Definition of affirmative in English:

affirmative

Pronunciation /əˈfərmədiv/ /əˈfərmədɪv/

See synonyms for affirmative

Translate affirmative into Spanish

adjective

  • 1Agreeing with or consenting to a statement or request.

    • ‘an affirmative answer’
    1. 1.1(of a vote) expressing approval or agreement.
      positive, assenting, consenting, agreeing, concurring, corroborative, favourable, approving, encouraging, supportive, in the affirmative
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2North American Active and explicit or unequivocal.
      ‘they have an affirmative duty to stop crime in their buildings’
      • ‘The paper collects a huge database of cases involving claims of an affirmative duty to disclose and examines the various variables that have been argued by theorists that explain these cases.’
      • ‘And there is a substantial doubt whether the agency was taking the kind of affirmative measures to conceal her identity that the act talks about.’
      • ‘True to his progressive values, he argued that government had an affirmative duty to seek out new approaches to the problems that confront society.’
      • ‘Well, they weren't taking affirmative measures to protect that identity.’
      • ‘That could argue that the agency wasn't taking affirmative measures to conceal her identity.’
      • ‘International law imposes an affirmative duty on military commanders to take appropriate measures within their power to control troops under their command for the prevention of such atrocities.’
      • ‘The University not only has the right, but has the affirmative duty to ensure the academic integrity of the degrees it grants, and requiring that qualified people are on doctoral defense committees is part of that duty.’
      • ‘It also imposes an affirmative duty on employers to take ‘all reasonable steps necessary to prevent discrimination and harassment from occurring.’’
      • ‘News Directors have an affirmative duty to uphold these standards and help others in their station to understand and appreciate their enduring value.’
      • ‘Until we arrive at that state, we must continue to right the wrongs of the past, and to keep open the doors of academic opportunity through affirmative measures.’
      • ‘However, whether we have an affirmative obligation to protect them is really a moot point.’
      • ‘There is little doubt that it would have been difficult to achieve progress against the deeply entrenched realities of caste without such affirmative legal measures.’
      • ‘Sometimes the problems that arise in relation to affirmative duties are discussed in terms of intervening acts or remoteness of damage.’
      • ‘But the former requirement indicates that any affirmative duty to prevent deliberate wrongdoing by third parties, if recognised in English law, is likely to be strictly limited.’
      • ‘But take the case where the State is the owner of land and it allows people to come on its land, surely it owes a duty of care to those people and in certain circumstances it may be under an affirmative duty.’
      • ‘A necessary extension of this idea is that there is no general affirmative duty on the government to assure that private conduct conforms to a constitutional norm.’
      • ‘So there is a very affirmative obligation for the Crown, having accepted the truth of those obligations and values, to uphold them and avoid their diminishment.’
      • ‘It seems to have been a case in which it was argued, or it would have to be argued, that the Council, because of its powers, had an affirmative obligation to put up a sign here.’
      • ‘Correspondingly, there is an affirmative obligation on a parent to foster that relationship.’
      • ‘I want to re-emphasise once again the importance of the rapid classification measures through the affirmative resolution procedures that were decided on in the amendment in 2003.’
  • 2Supportive, hopeful, or encouraging.

    • ‘the family is usually a source of encouragement from which affirmative influences come’
    supportive, reassuring, affirmative, sympathetic, sensitive, understanding, helpful
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  • 3Grammar Logic
    Stating that a fact is so; making an assertion.

    Contrasted with negative and interrogative

    • ‘affirmative sentences’

noun

  • 1A statement of agreement with or consent to an assertion or request.

    ‘he accepted her reply as an affirmative’
    • ‘Around Christmas 1990, it was hard to find many senior figures in the capital who would reply to both those questions with a confident affirmative.’
    • ‘To the question of whether he would take tea or coffee his reply was a simple affirmative.’
    • ‘He answered his own question with an emphatic affirmative.’
    • ‘We never answer questions about special forces, but do not take that as an answer indicating an affirmative.’
    • ‘They came remarkably close to answering with a simple affirmative.’
    • ‘Today he would just love to answer with an affirmative.’
    • ‘June turned back, looked, and gave the affirmative.’
    • ‘Friends and colleagues speak of a man who rediscovers his serenity the day after a tantrum, asks whether he was foolish and nods quietly on hearing the affirmative.’
    • ‘She was answered with an affirmative from all quarters.’
    • ‘No affirmatives were required, unless they replied in the negative, he knew his orders would be complied with.’
    • ‘Reaching up and scratching her right ear, she replied to Raquel's message, signaling an affirmative.’
    • ‘Rebecca was too embarrassed to reply, but he took her silence as an affirmative.’
    • ‘It is the peculiar and perpetual error of the human understanding to be more moved and excited by affirmatives than by negatives.’
    • ‘It was a question, and everyone nodded and muttered affirmatives.’
    • ‘I nodded in understanding, but he took it for an affirmative.’
    • ‘Mark's face became a picture of understanding and he nodded a quick affirmative before swinging the door open.’
    • ‘On the question being put to the vote, it was found that the balance of opinion was in favour of the affirmative.’
    • ‘Initially speechless, the Colonel quickly regained his composure and responded in a most emphatic affirmative.’
    • ‘I asked if I would see him later and he answered me in the definite affirmative.’
    • ‘An chorus of affirmatives rang into his earpiece, and he nodded in satisfaction.’
    1. 1.1the affirmativeA position of agreement or confirmation.
      ‘his answer veeredtoward the affirmative’
      • ‘This resolution might, on the surface, seem to lean towards the affirmative, but there are several advantages to both sides.’
      • ‘It's a tricky problem, but I think I incline towards the affirmative.’
      • ‘And I'm undecided as to whether golf is really a sport, but I'd tend towards the affirmative.’
      • ‘Well, it remains to be seen, although we can now once again toss our bets towards the affirmative.’
      • ‘Whether or not the man was dead was a matter of conjecture, but this last fact swayed my opinion towards the affirmative.’
      agreement, acceptance, approval, confirmation, assent, ratification, acquiescence, concurrence
      View synonyms
  • 2Grammar
    A word or particle used in making assertions.

