Translation of keep in Spanish:


sustento, n.

Pronunciation /kip/ /kiːp/


  • 1

    sustento masculine
    manutención feminine
    I pay them something toward her keep contribuyo con algo para su manutención
    • They had their pay and their keep and were given a quarter of a sheep to take home to feed their families.
    • People like us who did without to own our house as a legacy for our children have our home taken off us if we have to go into care to pay for our keep.
    • Occasionally. in those days, some would be paid a wage but mostly they would work for their keep and a little pocket money.
    • If they were, then they would have been earning their keep and fending for themselves, like everyone else is supposed to do.
    • For 10 shillings a week, plus his keep, Trevor worked on the moor where Mr Middlemiss had moor rights.
    • Many men returned to work on the mills every season for many years as they got a regular wage and their keep.
    • At least this way they pay for their crimes and contribute something towards the cost of their keep.
    • That is why Greatwood is appealing for people to adopt one of the retired racehorses and contribute towards the cost of its keep.
  • 2

    (in castle, fortress)
    torre del homenaje feminine
    • Even the gateways leading into old keeps and castles don't escape the over-enthusiasm of some amateur restorers.
    • Whereas motte and bailey castles were surrounded by a wooden fence, the stone keeps could rely on outer walls made of stone (curtain walls).
    • In a few places great stone keeps were begun, best known of which is the Tower of London.
    • In stone keep castles, keeps were much higher than any other part of the castle.
    • Manors and even small keeps abound in the highlands, not tourist attractions but still noble family estates.
    • It is crowned with a stone shell keep of about 1300, which replaced a timber predecessor.
    • She had been stuck in that horrible keep for the last four years of her life.
    • The keep in stone encircled from the full water ditch that we see today was built at this time.
    • The never completed keep is a great round tower divided by a moat from the inner curtain that curves inward to avoid it.
    • This Great Hall was the social centre for the inhabitants of the inner keep.
    • Kids will love the medieval keep, with its spiral staircases, and dim lighting.
    • Its most remarkable feature is that the large keep is itself protected by further curtain walls.

transitive verb kept, kept

  • 1

    • 1.1

      (receipt/ticket) (not throw away) guardar
      (receipt/ticket) (not throw away) conservar
      (not give back) quedarse con
      (not lose) conservar
      is this old pan worth keeping? ¿vale la pena guardar este cacharro?
      • keep the change quédese (con) el cambio
      • he can't keep a job es incapaz de mantener / conservar un trabajo
      • you can keep the book puedes quedarte (con) el libro
      • keep it, I don't need it quédate con él / quédatelo, no lo necesito
      • he kept his mental faculties to the end conservó sus facultades mentales hasta el final
      • she's kept her looks se ha conservado bien
      • you can keep your lousy job! ¡se puede guardar su porquería de trabajo!
      • can you keep the number in your head? ¿puedes retener el número?
      • I had trouble keeping my balance because I had an open soda pop can in my hands so I had to go slower.
      • He is having trouble keeping his charges' attention while she bobs and weaves in the background.
      • The office has also had trouble keeping multicultural admissions officers more than two years.
      • Mr Taylor said Brown had told him it was a new year so he intended to stay out of trouble and to keep his job.
      • I have a wife and one-year old baby that I have to provide for, and right now that means keeping my third-shift convenience store job.
      • If I'd kept the house for just 3 more years it would have doubled in price.
      • If she keeps her seat at the local elections, she will be made mayor on May 17, with her husband Mike as Mayor's Consort.
      • Good time to drink, he thought, heading to the bar, and leaving Ada to keep a table by the dance floor.
      • How do some of these individuals keep their positions of employment I wonder?
      • Key to overturning Labour's landslides was to remain the party willing to allow people to keep more of their own money.
      • There will also be a wide range of high quality locally produced crafts, great to keep or to give as gifts!
      • And on the following Friday night, they kept their nerve to win a hugely-physical dogfight.
      • Allotment gardeners who won their fight to keep their rented plots may now bid to buy them outright.
      • Ultimately though, Edwards had just too much speed and he kept his composure to win the day and the season.
      • They may agree to match or better the quote in order to keep your business.
      • I check to see what the best rates are and challenge my lender to keep my business by giving me a better deal.
      • And in return the councils can keep a share of the extra revenue raised through business tax to spend in their areas.
      • Then with a patronizing tone they tell me that I can keep the change.
      • He then ordered two cheese burgers and a cola, gave me all his money, and told me to keep the change.
      • She must have loved him very much as she kept every diary and letter he wrote from 1906 until he died.
      • It seems people love to hoard them and keep them for the future.
      • She added that the 150000 that was set aside in the estimates should be kept in reserve for phase two.
      • Some messages are important and need to be kept for future reference.
      • Are you keeping a reserve of under-worked staff on roll to tap into, in the event of an upswing?
      • I hope someone is planning to keep this stuff for future historians.
      • Do you think it is appropriate to keep skeletons for future scientific work?
      • The records belong to the city and are kept in trust for future generations.
      • Regular use of bronchodilators should therefore be avoided and should be kept in reserve for breakthrough wheezing.
      • Other ‘surplus money’ was being kept aside for classroom improvements, said Mr Jackson.
      • Even so, advisers recommend taking photographs of valuable possessions and keeping receipts for as many things as possible.
      • Three crops a year are harvested to provide enough rice for the population, and the government keeps surpluses stored for times of drought.
      • Less data is being deleted and more data is being kept for longer periods of time.
      • The fact that they were twice baked and very dry meant that they could be kept for long periods and were well adapted for use by travellers.
      • This powder can be kept for long periods of time and is taken along on a journey.
      • Most tax advisers recommend keeping copies of your returns and supporting documents for at least six years.

