Definition of alkylate in English:


transitive verb

[with object]Chemistry
  • Introduce an alkyl radical into (a compound)

    ‘one of the ways to overcome the problem is to alkylate protein mixtures’
    • ‘Chemical mutagens are classified as alkylating agents, cross-linking agents, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).’
    • ‘Two men discovered that in the presence of Lewis acids (such as aluminum chloride or ferric chloride), alkyl halides will alkylate benzenes.’
    • ‘The major categories are alkylating agents, antimetabolites, plant alkaloids, anti-tumor antibiotics, and steroid hormones.’
    • ‘PARP is a nuclear enzyme activated by DNA strand breaks induced by alkylating agents or X-rays.’
    • ‘Parp is activated by DNA strand breaks induced by alkylating agents.’
    • ‘Consistent with these functions, mei - 41 mutants are sensitive to hydroxyurea, an inhibitor of DNA replication, and DNA-damaging agents such as X-ray and alkylating agents.’
    • ‘The mms4 mutant has previously been found to be sensitive to alkylating agents such as MMS, weakly sensitive to ultraviolet light, and resistant to X rays.’
    • ‘We found that it is also hypersensitive to various DNA-damaging agents, including UV irradiation and the DNA alkylating agent MMS.’
    • ‘Several different types of drugs have been developed - alkylating agents, for example, inhibit cell division, whilst anti-metabolites interfere with enzyme systems and block vital processes.’
    • ‘All four mutant lines displayed an increased sensitivity to the bifunctional alkylating agent mitomycin C.’
    • ‘There has been some investigation into the natural alkylating agent 4-ipomeanol, but investigation was suspended after the first clinical trials.’
    • ‘The chlorinated nitrosamines showed stronger mutagenicity than non-chlorinated nitrosamines, indicating that alkylating activity was strengthened by the presence of a chloro group.’
    • ‘Methyl methanesulfonate and cyclophosphamide are alkylating agents that differ in their mode of action.’
    • ‘Acute leukemia frequently has been described as a late complication of chemotherapy with alkylating agents in patients treated for multiple myeloma.’



/ˈalkəˌlāt/ /ˈælkəˌleɪt/