The objective of the project is to research and make a working model of a body system.’
    • ‘So, it's difficult to create a working model to handle the relief logistics ahead of time.’
    • ‘Williams says that although in many cases scientists have worked out how it happens, he wants to build a working model of the process.’
    • ‘Additional data is now being collected to set up a working model for managing traffic flow.’
    • ‘Therefore, the working model presented provides only a rough picture of what is really going on.’
    • ‘Is it like geography, hundreds of years before we can build a working model?’
    • ‘Those were the days when a patent application had to be accompanied by a working model.’
    • ‘Having said that, it will be interesting to see how a working model actually feels in use.’
    • ‘Also, at the time, his mobile was one of the few working numbers that the Australian media were able to reach when the story broke.’
    • ‘Back then, Boeing engineers used the wind tunnel model to create new and working designs.’
    • ‘Lancashire Fire and Rescue Service stresses the importance of having a working smoke alarm.’
    • ‘So all these things together, you're all of a sudden seeing a working business model.’
    • ‘What industry would benefit from a large database of known working email addresses?’
    • ‘Class Two involves the design and manufacture of a working car chassis as well as competing in numerous static events.’
    functioning, operating, going, running, active
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1(of parts of a machine) moving and causing a machine to operate.
      ‘the working parts of a digital watch’
      • ‘Listen, if you take a working part out of a machine you end up with junk!’
      • ‘Such systems have multiple working parts, each of which is essential for function.’
      • ‘The notion of using molecules as the working elements of a computer goes back several decades.’
      in motion, operating, operational, working, going, on the move, active
      View synonyms
  • 3(of a theory, definition, or title) used as the basis for work or argument and likely to be developed or improved later.

    ‘his working title for the book was Why People Are Poor’
    • ‘In conducting the search, we had to develop a working definition of each term.’
    • ‘On the basis of the results a working hypothesis has been developed which is summarized in Fig.7.’
    • ‘So we must accept a working definition at some point, and go with it, flaws and all.’
    • ‘The working title for the conversion is the Skerryvore Project.’
    • ‘Power and Stone - the working title of the book - will be published next May.’
    • ‘The maths game, which has the working title Pirate's Star, is being devised by software developers at Abertay.’
    • ‘I'm going to use that as my working definition of gumption from now on.’
    • ‘I wrote an original screenplay for a film which has the working title Personal Honour.’
    • ‘I'm definitely going to have to take some time to formulate a working theory in my own mind.’
    • ‘It has a working title and even that's more than I've managed to create in ages.’
    • ‘Take the case of accepting something as a working hypothesis or for the sake of argument.’
    • ‘Then, each interviewee was asked how the working definition compares with his or her own.’
    • ‘The working definition of insomnia is a persistent difficulty in initiating and maintaining sleep.’
    • ‘No one knows for sure, but there is a working theory currently making the rounds.’
    • ‘But here, as with other mental states, we need a working definition to clarify what we are looking for.’
    • ‘To endow it with some interest, we need to break it down into a set of working theories which we then apply to different domains of fact.’
    • ‘Now that we have a working definition of money, we can now move on to defining what the supply of it is in a given economy.’
    • ‘Can we establish a working theory to explain these exceptions, and what consequences might this have?’
    • ‘Is there a working definition that people have agreed on in order to facilitate discussion?’
    • ‘This, of course, is all debatable as well, but it at least seems like a working hypothesis.’
    temporary, provisional, interim, pro tem, short-term, working, makeshift, improvised, emergency, impromptu, rough and ready
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    1. 3.1Sufficient to work with at a basic level.
      ‘they have a working knowledge of contract law’
      • ‘A working knowledge of basic mathematical concepts is essential in modern life.’
      • ‘But a working knowledge of English is not necessary for daily life in Greenland.’
      • ‘And as a way of indicating the process by which she acquired a working knowledge of the city around her, it rings untrue.’
      • ‘Computer skills are essential, as is a working knowledge of control systems.’
      • ‘He had a working knowledge of five languages and was fluent in four.’
      • ‘It was sheer luck that, by the time he was an adult, he had a working knowledge of some of the finest food in the world.’
      • ‘He has a working knowledge of French, but for some reason does not get on well with the French boys.’
      • ‘All you need to bring with you is a working knowledge of the language in which you intend to write, a pad and a pencil.’
      • ‘Although anyone with a working knowledge of PCs can set up their own back up system relatively simply, not everyone knows how.’
      • ‘But not all of you will require a working knowledge of English grammar to get by in life.’
      • ‘He still must gain a working knowledge of a sophisticated offense before he becomes a threat.’
      • ‘Read on to gain a working knowledge of the tremendous range of mowers available today.’
      • ‘Postgraduate study and a working knowledge of the latest industry advances are key.’
      • ‘After helping him on a few houses, I gained a working knowledge of the proper use of fittings.’
      • ‘And of course a working knowledge of the properties of metals could easily lend itself to deception and fraud.’
      • ‘Women in rural areas must be able to have a basic working knowledge of what is in the Domestic Violence Act.’
      • ‘They cover terms that provide the beginnings of a viable working vocabulary for describing meter.’
      sufficient, adequate, good enough, viable
      View synonyms