    • 1.2(to look after, to reserve)

      to keep sth (for sb) guardar(le) algo (a algn)

      • could you keep my place for a moment?
      • they kept his job for him
      • Twenty or so acres can be useful for keeping horses or ponies and does carry a certain prestige.
      • It is an active farm which keeps sheep, goats and pigs and produces cork and honey.
      • The animal bones indicated that large quantities of sheep were kept, with some cattle and pig.
      • On the other side of the village is the Exmoor Falconry and Animal Farm, which not only keeps birds of prey and Shetland ponies but also has meerkats, a couple of kookaburras, and a llama.
      • The foundation provides homes for retired racehorses and keeps horses at farms in ten states, including Kentucky, Florida, and New York.
      • They also kept sheep, goats and cattle to add milk, butter, cheese and meat to their diet.
      • Because of the presence of the tsetse fly, large animals such as cattle and goats are not kept.
      • He also wants a proper pony track and stables for the local boys to keep their horses.
      • He said Beale was now keeping chickens and pigs, of which there had been no complaints, as well as growing strawberries.
      • To increase his income, he kept sheep and cows, did spinning and acted as a labourer when other farmers needed help.
      • Mr England decided to convert the barn when the pressures on farming forced him to give up keeping pigs at his holding two years ago.
      • Although it is true to say that keeping pigs as pets has been extremely popular, there are not as many pet pigs around at the moment according to a pig organisation.
      • He keeps pigs, cattle and sheep and does not look after the animals himself, contracting out all the mucky work.
      • The fox hunters' problem is that, because keeping a horse is a pretty expensive activity, they were always seen as some sort of financial elite.
      • But the RSPCA and other leading animal welfare groups advise people not to keep exotic pets.
      • I remember a time when every farmer kept a pig or two for their own use.
      • She has kept her horse, Callie, which is the first she has owned, at the stables since September.
      • He had to cycle seven miles each way to the land where the sheep were kept.
      • Most of his cattle, however, he keeps for milk production.
      • I know several families who keep a couple of horses each so that they can hunt during the season.

