1Something which follows something else; especially consequences, outcome. Chiefly Scottish in later use.
2Scottish, British dialect The last milk that may be drawn from a cow.
Early 17th century (in an earlier sense). From after + -ing + -s, plural ending, originally after Hellenistic Greek ὑστερήματα (New Testament: Colossians 1:24), plural of ὑστέρημα deficiency, need from ancient Greek ὑστερεῖν to be behind, to come late, to fail to obtain, to lack + -μα.