Meaning of xenotime in English:


Pronunciation /ˈzɛnə(ʊ)tʌɪm/


mass noun
  • A yellowish-brown mineral which occurs in some igneous rocks and consists of a phosphate of yttrium and other rare earth elements.

    Composition: native yttrium phosphate

    ‘Zircon, monazite, xenotime and white mica were extracted from the sample.’
    • ‘Other accessory minerals are apatite, zircon, monazite, huttonite and rare xenotime, uraninite and betafite.’
    • ‘Pale brown to yellow xenotime and zircon are abundant as fine crystals up to 2 mm in length in many of the miarolitic granite cavities as well as in pegmatite pockets.’
    • ‘I dutifully explained that the smoky spots were probably the result of natural irradiation caused by many tiny radioactive mineral grains, possibly monazite or xenotime.’
    • ‘Textures of kyanite, xenotime and monazite, and some staurolite and biotite, indicate that peak metamorphic mineral growth occurred after D 2 deformation.’


Mid 19th century from xeno-, apparently erroneously for Greek kenos ‘vain, empty’, + timē ‘honour’ (because it was wrongly supposed to contain a new metal).