Relating to or denoting the most recent era, following the Mesozoic era and comprising the Tertiary and Quaternary periods.
The Cenozoic has lasted from about 65 million years ago to the present day. It has seen the rapid evolution and rise to dominance of mammals, birds, and flowering plants‘they were the dominant predators in South America during the Cenozoic age’
- ‘The late Jurassic, Cretaceous and Cenozoic sedimentary record from northern Chile is dominated entirely by sediments deposited under an arid to semiarid climate.’
- ‘Most deposits are of Mesozoic or Cenozoic age, but some Palaeozoic examples are known, such as those in the Appalachian orogen of Canada and the United States.’
- ‘Changes in Mesozoic and Cenozoic thicknesses and facies across the northsouth faults indicate their pre-collisional origins.’
- ‘Thus uplift and exhumation of metamorphic basement rocks and ductile thrust fabrics in Karlik Tagh are a combination of Mesozoic and Cenozoic thrusting and erosion.’
- ‘Such giant cephalopods play or played a similar ecological role of top predator to that of Devonian arthrodire placoderms, Mesozoic pliosaurs and Cenozoic toothed whales.’
the CenozoicThe most recent geological era, or the system of rocks deposited during it.
The Cenozoic has lasted from about 65 million years ago to the present day. It has seen the rapid evolution and rise to dominance of mammals, birds, and flowering plants
- ‘during most of the Cenozoic, South America was an island continent’
Mid 19th century from Greek kainos ‘new’ + zōion ‘animal’+ -ic.