Definition of Burma in English:


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proper noun

  • A country in Southeast Asia, on the Bay of Bengal; population 53,600,000 (estimated 2015); official language, Burmese; capital, Naypyidaw.

    Also called Myanmar
    Official name (since 1989) Union of Myanmar

Annexed by the British during the 19th century, Burma was occupied by the Japanese from 1942 to 1945 and became an independent republic in 1948. In 1962 an army coup led by Ne Win overthrew the government and established an authoritarian state. The National League for Democracy (NLD) won the election held in May 1990, but the military regime did not relinquish power, and held it until the general elections of 2015, at which the NLD won a majority. The military took power again through a coup in 2021