    ‘In these cases, the complex content of the clause, either affirmative or negative, is symbolized by a single, unanalysable morpheme.’
    • ‘In addition, the ironic echo also displays a syntactic shift by changing the first clause to a negative and the second to an affirmative.’
    • ‘Finally, in the original table there were only three cells in the relative clause affirmative realized with default lexical tone.’
    • ‘The construction is symmetric neither with the main clause nor with the relative clause affirmatives.’
    • ‘Affirmatives with both of the options can mark a contrast between speaker and hearer, but mostly in literature.’
  • 3Logic
    A statement asserting that something is true of the subject of a proposition.

    ‘A propositions, or universal affirmatives take the form: All S are P.’
    • ‘Not everything demonstrable can be known by finding definitions, since all definitions are universal and affirmative whereas some demonstrable propositions are negative.’
    • ‘Every simple proposition is either affirmative or negative.’
    • ‘A deduction with an affirmative conclusion must have two affirmative premises’
    • ‘In this way it is possible to state that the 'logic of the affirmative statement ' and the 'logic of the operation' are functionally equivalent.’

exclamation

North American
  • Expressing agreement with a statement or request; yes.

    ‘‘Affirmative, sir,’ responded the ship’s tactical officer.’
    • ‘"Affirmative sir. I also have every soldier, lab tech and civilian in our charge watching a screen somewhere."’
    • ‘"Affirmative, sir!" Marcus replied. He quickly got dressed, and donned his armor.’
    • ‘“Affirmative, madam,” he answered hastily. “All that remains is a note of reassurance and a hurried farewell to our underperforming young friend.”’
    • ‘"Affirmative, Colonel," was the reply. "All targeting solutions are locked in. And the groundside system's prepared to coordinate with us on a time-on-target basis."’
    • ‘"Affirmative Colonel. We will be forming up on your right."’
    • ‘"Affirmative Sargeant. Move up and secure firing positions."’
    • ‘"Affirmative Lieutenant. Has the Commander been informed?"’
    • ‘“Affirmative Lieutenant, we have your location.”’
    • ‘“Affirmative lieutenant.” Sean replied as he bent down and picked Nathan up in his arms.’
    all right, alright, very well, of course, by all means, sure, certainly, absolutely, indeed, affirmative, in the affirmative, agreed, roger
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Phrases

    in the affirmative
    • So as to accept or agree to a statement or request.

      ‘he answered the question in the affirmative’
      • ‘I agree that that question must be answered in the affirmative; and that, accordingly, this appeal should be allowed.’
      • ‘Unable to offer a contrary view, this so-called investigation seems to answer these questions in the affirmative.’
      • ‘I am not especially optimistic about answering that question in the affirmative.’
      • ‘If the answer to any of these questions is in the affirmative, then may be you own a property with rich heritage value!’
      • ‘If these questions are answered in the affirmative, a lawsuit is born.’
      • ‘She tapped a few keys to confirm the reservations, and replied to the e-mail request in the affirmative.’
      • ‘Their Lordships answered the question in the affirmative.’
      • ‘However, I would answer that question also in the affirmative.’
      • ‘On one level, the last question can be answered in the affirmative.’
      • ‘I would answer each question in the affirmative and dismiss the appeal.’
      • ‘In the case of children, it may be easy to answer that question in the affirmative.’
      • ‘Taking the actions required to get you in the right position to answer in the affirmative might be worth your while.’
      • ‘A remarkable 25 percent of employees responded in the affirmative to this question.’
      • ‘And we hope they will answer in the affirmative in talking about the nation's future.’
      • ‘Maybe fewer than half of modern people can answer in the affirmative, due to their busy work schedules.’
      • ‘For the reasons set out above, I would answer that question in the affirmative, and as a consequence the other four questions simply do not arise.’
      • ‘I replied in the affirmative and he didn't question me any further on this point.’
      • ‘The answer, at least in some respects, is in the affirmative - with untold consequences lying in wait for us.’
      • ‘If he was being true to himself and his principles then the answer would have to be in the affirmative.’
      • ‘The partisans of the status quo don't hesitate to answer in the affirmative.’

Origin

Late Middle English (in the sense ‘assertive, positive’): via Old French from late Latin affirmativus, from affirmare ‘assert’ (see affirm).