noun

  • 1mass noun The action of doing work.

    ‘working with animals teaches patience’
    • ‘Maybe something to do with social work or working for an aid organisation overseas.’
    • ‘This was a direct result of working with them at the studio radio station.’
    • ‘I'm surprised this is not a more frequent event with the daily working of school buses.’
    • ‘Some believe that working two shifts will cut hourly machine costs in half.’
    • ‘She loved working with the school, she saw the students as people.’
    • ‘We need to build our links with the community through coalition work and working with other unions.’
    • ‘It was great fun to work there and I loved working as a team.’
    • ‘BNP already has mainland joint ventures for managing money and working with corporations.’
    • ‘She works in the garden there, particularly enjoying working with flowers.’
    • ‘I thought I might take the day off from work, but I think working will actually be good.’
    • ‘I decided to leave school and concentrate on playing golf and working at night.’
    • ‘In class she could barely keep her mind on her work and working at the car shop seemed to go by as quickly as molasses.’
    • ‘I still find the whole working from home thing a bit of a task.’
    • ‘He combined working as a warehouse manager in Manchester with singing on the northern club circuit where he met Windsor Davies.’
    • ‘He told those attending she had ‘aura, charisma and a precious gift of working with children’.’
    • ‘Claims of working for the fictitious water board allowed bogus callers to steal from the home of an elderly Chelmsford resident.’
    1. 1.1count noun A scheduled duty or trip performed by a locomotive, train, bus, or other vehicle.
      ‘locomotive 37418 is often seen on this working’
      • ‘Somewhere during this working someone saw it, travelled on it or photographed it.’
      • ‘The spring 1998 timetable change makes it possible to photograph this working in Cornwall in daylight’
  • 2workingsThe way in which a machine, organization, or system operates.

