1Denoting a person, animal, or thing that performs a specified action or activity.‘farmer’‘sprinkler’
2Denoting a person or thing that has a specified attribute or form.‘foreigner’‘two-wheeler’
3Denoting a person concerned with a specified thing or subject.‘milliner’‘philosopher’
4Denoting a person belonging to a specified place or group.‘city-dweller’‘New Yorker’
Old English -ere, of Germanic origin.
Forming the comparative of adjectives (as in bigger) and adverbs (as in faster).
Old English suffix -ra (adjectival), -or (adverbial), of Germanic origin.
Forming frequentative verbs such as glimmer, patter.
Old English -erian, -rian, of Germanic origin.
Forming nouns used informally, usually by distortion of the root word.‘footer’
Probably an extended use of -er; originally Rugby School slang, later adopted at Oxford University, then extended into general use.
1Forming nouns such as sampler.
- 1.1Forming nouns such as butler, danger.
- 1.2Forming nouns such as border.
- 1.3Forming nouns such as laver.See laver
2Forming nouns equivalent to -or.
Via Old French or Anglo-Norman French (see above).
(forming nouns) denoting verbal action or a document effecting such action.‘disclaimer’‘misnomer’
From Anglo-Norman French (infinitive ending).