Translation of abstract in Spanish:

abstract

abstracto, adj.

Pronunciation /æbˈstrækt/ /ˈæbˌstrækt/ /ˈabstrakt/

adjective

  • 1

    (theoretical)
    (idea/argument/theorizing) abstracto
    • Courts are not supposed to decide questions which are merely moot, theoretical, abstract or hypothetical.
    • So a culture based on abstract reasoning, or on various metaphysical precepts, may itself be simply a product of evolutionary change.
    • Not some theoretical, abstract cost, but a real cost.
    • The question of Being, far from being too abstract or theoretical an issue, will prove to be important for understanding exile.
    • We respond to dangers that our ancestors equipped us to understand, like fire and fangs and claws, more readily than we respond to threats based on abstract reasoning.
    • Modem science, no matter how theoretical, speculative and abstract, strives finally for empirical evidence to test and confirm its truth claims.
    • The reason for believing that it is a largely abstract and theoretical issue is that the Court of Appeal judgments implied strongly that that was so.
    • Those were theoretical or abstract possibilities not applying to this case.
    • While the research work is highly abstract and theoretical, it has practical applications in computer science, Goins notes.
    • Second, this shaky notion was based on a highly abstract and contentious branch of physics known as string theory.
    • For a longer piece of work, you would have the luxury to break down the symbols further and make those symbols interact in a more abstract manner, which will boost the power of the sigil.
    • There, I can discuss things from my past in an abstract manner, without directly pointing fingers.
    • But these laws and theorems are not just abstract mathematics.
    • They mean something more abstract - a philosophical schema for governing, which often amounts to a slogan to describe one's ideology.
    • Once we get a hint we are capable of making the original more abstract and less concrete, of extending a concrete and singular concept into more abstract spheres.
    • It came through concrete example and abstract argument.
    • It is grotesquely, disastrously wrong about the Labour Party, and it imposes an abstract answer on a concrete situation.
    • But equally, he claimed that he was capable of dissociating himself from his physical disorders only through abstract thought.
    • I can understand why she has that impression; many gay-marriage advocates have talked about gay marriage in these rather loose and abstract terms.
    • My political culture is empirical rather than abstract.
  • 2

    Art
    (sculpture/painting) abstracto
    • Both legs and abstract shapes contribute to an almost painterly overall compositional effect.
    • It's a beautiful work of abstract colour and texture, of contrasting dark and light.
    • Rothko stresses that the contrast between abstract and representational painting is overdrawn, that all art has subject matter.
    • Several artists claimed to be the first to paint an abstract picture, rather as early photographers had wrangled over who had invented the camera.
    • Their plainly representational knotty, bark-covered surface contrasts with the immaterial, abstract shapes of the molding.
    • They resemble cone-like wall sconces, and the colorful abstract shapes covering their surfaces appear to glow like stained glass windows.
    • In the '50s, he made heavily textured abstract paintings using crumpled mulberry paper and globs of oil paint.
    • Boxer is perhaps best known for richly textured abstract canvases, championed by critic Clement Greenberg.
    • I remember how Robert Motherwell didn't like the term abstract expressionism and preferred abstract automatism.
    • For these abstract artists, the external world is mediated by internal feelings.
    • Goodwin now works in both representational and abstract modes.
    • She is represented by two unprepossessing abstract heads rendered in polychrome clay.
    • The lower half of the artwork consists of dark splotches and torn-paper abstract effects.
    • These two shows, a few months apart, displayed the tactile and abstract effects she wrings from such small-scale marks.
    • Her use of abstract effects in the service of representation is striking and makes her art complex.
    • The layers of abstract colour in her current work recalls another German painter, Gerhard Richter.
    • Her work is abstract, using geometrical shapes subtly arranged and typically painted in soft colours.
    • His later style of the 1940s is more abstract and colour becomes the most important factor.
    • The landscape background of Elizabeth's portrait in particular is remarkably abstract, using strong colour and thick impasto.
    • This sort of abstract illusionism brings to mind certain early canvases by Bridget Riley.

