Definition of after in English:

after

Pronunciation /ˈaftər/ /ˈæftər/

See synonyms for after

Translate after into Spanish

preposition

  • 1In the time following (an event or another period of time)

    ‘shortly after their marriage they moved to Colorado’
    • ‘after a while he returned’
    • ‘there's only one thing to do after an experience like that’
    • ‘My mother died soon after and left me the house, which is where I run my business from and make a small living.’
    • ‘Their other brother came soon after and now the three of them share a flat in Sofia.’
    • ‘We went to Anna's place after and then to see one of her friends for a wee while.’
    • ‘The audiotapes will be released shortly after the conclusion of each of the arguments.’
    following, subsequent to, succeeding, at the close of, at the end of, in the wake of, later than
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1In phrases indicating something happening continuously or repeatedly.
      ‘ day after day we kept studying’
      • ‘Instead of devoting his time to his celebrity status, he spends hour after hour, week after week, working for the little guys... and loving it.’
      • ‘Day after day we see the spectacle of a Minister who is unable to do the task that he is paid for.’
      • ‘Day after day, the pair attempted to outdo each other lifting weights in the Celtic gym.’
      • ‘Day after day, with the others, Luke picks the cotton bolls under the broiling sun.’
      • ‘Day after day I have people coming up to me telling me what to publish and what not to publish.’
      • ‘Day after day, the shocking images have been plastered all over the media.’
      • ‘The efficient handling of her claim is one reason why my wife sticks with Direct Line year after year.’
      • ‘They see their investments falling day after day, month after month and now year after year.’
      • ‘The script changed from moment to moment, it was always a work in progress, day after day, after day.’
      • ‘Year after year, we count down the seconds until January 1 arrives, and we have such high hopes that the new year will be different.’
      • ‘A balance of protein-packed meats, fresh produce, and a few versatile extras is all you need to feed yourself well week after week.’
      • ‘Day after day and week after week they slowly eliminated hundreds of men from the inquiry.’
      • ‘It takes hour after hour, day after day, week after week of training and more!’
      • ‘So why do we allow it to go on day after day, year after year and never spend time, or money, to find a way to overcome it?’
      • ‘We also have customers from the USA that have been coming back year after year for the past seven years.’
      • ‘She gazed upon him hour after hour, and her very soul seemed to speak out of her dying eyes.’
      • ‘Every minute seemed an hour while I was waiting his return, and yet minute after minute passed, and he did not make his appearance.’
      • ‘Week after week he painstakingly helped them work through problems his brightest students would grasp in an instant.’
      • ‘Just imagine if you could watch a plumber install and repair plumbing day by day, hour after hour. Could you imagine what you would learn?’
      • ‘Cultures are closed networks of conversations conserved generation after generation through the learning of the children that live in them.’
    2. 1.2North American Past (used in specifying a time)
      ‘I strolled in about ten minutes after two’
      • ‘It was just after ten and we were buying the first round of drinks.’
      • ‘The clock in the window of a real estate office says "Two." A few windows down another clock says "Ten minutes after two."’
      • ‘At ten minutes after two the assistant asks the secretary if Mr. Garcia knows they are there.’
      • ‘Harvard had possession and made a few gains, but the referees called the end of the half at ten minutes after three.’
      • ‘It was ten minutes after three in the morning when her tale telling was drowned completely by tears and heart wrenching sobs.’
      • ‘It was due here at twenty minutes after five, but an accident occurring to a freight train, the track became obstructed, and a detention of nearly three hours was the result.’
      • ‘And I got up at six o’clock and left about twenty minutes after six to go down and get the car filled up with gas.’
      • ‘We got to the train station around five minutes after seven.’
      • ‘"It could not have been more than twenty minutes after twelve, as it was twenty-five minutes after twelve when my cousin went to her room, and this was about five minutes earlier."’
      • ‘At twenty minutes after ten, the boats of the squadron were sent to her assistance, and, having cut her cables, she was towed out of her exposed situation.’
      later than, past, after
      View synonyms
  • 2Behind.

