Main definitions of -er in English

: -er1-er2-er3-er4-er5-er6

-er1

suffix

  • 1Denoting a person, animal, or thing that performs a specified action or activity.

    ‘farmer’
    • ‘sprinkler’
  • 2Denoting a person or thing that has a specified attribute or form.

    ‘foreigner’
    • ‘two-wheeler’
  • 3Denoting a person concerned with a specified thing or subject.

    ‘milliner’
    • ‘philosopher’
  • 4Denoting a person belonging to a specified place or group.

    ‘city-dweller’
    • ‘New Yorker’

Pronunciation

-er

/ər/

Origin

Old English -ere, of Germanic origin.

Main definitions of -er in English

: -er1-er2-er3-er4-er5-er6

-er2

suffix

  • Forming the comparative of adjectives (as in bigger) and adverbs (as in faster).

Pronunciation

-er

/ər/

Origin

Old English suffix -ra (adjectival), -or (adverbial), of Germanic origin.

Main definitions of -er in English

: -er1-er2-er3-er4-er5-er6

-er3

suffix

  • Forming frequentative verbs such as glimmer, patter.

Pronunciation

-er

/ər/

Origin

Old English -erian, -rian, of Germanic origin.

Main definitions of -er in English

: -er1-er2-er3-er4-er5-er6

-er4

suffix

  • Forming nouns used informally, usually by distortion of the root word.

    • ‘footer’

Pronunciation

-er

/ər/

Origin

Probably an extended use of -er; originally Rugby School slang, later adopted at Oxford University, then extended into general use.

Main definitions of -er in English

: -er1-er2-er3-er4-er5-er6

-er5

suffix

  • 1Forming nouns such as sampler.

    Compare with -ar

    Origin

    Ending corresponding to Latin -aris.

    1. 1.1Forming nouns such as butler, danger.
    2. 1.2Forming nouns such as border.
    3. 1.3Forming nouns such as laver.
      See laver
  • 2Forming nouns equivalent to -or.

    See -or

Pronunciation

-er

/ər/

Origin

Via Old French or Anglo-Norman French (see above).

Main definitions of -er in English

: -er1-er2-er3-er4-er5-er6

-er6

suffix

Law
  • (forming nouns) denoting verbal action or a document effecting such action.

    ‘disclaimer’
    • ‘misnomer’

Pronunciation

-er

/ər/

Origin

From Anglo-Norman French (infinitive ending).