Definition of Abbasid in English:


Pronunciation /ˈabəsid/ /ˈæbəsɪd/ /əˈbasid/ /əˈbæsɪd/


  • Relating to a dynasty of caliphs who ruled in Baghdad from 750 to 1258.

    ‘Al-Musta'sim, the last Abbasid caliph in Baghdad, proved no match for Hulegu's Mongol forces when they attacked Baghdad.’
    • ‘This also brought the Ayyubids closer to the Abbasid caliphs in Baghdad.’
    • ‘Harun al-Rashid became the fifth Caliph of the Abbasid dynasty on 14 September 786.’
    • ‘This period begins under the Caliph Harun al-Rashid, the fifth Caliph of the Abbasid dynasty, whose reign began in 786.’
    • ‘In Baghdad the Abbasid dynasty is established.’
    • ‘In 1055 they entered Baghdad on the invitation of the Abbasid caliph.’
    • ‘When al-Musta'sim, the Abbasid caliph, opposed her reign, the sultana abdicated and married Aybek.’
    • ‘Their value as gifts was established as early as 802 when the Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid sent an elephant to Charlemagne.’
    • ‘Najaf's founding as a city dates back to 791, when the Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid supposedly passed through during a hunt.’
    • ‘The Abbasid caliphs decided to adopt a more deliberate approach to the cultural and intellectual growth of the empire.’
    • ‘In the 8th and 9th centuries, under the Abbasid caliphs, Islamic civilization entered a golden age.’
    • ‘Under the Abbasid caliphs who made it their capital in AD 762, it was a walled centre of culture and learning.’
    • ‘In 762 AD the new rulers, called the Abbasid caliphs, founded a new capital city on the river Tigris.’
    • ‘The Abbasid dynasty, centered in Iraq, followed.’
    • ‘Baghdad lies near the site of Babylon and was founded by the Arab Abbasid dynasty in the eighth century AD.’
    • ‘The revolution that brought the Abbasid family to power prompted a period of medieval prosperity for Iraq.’
    • ‘During the Abbasid period, when Islam's foundations were developed, leading scholars and thinkers were exclusively male.’
    • ‘He also elaborated on the large number of legal verdicts and judgements pronounced during the Abbasid period.’
    • ‘Nor was the political dynamism of the Abbasid empire's smaller successor states by any means exhausted.’
    • ‘During the latter Abbasid and Ottoman periods, the itjihad was suppressed.’


  • A member of the Abbasid dynasty.

    ‘The Damascus-based Umayyads were overthrown by a revolution that brought the new dynasty of the Abbasids to power.’
    • ‘Then power struggle ensued between the Umayyads and Abbasids.’
    • ‘Two principal dynasties, the Umayyads and Abbasids, dominated the caliphate until 1258.’
    • ‘The corrupt Umayyad kingdom was overthrown by the Abbasids around 750 CE.’
    • ‘Early Umayyad caliphs and some of the Abbasids who supplanted them employed the title khalifat Allah.’
    • ‘In 750 the Umayyad caliphate in Damascus was overthrown by the Abbasids.’
    • ‘Less than half the land which had been cultivated in that province under the Abbasids could still be farmed in 1300.’
    • ‘Its political unity had been disrupted soon after the victory of the Abbasids.’
    • ‘They repositioned themselves in the courts and cities of the Abbasids by distancing themselves from Islam.’
    • ‘They soon succeeded in taking over not only Egypt but much of North Africa from the Abbasids.’
    • ‘They have come and gone in the city's history, Abbasids and Ummayads and Mongols and Turks and British and now the Americans.’
    • ‘Although the Islamic Empire was reconstructed, the scientific temper of the Abbasids could never be restored to the Arabs.’
    • ‘In the same century as when the Abbasids were overthrown, the Muslim kingdoms in Spain were being destroyed one after another.’
    • ‘Under the Abbasids, the Islamic empire enjoyed a brilliant golden age in arts and sciences.’
    • ‘The Abbasids set themselves up at Baghdad, but rivals arose elsewhere and Islam fragmented politically.’
    • ‘In the days of Umayyads, their capital was Damascus and in the days of Abbasids, their permanent seat was in Baghdad.’
    • ‘It was a systematic effort, initiated by the Umayyids, but specially developed under the Abbasids, who built Baghdad.’
    • ‘Under the Abbasids, Baghdad became the capital and the center of political power and culture in the Middle East.’
    • ‘The Shiite Muslims subsequently established the Abbasid as the caliph.’


Named after al-Abbas (566–652), the prophet Muhammad's uncle: the dynasty was founded by his descendants.