Definition of adenosine in English:

adenosine

noun

mass nounBiochemistry
  • A compound consisting of adenine combined with ribose, present in all living tissue in combined form as nucleotides.

    • ‘The nucleotide elements of DNA are adenosine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine, abbreviated A, G, C, and T, respectively.’
    • ‘For instance, the adenine nucleotide, adenosine, can theoretically be produced entirely abiotically.’
    • ‘This is the enzyme responsible for converting adenosine to inosine in the catabolism of the purines.’
    • ‘The salvage pathways combine adenine with a pentose to alter the adenosine nucleotide pool inventory.’
    • ‘Adenosine deaminase is an aminohydrolase that converts adenosine to inosine and is thus involved in the catabolism of purine bases.’

Origin

Early 20th century blend of adenine and ribose.

Pronunciation

adenosine

/əˈdɛnə(ʊ)siːn/