  • 2

    • 2.1(to store, to put customarily)

      where do you keep the coffee? ¿dónde guardas / tienes el café?
      • keep in a cool place conservar en lugar fresco
      • Frustratingly for the family it was the first time they had stored the bikes inside the shed after previously keeping them inside the house.
      • The other guys in your unit keep pinching your bike for odd jobs throughout the day, and you wouldn't mind keeping it stored underneath a desk.
      • A second briefcase was kept under the White House in a secret bunker in case of nuclear attack.
      • It would appear that somebody knew he kept money in his house.
      • A key safe is a secure box, opened by keying in a secret number, that is kept outside your house.
      • Spread your possessions about - keep your money and mobile phone separate.
      • National service is compulsory and all adult males are members of the Army Reserve, keeping a rifle at home.
      • Saddles were carefully kept in a spare stall and bridles were precisely suspended in the correct places.
      • She pulled and guided her horse to the barn where the saddles were kept, moving swiftly as she worked.
      • An intricately carved wooden table is kept in between the plush sofas.
      • Mr Caswell kept some furniture and clothing at the flat but did not live there.
      • Everyone else decided to lounge around the living room where the beautiful sofas were kept.
      • If the fern is planted in a pot and kept in semi shade or even in a place where it gets some more sunlight, you will soon find the plant spreading around.
      • The letters, totalling 52 pages, were found in the west of Ireland about 30 years ago and kept in a safe ever since.
      • This manuscript is on the shelf where only books by family members are kept.
      • If luck was needed, Stewart had that covered, too, courtesy of his mascot Fred - a toy skeleton that he kept in his glove bag.
      • It's usually kept on one particular shelf, but when he asked me for it, I looked, and it was gone.
      • Plants kept on the windowsill will benefit from hardening off before they are planted out.
      • The books are lovingly maintained, and kept on shelves behind a protective screen.

    • 2.2(to have available)

      I like to keep a first-aid kit in the car me gusta tener un botiquín en el coche

    • 2.3British (to stock)

      we keep several kinds of tea tenemos / vendemos varios tipos de té

  • 3

    • 3.1(to reserve for future use)

      keep some for later guarda / deja algo para después

    • 3.2(to preserve)

      • This product does not keep, and is mainly produced in the autumn and winter.
      • The nice thing about ginger is that it keeps well.
      • Pasta will keep for months in the cupboard.
      • It keeps very well if stood upright in a jug containing a little water, and refrigerated.
      • Shelf life varies from product to product, but most items will keep, if stored properly, for a minimum of one month.
      • The batter keeps in the fridge for up to a month; when you're ready to enjoy, just pour it into a tin, bake and you've got a hot muffin in about 25 minutes.
      • The mix keeps for two to three months at room temperature.

  • 4

    • 4.1(to manage)

      (stall/shop/guesthouse) tener
      • Little Nell Trent lives in the gloomy atmosphere of the old curiosity shop kept by her grandfather, whom she tends with devotion.
      • Jeremy had often told her that her father had been a merchant who kept shop near the barracks.
      • Roger, of course, would rather take care of her and keep the shop, but puts on a cheerful face.
      • Tucked in a bazaar along a grimy street, he keeps a shop about the size of a toolshed.
      • Isaura and her husband kept a grocery nearby, and they often stayed there late in the evenings.

    • 4.2(to raise)

      (pigs/chickens/bees) criar

    • 4.3(to have)

      (servants) tener
      • All the families of the O'Reilly's Club kept a player each in their home, cooked for them and looked after them well.
      • It describes a man who has done everything he possibly can to save his job and keep his family in the way that they have expected to live.
      • Mrs. Brown had been unable to keep her children and had given her two little girls away.
      • He worked hard to keep his family - like everybody else.
      • My mother had to sell me as she could not afford to keep me any longer.

  • 5

    • 5.1(to support)

      (family/household) mantener
      he keeps a mistress mantiene a una amante
      • can you keep her in the manner / style to which she is accustomed? ¿puedes darle la vida a la que está acostumbrada?

    • 5.2archaic (to protect)

      guardar dated
      • We would do anything to keep them from danger.
      • Traditional values are so perverted by slavery that Sethe is driven to murder her own daughter to keep her from slavery's horrors.
      • You gave him a good life and kept him from pain.
      • We have spent almost 16 years keeping her from harm and helping her grow and now we have to sit back and watch this person come in and abuse her.

