Meaning of xiphoid process in English:

xiphoid process

Pronunciation /ˈzɪfɔɪd/


(also xiphoid cartilage)
  • The cartilaginous section at the lower end of the sternum, which is not attached to any ribs, and gradually ossifies during adult life.

    ‘This involves a 4 to 5 centimeter midline incision extending over the xiphoid process, starting from a point inferior to the level of the nipples.’
    • ‘The linea alba makes its first appearance and replaces the xiphoid process (previous section) as the anterior midline structure.’
    • ‘In inflammation limited to the duodenal bulb, this point is at the midline or just to the right of the midline (assuming normal anatomy), about halfway between the umbilicus and the xiphoid process.’
    • ‘Materials / Methods: Two circumferential measurement sites were used: the upper chest wall at the axilla, third rib and sternum and the lower chest wall at the inferior aspect of the xiphoid process.’
    • ‘This approach involves incising the skin and subcutaneous tissue overlying the sternum, sawing longitudinally through the manubrium, body, and xiphoid process of the sternum, and cutting into the pericardial sacs.’


Mid 18th century (as xiphoid cartilage): xiphoid from Greek xiphoeidēs, from xiphos ‘sword’.