noun

  • 1

    (summary)
    resumen masculine
    compendio masculine
    extracto masculine
    • Dr. De Luca has published over 100 peer-reviewed articles, over 200 abstracts, a book, and holds 12 patents.
    • In the meantime, many journals provide at their Web sites at least a limited listing of tables of contents of their most recent issues, sometimes with abstracts and occasional articles.
    • Content that we intend keeping free throughout this period includes abstracts of articles, rapid responses, and the Editor's Choice column.
    • He has published over 60 articles, book chapters and abstracts.
    • Today we are beginning to publish abstracts of speeches made at the conference.
    • Click on the ‘enlarge image’ link to access a brief explanation and a link to the abstract for that article.
    • Journal articles usually have abstracts, so you can draw on these for guidance on how to approach this task.
    • I found numerous abstracts and articles that contain good wound care as part of a general recommendation to practitioners, usually in the conclusion of the document.
    • We categorized the articles using the abstracts, and, when necessary, we asked the authors to classify their work correctly.
    • They spent many hours searching in commercial databases, looking for abstracts and full-text articles.
    • We reviewed abstracts and selected relevant articles.
    • Two independent reviewers selected the relevant abstracts and articles.
    • The present review includes a few large and several small trials published as abstracts or full articles in many journals.
    • An abstract of this article has been published.
    • Some of the non-English articles provided an English abstract, while others did not.
    • Over the intervening years, over 20 research papers have been published in peer-reviewed scientific journals or as research abstracts.
    • Furthermore, while abstracts of novel drug types were more likely to be presented at the meeting, they were no less likely than abstracts on non-novel drugs to be published.
    • The dissertation title should appear on all five abstracts, although only one should identify the author and provide a current mailing address and daytime telephone number.
    • In my view, it is first necessary to remove all abstracts, conference talks, proceedings, and other unrefereed publications from the listing.
    • Clicking on the tag's link will display a list of all the article abstracts associated with that keyword.
  • 2

    (painting)
    cuadro abstracto masculine
    • Paint-Or-Die manages to represent a wide gamut of modern painting styles: colour-field painting, abstracts, figurative and representational styles are all here.
    • Working in acrylics, inks, and soft pastels her paintings range from tender abstracts depicting human emotions to more powerful and emotive images full of eastern promise and the mystical unknown.
    • He is now experimenting with big abstracts in oils.
    • However, the customer wandered away to look at an abstract in big, bold colors.
    • He has purchased a wide range of artwork, including colorful, cartoonish prints and wild abstracts framed in austere black mouldings.
    • It was a figurative abstract of Pare Argile holding his son as a newly born baby.
    • The show consisted of figurative paintings, landscapes and abstracts.
    • It is quality stuff, ranging from huge abstracts to delicate pencil drawings.
    • Gradually, the artist transited to pure abstracts, investing the image of nature with colours.
    • She tried working in a different, much looser style and even painted abstracts, but her paintings in this new vein were coolly received and after 1962 she did not exhibit her work.
    • Some were boring portraits but the abstracts caught my gaze.
    • He was surprised when the kids were more attracted to a showcase of Smithsonian abstracts than to a display of Mickey and Minnie art.
    • The works include landscapes, still lifes, figuratives, abstracts and pastels, by approximately 75 artists.
    • The choice of painting marked a departure from the norm for Finnegan; up till then landscapes and abstracts were the only paintings in her home.
    • A good way to start is with the gallery devoted to his works on paper, which, aside from several highly covetable two-dimensional abstracts, includes dozens of sketches for major projects.
    • ‘If she were a painting she'd have to be an abstract by Picasso because she has so many faces,’ he said.
    • Equally, every painting, however realistic, is an abstract.
    • Logically, they are abstracts and yet they seem to be pictures of something concrete, something in, perhaps, a third realm which is neither our mind nor the world.
    • Ranging from classic black and white shots featuring line and form to intriguing abstracts in colour, the exhibition charts Rob's photographic journey during this period.
    • Quinn, Rolando and Campbell report that contemporary abstracts and landscapes are their biggest sellers.

transitive verb

formal
  • 1

    (separate)
    (idea) abstraer
    • But, while Elkins writes good staccato dialogue, he abstracts his characters from society.
    • These are two senses in which mathematics is an abstract subject: it abstracts the important features from a problem and it deals with objects that are not concrete and tangible.
    • The flaw in that approach, in our submission, is that it tends to dismember the definition of ‘refugee’ in Article 1A and then abstracts a particular element from its context and seeks to say that the Tribunal must deal with that element.
    • From the mathematician's point of view, the advantage in abstracting a point from its diverse incarnations lies in the resulting generality.
    • You can know when a lake will freeze or a pot will boil by abstracting the big picture from all the little details.
    • It has spawned a generation who look back upon a single act, abstracted from its consequences, as determinative of salvation.
    • Reason however in the Edinburgh Enlightenment was still prior to experience: the people are a body ‘out there’; visible, and abstracted from action.
    • This becomes abstracted from the original idea, possibly to become unrecognizable.
    • Succeeds because it's stylistically brilliant, and because it hooks the experience of being black in America into universal human experiences of rage and alienation without ever abstracting or moving away from the particulars of race.
    • The soul forms in itself likenesses of things inasmuch as, through the light of agent intellect, forms abstracted from sensible objects are made actually intelligible, so as to be received in the possible intellect.
    • It has been said, for example, that Aquinas is not really interested in the Trinity and the incarnation, that he is chiefly concerned to promote a notion of God abstracted from orthodox Christian teaching.
    • Surveys pick out contentious conclusions on divine unity and Trinity and Incarnation and other topoi, abstracted from the original warp and weft, as though the latter were mere packaging.
    • It shouldn't be abstracted from the debate about Europe's crisis.
    • By relating what Gandhi said to what he did and by examining instances of satyagraha led by others, this book abstracts from the Indian experiments those essential elements that constitute the Gandhian technique.
  • 2