    • 5.3(to maintain)

      she keeps a diary escribe / lleva un diario
      • I've kept a note / record of everything he tomado nota de todo

  • 6

    • 6.1(to cause to remain, to continue)

      to keep sb/sth -ing
      • keep your letters coming
      • he kept the engine running
      • try and keep him talking
      I kept dinner hot for him le mantuve la cena caliente
      • try and keep it clean/tidy trata de mantenerlo limpio/ordenado
      • keep her informed manténla al tanto
      • the noise kept me awake el ruido no me dejó dormir
      • keep him awake manténlo despierto
      • His condition became so bad he had to be kept alive on a ventilator.
      • The continuing cold weather has kept mildew levels very low.
      • The miracle of modern medicine may keep a loved one alive despite a terminal condition.
      • The beaches are always kept in a pristine condition by the many vendors who are there to look after all your needs.
      • The cemetery has been kept in excellent condition over the past number of years and it is hoped that this will be the case again this year.
      • Keeping all his constituents happy is an all but impossible task.
      • We have to do what needs to be done in order to keep our secrets safe.
      • He cannot even walk on his own and he is barely kept alive by a variety of mechanical devices.
      • But for some prisoners a good book can be the only thing keeping them sane.
      • Bella didn't know what to say to that, so she kept silent.
      • The wardens would also have had a general duty of care to keep the area clear of litter to help improve the look of the site.
      • More hybrids are expected in the near future and competition should keep prices realistic.
      • She will also need some reassurance that in future she will be kept safe and that such an event will not repeat itself.
      • Food that needs to be kept fresh can be stored in containers too, meaning less plastic wrap or foil is needed.
      • It was used in the days before refrigerators to keep food cool and store ice blocks gathered in winter.
      • For security reasons, however, the exact location of the deposits is kept secret for the time being.
      • She keeps the house clean and beautifully arranged.
      • The thick layer of leaves keeps the ground relatively wet, so Bob usually waits until June to plow the leaves under and then plant hay.
      • No longer can they depend upon their mother to feed them or protect them, or keep them warm.
      • The exact location of the cave will be kept secret to protect the art, which is in pristine condition.
      • You must be quick, and not keep me long.
      • ‘I don't want to keep you,’ she apologized. ‘Guess you'd best get outside.’
      • She smiled graciously and said, ‘I mustn't keep you’ and she was gone.

    • 6.2(to detain)

      don't let me keep you no te quiero entretener
      • what kept you? ¿por qué tardaste?
      • she was kept in hospital la dejaron ingresada
      • they kept me at the police station for hours me tuvieron horas en la comisaría
      • the teacher kept me after school la maestra me hizo quedar después de clase / me dejó castigado