    ‘she went out, shutting the door after her’
    • ‘They entered the avenue, and locking the door after them, sought the flight of steps down which the count had before passed.’
    • ‘She sensed someone moving very quickly after her before she was hit from behind and had her bag snatched.’
    • ‘At the end of the interview he accompanies me to the lift instead of slamming the door after me.’
    • ‘I slipped quietly back into the house and pulled the door shut after me, leaving the scene.’
    • ‘He led the way and the little girls walked after him.’
    • ‘We got up and walked after him at a little distance.’
    • ‘When I've shut the door after him, I wash my hands in privacy and put almond cream on them.’
    • ‘Anna jumped out of the window after them.’
    • ‘It being rather too cold for her to see him to the gate, she fondly told him he might let himself out, but warned him to slam the gate after him.’
    • ‘I dived into the water, and he followed after me.’
    • ‘She opened the gate to let Lucy go out, and then shut it after her.’
    • ‘I was on the point of reaching it, when he followed after me and took me by the arm saying: "No, sir, you must not."’
    • ‘I stepped after him into the saloon. It was like entering a grand drawing-room.’
    • ‘I went one side, and my brother the other: they followed after me.’
    • ‘The young woman came in and closed the door after her.’
    • ‘And he kissed her, and went his way, with a slight wave of his hand, and his odd smile, as he closed the little garden gate after him.’
    • ‘But finding that no one followed after me, I grew calmer, and the storm also drew off, and the sun shone out a little before his setting.’
    • ‘She went out of the room and slammed the door after her, and Mary went and sat on the hearth-rug, pale with rage.’
    • ‘Then they came over and made sure that I was still securely bound. Finally they withdrew, closing the window after them.’
    • ‘After the evening meal, Maxine and David would go into their own bedroom and shut the door after them.’
    behind, following, in the rear of
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1(with reference to looking or speaking) in the direction of someone who is moving further away.
      ‘she stared after him’
      • ‘The two friends were left staring after the caravan as it slowly rolled away down the dirt track.’
      • ‘Jen shouted after him, but he was too far away to hear her.’
      • ‘I stood looking out of the window after him.’
      • ‘Then turning and smiling through her tears she called after him.’
      • ‘They hailed him, and he answered, laughing boisterously and long, so that they glanced after him in surprise.’
      • ‘When little Cam let go of her hand and ran off to explore the world without her, she watched after him and waited.’
      • ‘She was staring grimly after her son, one hand tracing the cereal box as if to square off its corners.’
      • ‘In a darkened hallway, a young girl and her parents stare after the teenager tramping upstairs.’
      • ‘He ran out the door and we followed and stared after him.’
      • ‘As he practically ran out of the barn leading the horse behind him, all I could do was stand and stare after him.’
      • ‘He stared after them as though he were being left behind by two old friends.’
      • ‘Sarah looked out of the window after them until they had passed down the valley and she could see them no more.’
      • ‘On the town gate in the tapestry, a man stands defiantly staring after the cart.’
      • ‘Freya stared after it curiously for a moment, until a splash of colour caught her eye.’
      • ‘Angel stared after him for a moment or two before returning to her house to finish her own packing.’
      • ‘Devon stared after him for a few seconds before dropping his gaze back down to me.’
      • ‘As she reached the door, she looked at the man who was still staring after her and gave a small wave.’
      • ‘I stared after her, watching as she turned the corner and disappeared from sight.’
      • ‘Sarah stared after Callan as she walked away from him, gradually getting smaller and smaller.’
      • ‘The old dame had such large teeth that the girl felt frightened and wanted to run away, but the old woman called after her’
    2. 2.2In phrases referring to making somewhere clean or tidy again after the actions of a person or animal.
      ‘visitors will be required to clean up after their dogs’
      • ‘I tend to just tidy up after myself rather than doing a full clean all at once’
  • 3In pursuit or quest of.

    ‘they're chasing after something that doesn't exist’
    • ‘most of them are after money’
    • ‘Jenny still yearned after him’
    • ‘But he seemed to be slipping as he chased after it and it was brilliant to see the ball go in.’
    • ‘She finally chased after one bus for about a mile-and-a-half until it stopped.’
    • ‘As many as three bidders are chasing after one of the biggest landlords in Britain, Canary Wharf.’
    • ‘It's not just your money that they're after although they certainly want that.’
    • ‘One of the robbers chased after him, and, as they struggled, a firearm was discharged again.’
    • ‘The men who are not so handsome, but are nice men with money think we are only after their money.’
    • ‘So many women seek after men of money or rank, and this is essentially a private affair.’
    • ‘The man at the apex of the Party elite yearns after the free-thinking rebels of old.’
    • ‘I saw a man up the street as he chased frantically after what looked like some kind of small, ugly animal.’
    • ‘The mob then chased after two other men who were also seen to have run from the restaurant.’
    • ‘When the people in the streets chased after the thief, each person knew that others would join in.’
    • ‘We are not, as we are classified by many in the media, a compensation culture, after money.’
    • ‘She then stopped a car which also chased after the youths when she told the driver her bag had been stolen.’
    • ‘His wisdom leaves the viewer with something to aspire to, something to chase after.’
    • ‘A young girl was robbed and he chased after the mugger and detained him.’
    • ‘She has become so successful that I wondered whether men might not be after her money.’
    • ‘The greedy geese drove off the ducks and chased after pensioners, hoping for a feed.’
    • ‘One of the robbers chased after him and as they struggled, a firearm was fired again.’
    • ‘The group ran off and one of the men chased after them in his car while the other two stayed with the boy.’
    • ‘I recall Sarah jumping out of the car and chasing after the policeman to ask directions.’
    in pursuit of, in someone's direction, following, on the track of, in the tracks of, in someone's footsteps
    in search of, in quest of, on a quest for, in pursuit of, trying to find, looking for, on the lookout for, hunting for
    View synonyms
  • 4Next to and following in order or importance.

