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1(in ancient Greece) a long portico used by athletes for exercise.‘Xystus was the Greek architectural term for the covered portico of the gymnasium, in which the exercises took place during the winter or in rainy weather.’
2(in ancient Rome) a garden walk or terrace.‘But as in the Greek gymnasium, so in the Roman xystus, the pillared hall is indispensable in front of the garden, which has now become a highly decorated place, and well cared for.’
Latin, from Greek xustos ‘smooth’, from xuein ‘to scrape’.
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