Definition of Manichaeism in English:



(also Manicheism)
  • 1A dualistic religious system with Christian, Gnostic, and pagan elements, founded in Persia in the 3rd century by Manes (c.216–c.276). The system was based on a supposed primeval conflict between light and darkness. It spread widely in the Roman Empire and in Asia, and survived in eastern Turkestan (Xinjiang) until the 13th century.

    ‘The kings converted to Manichaeism, the ‘religion of light’, imported by refugees from the Middle East.’
    • ‘Gnosticism eventually declined and was replaced by Manichaeism, founded by Mani.’
    • ‘After abandoning Manicheism he turned to Neoplatism to elucidate his metaphysical thoughts about God.’
    • ‘Although it is often portrayed as a Christian heresy, Manicheism was in fact an independent religion.’
    • ‘For instance, unlike Christianity or Manichaeism, there is no historical founder in Mandaean tradition.’
    1. 1.1Religious or philosophical dualism.
      ‘Central to its argument is the idea that the novel offers a critique of essentialism and Manicheism.’
      • ‘The possibility of attaining paradise lies, instead, in the deconstruction of Manicheism by means of the integration of opposites.’
      • ‘For gone is the implied but relatively crude Manichaeism of the earlier books.’
      • ‘With spiritual overtones, and an emphasis on an eternal struggle between equally matched forces of darkness and light, the films suggest a kind of pop-culture Manichaeism.’



/ˌmanəˈkēizəm/ /ˌmænəˈkiɪzəm/


Early 17th century from late Latin Manichaeus (from the name Manes) + -ism.