    ‘in their order of priorities health comes after housing’
    • ‘x comes after y in the series’
    • ‘For boys, reading comes after TV, listening to CDs, tapes and the radio, playing computer or video games, talking on the phone and visiting the Internet.’
    • ‘Among leisure activities reading comes after television, radio, time spent with family, and listening to music.’
    • ‘Mental health is important, but mental health comes after spiritual health.’
    • ‘Workers’ and consumers’ health comes after exporters’ wealth.’
    • ‘In terms of my personal priorities, clients come after my family, football team, friends and colleagues.’
    • ‘Career and many other priorities in life come after family for the majority of women.’
    • ‘That family is the base unit of a society explains why social obligations come after family duty.’
    • ‘Training has always come after family and friends and even comes after home improvement projects which I've been doing for the last year.’
    • ‘Dancing should also come after family and friends.’
    • ‘On the down side I have so little time to really dig into my chosen hobby since it has to come after career, marriage and being a father.’
    next to, beside, besides, following, nearest to, below, immediately inferior to
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  • 5In allusion to (someone or something with the same or a related name)

    ‘they named her Pauline, after Barbara's mother’
    • ‘There are five wines in the premium range, named after his mother, who died last year.’
    • ‘He was named after his uncle, but his mother preferred to call him Campbell.’
    • ‘A modest engineer who discovered a huge gas field was honoured yesterday by having a site named after him.’
    • ‘The old ones include the Davy Tower, named after John Davy who lived there in the 1420s.’
    • ‘Tables will be named after Bond movies and pictures from various Bond films will be beamed around the room.’
    • ‘She said if the proposed street was to be named after a person it would have to be approved at an Area Committee meeting.’
    • ‘Today there are more than 3000 varieties, named after the area where each is grown.’
    • ‘Many people do not understand why this uncomfortable season is named after a fruit.’
    • ‘Just because the show is named after him is no reason to keep him around.’
    • ‘As a reminder of their union two of the streets in the city are named after them.’
    • ‘Sometimes we personalise the titles for the owners, naming them after family members or pets.’
    • ‘Citizens feel that no road or public place should be named after a living politician.’
    • ‘Now air ambulance bosses intend to name the new helicopter after their generous benefactor.’
    • ‘The green-fingered lass whose figure has made her fortune has now had a fuchsia named after her.’
    • ‘His image is everywhere around this city and he's even had a fast ferry named after him.’
    • ‘We are pleased that the school will be named after him as it means he will never be forgotten amongst those he helped.’
    • ‘It is named after a pupil who tragically lost her life in a road accident nearly ten years ago.’
    • ‘There is a well-designed town trail which is appropriately named after the acorn.’
    • ‘Roger has the honour of a room named after him for all the hard work he put into the project to refurbish the village hall.’
    • ‘However, naming a rose after a well-loved public figure can give it a head start.’
    in honour of, as a tribute to, as a mark of respect to, the same as
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    1. 5.1In imitation of.
      ‘a drawing after Millet's The Reapers’
      • ‘Among the the most remarkable etchings are the artists's album of portraits after Raphael’s paintings.’
      • ‘This piece is conceived after Picasso's 1954 portrait, "Jaqueline, with roses".’
      • ‘This unusually large red-chalk drawing by Rembrandt is closely based on an early print after Leonardo da Vinci's famous mural of the Last Supper.’
      • ‘During those some 250 years many hundreds of prints were made, not only after Rembrandt’s paintings, but also his drawings and etchings.’
      • ‘The second movement - Allegro, rigorously designed after Vivaldi's manner, betrays Tartini's propensity for virtuoso ornamentation.’
      in the style of, in the manner of, in imitation of, on the model of, following the pattern of, after the fashion of, along the lines of, on the lines of, influenced by
      View synonyms
  • 6Concerning or about.

