transitive verb knew, known
1.1(have knowledge of, be aware of)saberto know sth about sth — saber algo de algo
to be known to + inf
- what do you know about that?
- his wife knows it
- I knew it! you've changed your mind!
- I didn't know (that) you had a brother!
- I know you're upset but …
- how was I to know that … ?
- I should have known this would happen
- I don't know that I agree/that I'll be able to come
- I don't know how to put this, but …
- I don't know what you mean
- you know what he's like
- before I knew where I was, it was ten o'clock
- it is well known that …
- it's not widely known that she also paints
- it soon became known that …
to know to + inf
- he's known to be dangerous/opposed to the idea
- I know her to be a reliable person/a liar
- we knew him for a devout man
I don't know his name/how old he is — no sé cómo se llama/cuántos años tiene
- he does know to turn off the gas, doesn't he?
- she knows not to disturb us
- without our knowing it
- do you know the words of the song? — ¿sabes la letra de la canción?
- It's good to know that the authorities are aware of the need to protect our environment.
- She said the bus companies knew that customers were very aware of green issues and clean fuel.
- Anyone who has travelled to Holland knows that they are more aware of human rights.
- Kildare went in at half time knowing that they had to retain possession for longer in order to create more meaningful chances in front of goal.
- I knew there was a Republican Presidential debate in Iowa today, and I'd intended to watch it.
- He was an astute politician, instinctively knowing how to exploit popular feelings for his own advantage.
- However, it is worth knowing what symptoms to look for.
- We bought our house knowing that it would be tight for the first four or five years.
- I had no means of knowing whether he told the truth.
- It's strange but just knowing that ‘someone’ out there cares helps, even if it's someone I've never met.
- For youngsters struggling with issues like bullying, bereavement and family breakdown, knowing who to turn to once they get to school can be a problem.
- I have trained hard in the past and I know what it takes in terms of time and energy.
- Before my current job I was in the pub industry for 15 years, so I know what I am talking about.
- Her relationship with her own parents is so close that she feels saddened when she hears other parents saying they don't want to know what their children are up to.
- Once you know how much money you will have every week you should be able to budget accordingly.
- My advice is never download any program from the internet unless you know exactly what it is.
- Governments know from experience that struggling companies typically can't be rescued with taxpayer money.
- Without that sort of information, firefighters have no way of knowing what is happening inside a building.
- Plan your night out, including your journey home, and make sure someone knows where you are and when you will be back
- I decided to go down to the company and found other people in the same situation demanding to know what was going on.
- She is now growing increasingly concerned and wants anyone who may know of his whereabouts to get in contact.
- Remember to let the kennels or cattery know of any particular feeding or other requirements for your pet.
- Let it be clear from here on in that I know absolutely nothing about how cars work.
- There are additional plot twists that you probably don't want to know about if you plan to see this movie.
- If you know of a group which deserves this recognition, make sure you nominate them.
- The troops know the truth better than anyone.
- Electronic tagging would be a method of ensuring their whereabouts is known at all times.
- They should map out a route first and stick to it so their parents know their whereabouts.
- He feels lucky his own family knows of his sexual orientation and has accepted him and his partner.
- She knew little about her siblings, as it had been years since she had seen or spoken to any of them.
- Enlargement of the thyroid gland is known to be associated with hormonal changes in women.
- Depression is known to be a major risk factor for heart disease.
- My brothers and I used to get letters and I probably still would if she knew my address here.
- The first step you should take is to simply limit the number of people who know your personal email address.
- Only one person knew my phone number and that was Alli.
- A spokesperson for the fire brigade said the cause of the fire was not yet known.
- It is believed she may still be in the Nottingham area although she is known to have friends in Cheshire and Bedfordshire.
- She is known to have had a relationship with a homeless man who was wanted by police in connection with a stolen credit card.
- Perhaps some of the faces will be familiar to our readers or maybe someone even knows the date or the year when the picture was taken.
