Definition of Abnaki in English:

Abnaki

(also Abenaki)

Pronunciation /abˈnakē/ /äbˈnä-/ /æbˈnæki/

nounAbnaki, Abnakis

  • 1A member of an Algonquian people living chiefly in Maine and Quebec.

    ‘In the east, the French supported the Abenakis, who fought against New England to preserve their land.’
    • ‘Seen from the perspective of an observer troubled by the exploitation of the Abenakis and their land claims, one might easily and accurately describe this war as the result of unfair acquisitions by British settlers.’
    • ‘Very likely the Abenakis paddled along the Merrimac River for a stretch of the expedition.’
    • ‘The Abenakis and their colleagues were not quite as deferential to the governor as he had hoped.’
    • ‘In the end it seemed that the death of Rale and the fatigue of the Abenakis led to the war's end.’
    • ‘On Harry Jones's land near Vale Perkins there's an ‘Indian rock,’ I read, where the Abenaki scratched the story of a raid on Fort Bridgeman in 1755.’
  • 2Either or both of two Algonquian languages, Eastern Abnaki and Western Abnaki, now nearly extinct.

    ‘The Penobscot dialect of Eastern Abnaki is extinct.’
    • ‘Penobscot (Eastern Abnaki, Penawahpskewi, Penobscott) Language: Abnaki is an Algonquian language spoken today by only a few elders in Canada.’
    • ‘They are part of the Algonquian language family that, in Quebec, includes the Montagnais-Naskapi, Micmac, Malecite, and Abenaki.’

adjective

  • Relating to the Abnaki or their language.

    ‘The name Eskimo was given to these people by neighboring Abnaki Indians and means ‘eaters of raw flesh.’’
    • ‘Being of Abnaki background himself, Perkins wanted to immerse himself in the forest lore.’
    • ‘Alanis Obomsawin was born on Abenaki territory in Lebanon, New Hampshire on August 31, 1932.’
    • ‘Whoever attacks him, attacks all the Abnaki tribe.’
    • ‘Each paddle stroke inches you further upstream towards the Abenaki encampment that should lie perhaps a league ahead.’

Origin

From French Abénaqui, from Montagnais ouabanăkionek ‘people of the eastern land’.