Definition of Capuchin in English:

Capuchin

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noun

  • 1A friar belonging to a branch of the Franciscan order that observes a strict rule drawn up in 1529.

    ‘One of the major events to take place in the month of June was the Canonisation of Padre Pio - a Capuchin monk with a huge Irish following.’
    • ‘He was ordained a priest in the Capuchin order in 1946 and was given the religious name of Lucian.’
    • ‘On Christmas Eve 1896, he entered St. Bonaventure Monastery, headquarters for the St. Joseph Province of the Capuchins in the United States.’
    • ‘He was a Capuchin, which meant a life of asceticism and poverty.’
    • ‘The drink was called cappuccino after the Capuchin order to which d' Aviano belonged.’
    • ‘The most striking gain was made by the various Franciscan Orders, among which the Capuchins grew from about 22,000 brothers in 1650 to nearly 33,000 in 1754.’
    • ‘Materials are deliberately unostentatious, in keeping with the austere spirit of the Capuchin order, which conceives the church as a welcoming open house, rather than an aloof, overpowering monument.’
    • ‘He had long ago sought out and met Father Pio de Pietraicina, the Italian Capuchin monk who suffered the stigmata of Christ's crucifixion.’
    • ‘You will also learn that it's the mission of the Capuchin monks to preserve the remains of the dead.’
    • ‘He was a member of the Capuchin Order in the Friary Kilkenny.’
    • ‘The monthly meeting of the Secular Franciscan Order will take place in the Capuchin Friary, Dublin St. on Thursday, January 29 at 7.30 pm.’
    • ‘His career started late, and followed twelve years, 1598-1610, as a Capuchin monk at S. Barnaba, Genoa.’
    • ‘So I decided to do something constructive,’ said the Capuchin priest, who celebrates 40 years in the order this year.’
    • ‘The Italian clergy, especially the Capuchins, were another barrier to French influence in Tunisia.’
    • ‘Born in Tipperary, educated at Maynooth, he joined the Capuchins in Dublin.’
    • ‘Even the Capuchin priests began protesting about the disorderly soldiers.’
    • ‘Being a humble Capuchin priest, he suffered until his death, but helped and cured many people.’
    • ‘In the catacombs of the Capuchin crypt beneath Chiesa di Santa Maria della Concezione, Rome, the bones of 4000 monks are arranged in Baroque patterns on the ceilings.’
    • ‘The annual Franciscan Retreat will take place on Monday 24th May in the Capuchin Friary at 7.30 pm.’
    • ‘He then found job as a gardener in a Capuchin monastery, a job he held for the rest of his life.’
  • 2

    (also capuchin)
    A cloak and hood formerly worn by women.

    ‘Regency wraps have many strange and wonderful names but are basically capes (shawls, mantles, pelerines, capes, cloaks, capuchins).’
    • ‘Mantua-makers also made all sorts of loose garments, cloaks, cardinals, capuchins, etc.’
    • ‘Ladies formerly wore cloaks as their chief over-coats; they were used with some changes of form under the successive names of roquelaus, capuchins, and cardinals.’
  • 3

    (also capuchin, capuchin monkey)
    A South American monkey with a cap of hair on the head which has the appearance of a cowl.

    Genus Cebus, family Cebidae: four species, including the brown capuchin (C. apella)

    ‘I have spent many hours here photographing the cock-of-the-rock, the brown capuchin monkey (far right) and many insects, including long-legged flies.’
    • ‘The brown capuchin monkey, a seed predator, can recognize which fruits are about to open on a Cariniana micrantha tree, above.’
    • ‘Again, the capuchin monkey cannot be unequivocally assigned to either the typical anthropoid or nonprimate pattern.’
    • ‘And our next animal up for display is the white-faced capuchin monkey.’
    • ‘My field work has involved observations of the dietary behavior of various species of howler monkeys, spider monkeys, capuchins and tamarins as well as woolly spider monkeys.’
    • ‘A quick Internet search reveals a thriving trade in just about every species of primate, from capuchins to chimpanzees.’
    • ‘His favorite species for this work are chimpanzees, bonobos, and capuchin monkeys.’
    • ‘Numerous primates, including chimps, baboons, black lemurs and capuchins, dip into the jungle pharmacy to combat parasites.’
    • ‘In recent years, researchers have identified an array of unique behaviors found among distinct groups of primate species, including chimpanzees, orang-utans, and capuchin monkeys, and associated them with culture.’
    • ‘We used the owl monkey, the tufted capuchin, and the spider monkey (A. belzebuth) as representatives of subfamilies of Aotinae, Cebinae, and Atelinae, respectively.’
    • ‘Individuals were drawn from two large, well-established social groups of captive brown capuchins from colonies at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center and paired with a partner.’
    • ‘In a recent experiment with pairs of captive capuchins, Brosnan handed a familiar token (a small rock) to one of the monkeys, then turned her own hand palm up.’
    • ‘Our small ships can drop you off on a pristine beach in Costa Rica, with no footprints in sight, where you'll seek out white-faced capuchins in the jungle.’
    • ‘Among the primate species are red howler and wedge-capped capuchin.’
    • ‘Scientists believe the monkeys rub the bugs on their fur to ward off mosquitoes, a behavior documented in capuchin monkeys but never in the nocturnal owl monkeys.’
    • ‘Female capuchin monkeys refused a treat offered for good work if other monkeys received better treats.’
    • ‘They trained capuchin monkeys, which are native to the forests of South America, to exchange a token for food.’
    • ‘What we've shown is that capuchin monkeys look remarkably like us; making rational decisions in many of the same settings that humans get right, but also make many of the same mistakes we make.’
    • ‘The researchers said capuchins are well-suited subjects for study since they are relatively large-brained primates, skilled problem solvers, and a close evolutionary neighbor to humans.’
    • ‘The main point of the Chen and Santos experiments is to show that capuchins can learn to engage in a wider variety of behaviors that look like human economic transactions.’
  • 4

    (also capuchin)
    A pigeon of a breed with head and neck feathers resembling a cowl.

    ‘Groups of male capuchin birds attract females with sounds like the whine of some outer-space cicada insect crossed with a sick cow: ‘mmmmmmmm-WOW!’’
    • ‘In our wide territory, different kinds of ducks can be found such as: golden-coloured ducks, red shoveler, pintails, capuchin pigeon, and whistling ducks.’
    • ‘There is also a capuchin pigeon with a feathery topknot.’
    • ‘For bird species we can cite the red and blue macaw, the brown-throated parakeet, the king vulture, the white bellbird, the hummingbird, and capuchin bird.’

Pronunciation

Capuchin

/ˈkap(y)ə(t)SHən/ /ˈkæp(j)ə(t)ʃən/ /kəˈpo͞o(t)SHən/ /kəˈpu(t)ʃən/

Origin

Late 16th century from obsolete French, earlier form of capucin, from Italian cappuccino, from cappuccio ‘hood, cowl’, from cappa (see cape), the friars being so named because of their sharp-pointed hoods.