- Chemical fertilizers were unavailable, for eighteenth-century scientists knew too little about plant physiology to devise the right chemical composition.
1.2(have practical understanding of)(French/shorthand) saber
- Today, he takes comfort in the fact that his eldest son knew personal happiness and fulfilment in the last few years of his life.
- They knew plenty of personal pain and grief, but their country was inviolable and it prospered.
- He is a man who has known much personal sorrow in his life, and yet that has not stopped him doing what he can for others.
- Melinda, a mother-of-three, knows first-hand how emotions can spiral out of control after giving birth.
- John himself was diagnosed with cancer some years ago and knows what a dreadful experience it can be.
- She knew poverty, but not the type of poverty that is experienced by some families today.
- I've known hard times and good times, but writing has always been my personal salvation and I don't think I could live without it.
- I know what it's like to be out of work; I'm grateful for having lots of work because it doesn't always happen.
- One can listen to an aria in Italian or German without knowing the language and still get the message.
- English children living in France would have to know the language - spoken and written.
- This good news comes from someone who knows her subject.
- However, there's no disputing the fact that the guy knows his subject.
- The gorilla is famous for knowing sign language, and she was able to sign to her handlers in California that she had a toothache.
- It is not possible to know a country well without knowing its language.
- If you don't know the language of the country you live in, you can't ask for what you need.
- Wentworth-Day was an eccentric character, but he certainly knew his subject.
- In addition, nearly every citizen of Greenland knows the Danish language.
- He knows the language much better than he lets on, but he is far from fluent.
- Arabic is the official language of the country and English is widely known throughout Sudan.
- Even knowing one language other than your own says so much about your attitude towards the world outside your own country.
- He knows the subject and does a very good job of communicating this knowledge.
- The author knows his subject and provides much information and analysis not easily available elsewhere.
- Neither of them knew any English although both had learned several other languages.
- There is no doubt that Hoeckner has something to say, nor is there any doubt that he knows his subject.
- This is all very interesting, but can knowing French really help me land a job?
- He's been a top club manager, he's got his coaching badges, he knows the game from top to bottom.
- Paulo's the Italian, so I let him pick because obviously he knows his wine better than I do.
- This was no ordinary place; it was an upmarket historic inn and its chef clearly knew his stuff.
1.3(have skill, ability)to know how to + inf — saber + inf
- he doesn't know how to swim
2.1(be acquainted with)(person/place) conocerto get to know sb
to get to know sth — familiarizarse con algo
- how did they get to know each other?
- I got to know him better/quite well
I know her from college/from somewhere — la conozco de la universidad/de algún sitio
- I'm still getting to know the area
- we knew her as Mrs Balfour/the little old lady next door
- we've known each other for years — hace años que nos conocemos
- how well do you know her? — ¿la conoces mucho / bien?
- I only know her by name — la conozco solo de nombre
- it's not what you know, it's who you know that is important — lo que importa no es lo que sabes sino a quién conoces
- I thought you'd forgotten — you know me better than that! — pensé que te habías olvidado — ¿pero no me conoces? / ¡sabes que sería incapaz!
- you know me/him: ever the optimist — ya me/lo conoces: siempre tan optimista
- if I know her, she won't even be up yet — conociéndola, seguro que ni siquiera se ha levantado
- do you know France at all? — ¿conoces Francia?
- Anybody familiar with Citroen's larger cars knows the comfort of its hydraulic suspension system.
- The castles and heritage trails are known and savoured by visitors from near and far.
- Andrea told me that all her girl friends know the site, which really flattered me.
- The thing is, I don't like to go to a concert and not be able to sing along to the songs I know.
- St. Louisans are partial to certain types of food known nowhere else on the planet.
- The former All Black captain knows British conditions from his time at Northampton, where he was an inspirational force.
- Chris had decided she should drive, because I didn't know the city.
- I know this great little restaurant down the road, we can walk there.
- If any of you know any good articles or books that address this problem please let me know.
