A country in South Asia; population 188,900,000 (estimated 2015); capital, Islamabad; languages, Urdu (official), English (official), Punjabi, Sindhi, and Pashto.
Pakistan was created as a separate country in 1947, following Britain's withdrawal from India. It originally included two territories—one to the east and one to the west of India—in which the population was predominantly Muslim. Civil war in East Pakistan led to the establishment of the independent state of Bangladesh in 1972. Pakistan withdrew from the Commonwealth of Nations in 1972, but rejoined in 1989; it was suspended 1999–2004 following a military coup
From Punjab, Afghan Frontier, Kashmir, Baluchistan, lands where Muslims predominated.