    ‘we will be less secretive about the workings of government’
    • ‘And being a politician helps me get good raw material about the inside workings of governments and organizations.’
    • ‘The structure of the political system and the workings of that system favour those who have economic influence.’
    • ‘And they also had to study up on DNA science and the workings of the legal system.’
    • ‘First, the synthetic systems can serve as a basis to understand the workings of natural systems, which are usually much more complicated and difficult to unravel.’
    • ‘Another potential use for the system is in providing information about the workings of buildings or machinery not visible to the naked eye.’
    • ‘They are alone with the rollercoaster of emotion even though they are still part of the workings of political machine.’
    • ‘The internal workings of the machines cannot be examined by citizens, political opponents or technology experts.’
    • ‘Hollywood suffers, as does parliamentary journalism, from a belief that people are far more interested in the inner workings and machinations of the business than they are.’
    • ‘Access to the transparent buildings reproduced a feeling of knowledge, knowledge of the inner workings of both machines and humans.’
    • ‘The media has exposed deceit and fabrication behind the workings of the government machinery and the various commissions set up to look into acts of violence.’
    • ‘As a result, there is a general suspicion about the truth of statements emerging from the machine about the workings of government policy.’
    • ‘For those who disagree with a judge's opinion, there is ample opportunity to respond within the normal workings of the judicial system.’
    • ‘Ultimately, it precludes a collective understanding of the workings of an economic system which destroys people's lives.’
    • ‘He gained a lot more insight into the workings of our legal system from his experience than I did from mine.’
    • ‘The public has had the pleasure of an unprecedented and still unfolding expose on the inner workings of a public service operating in a culture of fear.’
    • ‘Why should I have to understand the inner workings of this machine?’
    • ‘It is the heat given off by the workings of quite different machinery.’
    • ‘We need to be able to have confidence in the justice system and everyone needs to be able to have confidence in the workings of that justice system.’
    • ‘However, with the increasingly detailed knowledge of the workings of the human machine, we began to slowly develop a pattern that might just explain why.’
    • ‘My favorite quote from the book concerns the early workings of American-style democratic politics.’
    functioning, operation, running, action, performance
    mechanism, machinery, moving parts, working parts, movement, action, works
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1The record of the successive calculations made in solving a mathematical problem.
      ‘show details of workings in your answer book’
      • ‘Your responses to his work are planned long in advance, using the logic and workings of an emotional mathematician.’
      • ‘As soon as he viewed a window detailing the current workings of the sound detecting code, he realised something was awfully wrong.’
      • ‘You don't have to understand intimately all the workings of the algorithms and programs that make it happen.’
  • 3usually workingscount noun A mine or a part of a mine from which minerals are being extracted.

    ‘a modern mine on the site of old workings’
    • ‘Unbeknownst to them, the dam was constructed over five disused mine shafts, which led into the underground workings of an old mine.’
    • ‘The campsite at La Torerera, near the town of Huelva in the southwest corner of Andalucia, is on the site of old mineral workings, now partly a nature reserve.’
    • ‘He was an engineer by profession, and used to look after the engines and trucks which ran on the light railways out to the more distant parts of the opencast mine workings.’
    • ‘Explore the Lowther Hills or wander along lower-level paths, past the old lead mine workings.’
    • ‘The expected solution is a permanent diversion around the problem, which is a legacy of old mine workings.’
    • ‘The surrounding area is mostly old mine workings and is close to the River Calder.’
    • ‘On the other hand, wherever intelligence and tractability mattered, as in mine workings and coal pits, and in pulling harvesters and ploughs, horses were the favoured form of power.’
    • ‘But the same would be likely to apply to inert waste deposited at the County's exhausted minerals workings or landfill sites.’
    • ‘The ancient mine workings are mostly open-cut trenches of up to a few metres in depth.’
    • ‘Caves, tunnels and mine workings may be used to provide cover for communications centers and stations.’
    • ‘It can play a part in locating old mines by detecting voids and fractures and profiling old workings within the seam.’
    • ‘The building is surrounded on three sides by the pink-brown textured walls of old quarry workings, so that the archives are held in a granite embrace.’
    • ‘This vein trends to the northeast, and it is likely that it intersects the Greenbank vein somewhere to the north of the current mine workings.’
    • ‘Beneath the site there were some disused mine shafts leading to old coal workings which, unknown to the defendants, were connected to the plaintiff's mine.’
    • ‘The room and pillar mine workings are stable with no signs of salt movement or rock distress.’
    • ‘Just when he moved into the capacious double-cave system, among the old slate quarry workings of Castle Crag, is not certain.’
    • ‘He employed thirty to forty men in the mid-1930s and extracted ore from underground workings that were accessed by shafts and declines.’
    • ‘It was centered on the Black Iron mine workings.’
    • ‘In some instances, subsurface information from drill holes, mine workings, and geophysical surveys provide supporting factual information.’
    • ‘With the dumps gone, datolite collecting switched to the accessible underground workings of the Michigan mine.’

Pronunciation

working

/ˈwəːkɪŋ/