    ‘she asked after his mother and sister and was told that both were well’
    • ‘She asked after him, and whether he seemed well. “I wish I could help,” she said. “But I’ve never helped him much, never."’
    • ‘He enquired after her, and was told she was not well.’
    • ‘Seeing the princess, he enquired after her welfare.’
    • ‘So he enquired after her sister’s health, and got a positive response.’
    • ‘She asked after her bridegroom, and nobody knew him.’
    • ‘Rapidly he enquired after her family, as another thought ran through his brain.’
    • ‘Lara listened and then she asked after her elder daughter.’
    • ‘Subsequently she asked after her son William, and said it was a tall man who shot her.’
    • ‘She asked after her favorite horse, a four year old mare, bay with a white blaze.’
    • ‘Whenever she asked after him - which she very seldom did, since the mere utterance of his name made her face grow hot - the answer was, he was from home, or he was quite taken up with business.’

conjunction

  • During the period of time following an event.

    ‘bath time ended in a flood after the taps were left running’
    • ‘My mother died soon after and left me the house, which is where I run my business from and make a small living.’
    • ‘Their other brother came soon after and now the three of them share a flat in Sofia.’
    • ‘We went to Anna's place after and then to see one of her friends for a wee while.’
    • ‘The audiotapes will be released shortly after the conclusion of each of the arguments.’
    later, following, afterwards, after that, after this, subsequently
    View synonyms

adverb

  • At a later or future time; afterwards.

    ‘Duke Frederick died soon after’
    • ‘the week after, I was back in school’
    later, following, afterwards, after that, after this, subsequently
    View synonyms

adjective

attributive
  • 1archaic Later.

    • ‘he was sorry in after years’
    subsequent, following, succeeding, future, upcoming, to come, ensuing, next
    View synonyms
  • 2Nautical
    Nearer the stern of a ship.

    • ‘the after cabin’

Phrases

    after hours
    • After normal working or opening hours, typically those of bars and nightclubs.

      as adverb ‘she was going in to work after hours’
      • ‘an after-hours jazz club’
      • ‘For several years, he worked as a caddie and secretly played the course before hours and after hours.’
      • ‘In some after-hours clubs, the music was shut off and the TV turned up for the half hour Small Wonder was on.’
      • ‘The clinic operates after hours, using daytime workers but paying them overtime.’
      • ‘I made good friends there, often hanging out after hours, drinking and sharing stories.’
      • ‘Teaching was only one of her jobs: after hours, she also worked for a theatre restaurant in a principal acting role.’
      • ‘She knew I had an upcoming informal work function after hours so she suggested it would be the perfect opportunity.’
      • ‘I remember being caned for talking after hours when the lights were out.’
      • ‘The service was started in an effort to ensure that both staff and students felt safe when on the campus after hours.’
      • ‘It was fun to be there after hours in a dark and empty building.’
      • ‘In order to help keep the building secure, it is currently locked after hours.’
    after you
    • A polite formula used to suggest that someone goes in front of or takes a turn before oneself.

      ‘after you, Mr. Pritchard’
      • ‘“No, please, after you.” “Please, I insist, you go first.”’
      • ‘"Not a bit of it, please after you sir" "Ah, non, non, I would not dare sir, after you"’
      • ‘“After you ladies,” he said offering her his most charming smile as she offered him a shy smile and brushed past him.’
      • ‘He stood back politely. “After you, sir, after you.”’
      • ‘"After you Madam. I never precede a lady."’
    after all
    • In spite of any indications or expectations to the contrary.

      ‘I called and told her I couldn't come after all’
      • ‘you are my counselor, after all’
      • ‘Is there a danger we could expect too much of what is, after all, only a five-day event?’
      • ‘It dawns, suddenly, that we may not be helping the prime minister very much after all.’
      • ‘It turned out once little Abigail had been born there was nothing wrong after all.’
      • ‘He reckons it's a bit much to criticise what he has done when, after all, he did get most of it right.’
      • ‘Who, after all, had set the standards for good English to which we should all aspire?’
      • ‘That is, after all, how the tourist knows they are in one of the most diverse cities in the world.’
      • ‘It would have been so easy, after all, simply to leak his name if that's what they wanted.’
      • ‘It is, after all, the first cultural medium we adopt as our own, and often at a very young age.’
      • ‘Perhaps the house will be granted a touch of her theatrical design flair, after all.’
      • ‘I looked anxiously at the door frame, wondering if this was such a good idea after all.’

Origin

Old English æfter, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch achter.