- Do you know any good bars around here?
- But Mark Waites knows the New York ad scene from personal experience.
- Oliver was in a position to know the personal preferences of generations of British royals.
- As a regular cyclist I know only too well the risks I have to face each day on my way to work.
2.2(have personal experience of)he has known poverty/success — ha conocido la pobreza/el éxito
- he knows no fear — no sabe lo que es / no conoce el miedo
- you don't know what it is to be hungry — (tú) no sabes lo que es tener hambre
- he knows no fear — no sabe lo que es / no conoce el miedo
2.3literary (be restricted by)tenerher ambition knows no limits — su ambición no tiene límites
archaic (sexually)conocer archaic
- The angel tells Mary (a woman who has known no man) that she will bear a son.
3.1(recognize, identify)reconocerto know sth/sb by sth — reconocer algo/a algn por algoI'd know that voice anywhere — reconocería esa voz en cualquier parte
- would you know him? — ¿lo reconocerías?
- would you know the street? — ¿reconocerías la calle?
- she knows a good thing when she sees one — sabe lo que es bueno
- Everyone knows the name and recognises the face but not many of us have actually gone to see him.
- Yet Sven Goran Eriksson and his assistant clearly know a player when they see one.
- One man recognises a room by a small sign, another knows a street by the tram car numbers.
- You might not immediately recognise him but you definitely know the name.
- ‘I really know your face from somewhere,’ she explains.
- It was Patricia talking - I'd know her voice anywhere.
- I know that face, where have I seen her before?
- Given that many voters wouldn't have known his face until last week, he may have a tough time selling himself as Premier in time for the state election next year.
- I have travelled extensively for the past 25 years and I know a good bar when I see one. This is not a good bar!
- would you know him? — ¿lo reconocerías?
3.2(distinguish)to know sth/sb from sth/sb — distinguir algo/a algn de algo/algn
- I don't know one from the other
- Certainly, he is a man who knows his arias from his oboes.
- Anyway, we shall all know the answer in three weeks time but my vain hope would be that someone is put in charge of the agricultural portfolio who at least knows his sheep from his goats.
- I solicited advice from a doctor friend who knows his asthma from his tennis elbow, and who has studied many branches of medicine.
- John used to spend lengthy periods in India as a tour guide and knows his bhuna from his balti.
- Not knowing a pesade from a pirouette or a courbette from a capriole, I was seduced by the riders’ dashing livery of black boots, white tights, brown dress coat and gilded bicorn hat, and the ambiance of aristocratic Vienna.
- On the weight issue, and for the benefit of those that don't know their kilos from their pounds… there are 2.25 pounds to each kilo.
- With all the church news in the media these days, it's important to know your prelates from your pontiffs.
- I studied Maths for a long time. I know my rotations from my reflections.
- The online survey is quick and easy to fill out, and if you don't know your wallabies from your wombats there's a picture gallery to help you.
- But don't worry if this is your first foray into Greek cooking and you don't know your mezedes from your mezedakia.
- Whether you've read the script a thousand times, or don't know your Capulets from your Montagues this show is delightful.
- If you don't know your weeds from your plants, why not take some samples into your local garden centre for identification?
- Even if you don't know your aft from a rudder, you and your kids can learn to sail at Colonna.
- Every child should be brought up to know right from wrong and to respect their peers and elders.
4(see, experience)I've never known her (to) lose her temper — nunca la he visto perder los estribos
intransitive verb knew, known
1saberto know about sth/sbto know of sth/sbwhat happened? — nobody knows — ¿qué pasó? — no se sabe
- how do you know? — ¿cómo lo sabes?
- when will you know? — ¿cuándo lo sabrás?
- I can't accept, as he well knows — sabe muy bien que no puedo aceptar
- I ought to know! — ¡si lo sabré yo!
- I don't think so: I know so — no es que lo crea, es que lo sé / me consta
- how do you know? — ¿cómo lo sabes?