Definition of Spain in English:


Pronunciation /spān/ /speɪn/

Translate Spain into Spanish

proper noun

  • A country in southwestern Europe, occupying the greater part of the Iberian peninsula; population 46,100,000 (estimated 2015); languages, Spanish (official), Catalan; capital, Madrid.

    Spanish name España

Spain was dominated by the Moors between 711 and 718 until the rise of independent Christian kingdoms, notably Aragon and Castile, in the medieval period; the last Moorish stronghold, Granada, was won back in the late 15th century. Under the Habsburg kings of the 16th century, Spain became the dominant European power, building up a huge empire in America and elsewhere; most of this was lost in the early 19th century. The Spanish Civil War (1936–39) was followed by the establishment of a Fascist dictatorship under General Franco; after his death in 1975 a constitutional monarchy was re-established. Spain became a member of the EC (now the EU) in 1986