The cause, set of causes, or manner of causation of a disease or condition.‘the importance of sunlight in the aetiology of melanoma’count noun ‘a group of distinct diseases with different aetiologies’
- ‘Lung transplantation represents the last therapeutic option for advanced lung disease of many etiologies.’
- ‘The authors note that acute MIs in their two study groups probably have different etiologies.’
- ‘A variety of etiologies accounted for the condition.’
- ‘The differential diagnosis and underlying etiologies are listed in Table 1.’
- ‘Respiratory distress immediately after birth is common and has various aetiologies.’
- 1.1The causation of diseases and disorders as a subject of investigation.
- ‘Our conclusions may be helpful in the further investigation of etiology, diagnosis, and therapy for MCS.’
- ‘This article reviews the epidemiology, etiology, and diagnosis of seizure disorders in the elderly.’
- ‘Research in disease aetiology has shifted towards investigating genetic causes, powered by the human genome project.’
- ‘The etiology of most anxiety disorders, although not fully understood, has come into sharper focus in the last decade.’
- ‘The study is a prospective cohort study designed to investigate the aetiology of major chronic diseases.’
- ‘The etiology of these lesions has been under investigation for decades.’
2The investigation or attribution of the cause or reason for something, often expressed in terms of historical or mythical explanation.
- ‘Their etiology and teleology are explicable within a moral and historical paradigm.’
- ‘No single ‘explanation’, no minimalist aetiology, can catch the richness and multivalence of the event.’
- ‘Aristotle displays some hesitation in his discussion of desire and its relation to practical reason in the aetiology of animal action.’
- ‘There are several explanations for the etiology of pressure damage.’
- ‘As to the etiology of this state of spiritual decline, many historical factors can be held responsible.’
Mid 16th century via medieval Latin from Greek aitiologia, from aitia ‘a cause’ + -logia (see -logy).