    (draw off)
    (substance) extraer
    • What makes the humanities (separate from the arts) important is that they take the areas where we have insufficient data and try to abstract useful principles from it.
    • And, even though Patrick Mason's production is presented by Edinburgh's Royal Lyceum Company, I question his decision to abstract the play from its Irish setting with its echoes of the Ulysses Night-town sequence.
    • The most egregious of these is the tendency, exemplified by Norm and Omar, to abstract a situation from the mesh of geopolitical considerations in which it is embedded and reduce it to a stark moral question.
    • But I take comfort in our inability to delineate the ‘entire picture’ - at best we can abstract a stable whole from the flow of its parts, and that can never be ‘true’.
    • If one wanted to abstract a general rule from the affair it might well be ‘to make a building look effeminate, trashy and like something out of Disneyworld, be sure to add banded pink stripes’.
    • The water has not been ‘predrunk’; it is not abstracted from a river and is as good as the best water you could find anywhere, even bottled.
    • The primary student concerns with Module 6, as with Module 4 and Module 5, were the time needed to complete the module and the frustration encountered in abstracting the necessary information from some of the computer systems.
    • In retrospect this appears so, but we have to remember that he abstracted his axioms from observation of the real world.
    • This intermediate acts as a base to abstract protons from the Zn-H 2 O to produce the nucleophilic Zn-OH - species.
    • The point is this - we cannot abstract ideas from the historical epoch in which they appeared.
    • Greene was a poet, in the true sense of the word, and it is misleading and dangerous to abstract theological concepts from the work of a poet (a good poet), or from the drama of a concrete life.
    • If we abstract the technical from its social context and cultural foundations, technology appears to develop outside of society, following a trajectory of its own making.
    • Not only is the self unable to bestow form from lived life, but also the objects themselves cannot receive it until they are abstracted from their lived-life utility.
    • Thus, once mixes are abstracted from their interpersonal context and reified within a commercial context, they lose much of their meaning.
    • The County Council has contacted all group schemes abstracting from Lough Arrow in relation to their presence.
    • When devising a model, one tries to ignore as much as possible about the phenomenon under consideration, abstracting from it only those features that are essential to understanding its behaviour.
    • I knew that I needed to abstract what I wanted from the general confusion and the disorder of the scene.
    • Five of the lengthy series of lithographed modeles that Goupil aimed primarily at aspiring artists included motifs, mostly head studies, abstracted from Delaroche paintings.
    • A potential toxic bloom has been found on the lake from which drinking water supplies for much of the county, including the towns of Killarney and Tralee and surrounding countryside, are abstracted.
    • Potato producers who abstract water from Pembrokeshire's rivers and streams could have their licences revoked by new European legislation.
  • 3

    (abridge)
    (book) condensar
    (book) compendiar
    • Conversely, the same volunteer scholar (noted by his initials at the end of the record) abstracted another article more thoroughly.
    • Final data were abstracted directly from published articles or estimated from descriptive statistics presented in the articles.
    • We thank Michelle Grondin for her help in retrieving articles and abstracting data and Nancy Cleary for her administrative assistance.
    • We abstracted all prescriptions written by the doctor for the treatment of schizophrenia and diabetes between the start of the study period and the index date.
    • The microfiche are abstracted, indexed, and published in a bimonthly periodical titled Declassified Documents Catalog.
    • It is abstracted and indexed in a wide array of major social science sources (as printed inside the front cover) but these are less commonly used by the biological sciences.
    • This is the form in which the European Court abstracted the relevant part of Article 6 in paragraph of its decision.
    • Data were abstracted from each study and summarized.
    • Our article was critically reviewed and abstracted by York University at the request of the British
    • Costs were figured from a health service perspective by abstracting data from primary care case records.
    • Final data were abstracted directly from the publications or estimated from data tabulations in the articles.
    • As we abstracted data directly from original trial reports we minimised the effects of missing data and errors in transcription.
    • Summarizing (also called abstracting or generalizing) occurs when a student produces a short statement that represents presented information or abstracts a general theme.
    • Because ventilator data are not routinely abstracted into administrative data sets, community-based, longitudinal studies of changes in ALI therapy are not available.