1(forming adjectives from nouns) having the qualities or characteristics of.‘apish’
- 1.1(forming adjectives) of nationality or religious or ethnic group.‘Swedish’
2(forming adjectives from adjectives) somewhat.
- 2.1informal (forming adjectives) denoting an approximate age or time of day.
Old English -isc, of Germanic origin; related to Old Norse -iskr, German and Dutch -isch, also to Greek -iskos (suffix forming diminutive nouns).
Forming verbs such as abolish, establish.
From French -iss- (from stems of verbs ending in -ir), from Latin -isc- (suffix forming inceptive verbs); compare with -ish.