  • 7

    (to adhere to)
    (promise/vow) cumplir
    she didn't keep the appointment faltó a la cita
    • ‘This is about keeping a commitment, delivering promises and being true to our convictions,’ he said.
    • However, if he also keeps the commitment to buy new helicopters from Eurocopter, this will mean that in a couple of years Bulgaria will have 36 machines.
    • It also results from engineers being conscientious people who are serious about keeping their commitments.
    • You took an oath to defend the nation, and you kept that oath overseas and under fire.
    • He represents a party that is short on policy, short on commitment, and seriously short on keeping any promises that it made during the election.
    • Pharmaceutical companies now had to keep their promises and negotiate honestly, she said.
    • She was accused of failing to keep her promise to work with the aviation industry to improve the choice of destinations.
    • Catherine always said that if she won the prize she would take her mother with her, so she has kept her promise.
    • How far am I expected to travel so you can say you kept your promise?
    • For all these years, I kept my promise and never looked into the box under our bed.
    • Four years after a South Yorkshire council was blasted for failing to work on stopping benefit fraud, it has come under fire again for not keeping its promises to improve.
    • This is the work not of months, but of years and keeping these commitments is essential to our future security.
    • We wanted to find out whether Britain and the West are keeping the pledges we made.
    • The men will not be allowed to leave the remote centre and must also keep a vow of complete silence for six months.
    • Even as she said it, she knew that she could not guarantee herself that she would keep that oath.
    • The company kept its pledge to launch the services which will allow always-on internet access of over mobile handsets by the end of the year.
    • Meanwhile, the budget at the club has been slashed and the manager left because pledges were not kept.
    • We've made foolish promises, and it wouldn't be right to overburden those future younger workers by keeping them.
    • An irregular churchgoer before September, the woman who prayed for a miracle and got one is now keeping her end of the bargain.
    • She can leave home only to get to her office job, to keep legal or health appointments.
    • Every week religious Jews observe the Sabbath, the Jewish holy day, and keep its laws and customs.
    • Such a man obeys my commands and carefully keeps my laws.
    • Our experience in Ireland is that the only thing that really works in terms of drivers keeping the law is fear.
    • Among ourselves, we keep the law but when we are operating in the jungle, we must also use the laws of the jungle.
    • Because no one keeps the whole Law, everyone who lives by the Law must be under a curse.
    • So for instance, the lyre bird is the storyteller of the bush, not only because it doesn't have a voice of its own, but because it keeps the law.
    • Paul and the Jesus of the gospels reject the belief that keeping the Jewish law is necessary for salvation.
    • Thus far we have seen only part of what he meant when he said that Christians should keep the whole law.
    • If they kept these laws they were going to be victorious and happy in their promised land.
    • They were redeemed, not because they kept the law but because they received the promise.
    • For Pharisees, holiness was achieved, in part, by rigorously keeping the law.
    • We are free and tolerant in our private lives, but in public affairs we keep the law.
    • We are not saved by keeping the law, or by doing good works, or by adhering to church doctrine.
    • According to my teachers, only Catholics who kept the commandments had a real shot at Heaven.
    • We have kept that tradition for 1,600 years and we should be proud of it, he added.
    • Smaller, lighter and faster, it keeps the tradition of luxury.
    • We can dedicate more resources to keep our traditions that might be lost otherwise.
    • The Gentiles or unbeliever is able to keep the moral law because they are made in the image of God.
    • When we think of observing the law, of keeping the commandments, it is the will that first comes to mind.
    • He thought that to be ‘good’ he had to keep the rules and respect the law of God.
  • 8

    (to observe, to celebrate)
    Religion guardar
    • They were once so numerous that the town kept the feast of St Crispin on October 25, patron saint of cobblers.
    • Not once in the New Testament are we told to keep the Sabbath.
    • Some kept all the Holy Days and some kept only Passover.

intransitive verb kept, kept

  • 1

    (to stay, to remain)
    to keep fit mantenerse en forma / en buen estado físico
    • to keep awake mantenerse despierto
    • can't you keep quiet? ¿no te puedes estar callado?
    • keep still! ¡estáte quieto! / ¡quédate quieto!
    • it's important to keep calm es importante mantener la calma
    • keep calm! ¡tranquilo!
    • he kept silent no dijo nada
    • it will keep fresh for several days se mantiene fresco unos cuantos días
  • 2

    • 2.1(to continue)

      to keep -ing seguir + ger

      • keep talking/running
      • you have to keep trying
      • we should have just kept going
      keep on this road siga por esta carretera
      • keep left/right siga por la izquierda/derecha

    • 2.2(repeatedly)

      she keeps hitting me siempre me está pegando
      • he keeps interfering está continuamente entrometiéndose
      • I keep thinking it's Tuesday today me ha dado por pensar que hoy es martes
      • I keep forgetting to bring it nunca me acuerdo / siempre me olvido de traerlo

  • 3

    • 3.1

      (food) conservarse (fresco)
      it won't keep in this heat no se va a conservar (fresco) / se va a echar a perder con este calor
      • this cake will keep for several months este pastel se conserva / se puede guardar muchos meses

    • 3.2

      (news/matter) esperar
      I have something to tell you — will it keep till later? tengo algo que decirte — ¿puede esperar a más tarde?

    • 3.3informal (to be in certain state of health)

      how are you keeping? ¿qué tal estás? informal
      • I hope she's keeping well espero que siga / esté / ande bien
      • For a man who spends so much time in the gym and out on the golf course, he contrives to keep remarkably poor health.
      • My mother did not keep very good health, so we had a charwoman who came in to do the cleaning.
      • We have all been keeping well.
      • Mother kept very unwell the greater part of the way.