Definition of acetonitrile in English:



  • A toxic odoriferous liquid, used as a solvent in high-performance liquid chromatography.

    Alternative name: methyl cyanide; chemical formula: CH₃CN

    ‘We have also carried out measurements with mixtures of water and acetonitrile, a solvent that is a hydrogen bond acceptor.’
    • ‘The organic solvents used in the present study were n-butanol, acetonitrile, methanol, n-propanol, isopropanol, and isobutanol.’
    • ‘The mycotoxin then can be eluted from the column by washing with an organic solvent such as methanol or acetonitrile.’
    • ‘Parallel experiments were performed in acetonitrile and phosphate-buffered saline aqueous solutions under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions.’
    • ‘The same photoproducts were obtained when the irradiation was performed in aerated acetonitrile, although the extent of photodegradation was even lower in this solvent.’



/ˌasidōˈnītril/ /ˌæsɪdoʊˈnaɪtrɪl/ /ˌasidōˈnītrēl/ /ˌæsɪdoʊˈnaɪtril/ /əˌsēdōˈnītril/ /əˌsidoʊˈnaɪtrɪl/ /əˌsēdōˈnītrēl/ /əˌsidoʊˈnaɪtril/