1The name of four kings of Great Britain and Ireland, one of Great Britain and Ireland (from 1920 of the United Kingdom), and one of the United Kingdom.
- 1.1George I (1660–1727), great-grandson of James I; reigned 1714–27; elector of Hanover 1698–1727. The first British sovereign of the house of Hanover, he was unpopular in England because of his German manners and his inability to speak English.
- 1.2George II (1683–1760), son of George I; reigned 1727–60; elector of Hanover 1727–60. He took an active part in the War of the Austrian Succession 1740–48.
- 1.3George III (1738–1820), grandson of George II; reigned 1760–1820; elector of Hanover 1760–1815; king of Hanover 1815–20. He reigned during the time of the American Revolution and the War of 1812. His political influence declined from 1788 after bouts of mental illness.
- 1.4George IV (1762–1830), son of George III; reigned 1820–30. Known as a patron of the arts and bon viveur, he had a bad reputation that was further damaged by his attempt to divorce his estranged wife Caroline of Brunswick just after coming to the throne.
- 1.5George V (1865–1936), son of Edward VII; reigned 1910–36. He exercised restrained but important influence over British politics and played a significant role in the formation of the government in 1931. During World War I he changed the name of the royal house to Windsor.
- 1.6George VI (1894–1952), son of George V; reigned 1936–52. He came to the throne when his older brother Edward VIII abdicated.
Are You Learning English? Here Are Our Top English Tips