Definition of analogy in English:

analogy

Pronunciation /əˈnaləjē/ /əˈnælədʒi/

Translate analogy into Spanish

nounanalogies

  • 1A comparison between two things, typically for the purpose of explanation or clarification.

    ‘an analogy between the workings of nature and those of human societies’
    • ‘he interprets logical functions by analogy with machines’
    • ‘Between the taboo of ‘eating the dead’ and that of eating domestic animals, the analogy between relatives and animals is clear.’
    • ‘There is a limited analogy between the relation of theology to religious discourse and the relation of logic to language.’
    • ‘The analogy between outlawing gay marriage and interracial marriage won't withstand scrutiny.’
    • ‘Another illustration that he gives is an analogy between words and pieces in a chess game.’
    • ‘By analogy with the rock and the feather, think of a heavy warhead and a very light balloon that is inflated in the shape of a warhead; they would also travel along together in space.’
    • ‘The analogy between Russia on the eve of the Bolshevik Revolution and the 1997/98 situation was also popular with many political scientists.’
    • ‘A friend of mine takes the moral analogy between the aftermath of the Civil War and the current situation in Iraq one step further.’
    • ‘To the extent that there is any analogy between Moveon and anything that happened half a century ago, the analogy should be to organized labor more generally.’
    • ‘Victor Davis Hanson makes an analogy between where we are now and where Lincoln was in 1864, as his first presidential term was ending.’
    • ‘One might draw an analogy between Johnson's approach and President Bush's reliance on faith-based initiatives.’
    • ‘It is little wonder that this week, some Bulgarians began to quip about the analogy between the game and the challenges lying ahead of the Stanishev Cabinet.’
    • ‘So what are we doing here; drawing an analogy between the power-law curve of small-campaign news coverage and of small-weblog traffic?’
    • ‘He was always falling in love, and I want to see an analogy between his falling in love so desperately, so intensely, and his fascination with tigers.’
    • ‘Coleman drew an analogy between Cheney and my favorite historical figure, Ulysses Grant.’
    • ‘Even so, a rough analogy between the two periods is possible.’
    • ‘With the aforementioned reasons, the analogy between Aceh and the southern provinces of Thailand is way off the mark and not based on complete facts.’
    • ‘However, I'm also reminded of an analogy between blogs and old-style soapbox speakers in City parks.’
    • ‘The steering wheel isn't the only possible basis for Cowan's analogy.’
    • ‘In other words, the roller-coaster analogy is limited, and these limitations may weaken Pinedo's account.’
    • ‘The left is always throwing that word around and, like the Bush / Hitler analogy, it really shows an ignorance of history.’
    1. 1.1A correspondence or partial similarity.
      ‘the syndrome is called deep dysgraphia because of its analogy to deep dyslexia’
      • ‘If there is any likeness at all between the machine and its embodied precursor, the closest analogy to that relationship might be between adults and the babies they once were.’
      • ‘Incidentally, while this naturally brings up an analogy to the constitutional right to an abortion, the analogy is complex.’
      • ‘The analogy to Gaiman isn't perfect, of course.’
      • ‘But the analogy to the price system is badly strained.’
      • ‘Perhaps the progression of colour throughout the film could serve as an analogy to the growth of Hughes' own achievements, alongside the escalation of his mental illness.’
      • ‘The analogy to the McFarlane case is, admittedly, not exact.’
      • ‘I think the closer analogy to me, just perhaps because I was there, was Lebanon, where the Americans were greeted with open arms.’
      • ‘The proper analogy to many blogs is opinion magazines.’
      • ‘The analogy to the late Carter administration is quite apt.’
      • ‘I would draw an analogy to the 8th Amendment's prohibition against cruel and unusual punishments.’
      • ‘He pointed out the analogy between algebraic symbols and those that represent logical forms.’
      • ‘I fail to see the analogy between banning a behavior that is being repressed by violence and banning a behavior that is being enforced by violence.’
      • ‘In fact - as a percentage of the population - there's basically a direct analogy between the number of gay tax-payers and the number of gay students.’
      • ‘If there is an analogy between our own age and the Restoration it is perhaps that for us what has been ‘restored’ is capitalist Liberal Democracy.’
      • ‘Yet there's a striking analogy between Smith and the man who is possibly the world's most influential CEO, Warren Buffett.’
      link, relationship, relation, relatedness, interrelation, interrelatedness, interconnection, interdependence, association, attachment, bond, tie, tie-in, correspondence, parallel, analogy
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    2. 1.2A thing which is comparable to something else in significant respects.
      ‘works of art were seen as an analogy for works of nature’
      • ‘Germany and Japan make poor analogies with respect to the contemporary Middle East.’
      • ‘There is also Plato's idea of the state as an analogy for the soul.’
      • ‘If the virtue of a function is to perform it well, the analogy of ‘rational activity’ makes clear that there is a plurality of virtues.’
      • ‘I'm not sure, either, that genre in music is a good analogy, especially when talking about literature, which… well… has genres, too.’
      • ‘The problem with standardized tests is that they do not measure a student's willingness to do work and to succeed, and this makes a timed test a poor analogy to life.’
      • ‘The artist, in other words, creates by analogy with God, not through copying God's creation.’
      • ‘But is preventive medicine really the proper analogy to contraception?’
      • ‘But for a closer analogy to the DFD situation, we have to move overseas.’
      • ‘Perhaps an even better analogy than the math one - computer programming.’
      • ‘The synoptic view of the value of one's moral life has rarely found a more striking analogy.’
      • ‘Husserl insists that the talk of intuition here is no mere analogy.’
      • ‘It now occurs to me that the best analogy for Google hits as a measurement term is not hertz or joules or pascals, but degrees Celsius.’
      • ‘The real analogy behind natural selection is the work of the natural historian.’
      • ‘My apartment is an analogy for my mind.’
      • ‘The copy machine is an analogy for the process of transcription.’
      • ‘The game of chess is not a good analogy for protein sequences.’
    3. 1.3Logic A process of arguing from similarity in known respects to similarity in other respects.
      ‘argument from analogy’
      • ‘If they are going to argue from analogy, then human's design things which are less complicated than themselves.’
      • ‘This is the source of scepticism about other minds: how, given that the argument from analogy does not work, can I claim to be justified in believing that there are any minds other than my own in the universe?’
      • ‘Attributing mental states to other people seems to depend on a shaky argument from analogy only because we are tempted to suppose that such states are directly accessible only to the person whose states they are.’
      • ‘I see about me living human beings, and the argument from analogy is supposed to allow me to infer that these are persons like myself.’
      • ‘As a law professor, I help train people to argue from analogy and to distinguish among different cases.’
      similarity, parallel, parallelism, correspondence, likeness, resemblance, correlation, relation, kinship, equivalence, similitude, symmetry, homology
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    4. 1.4Linguistics A process by which new words and inflections are created on the basis of regularities in the form of existing ones.
      ‘Processes of analogy have created coinages like petrodollar, psycho-warfare, microwave on such models as petrochemical, psychology, microscope.’
      • ‘They are created in accordance with a schema - by analogy, as it were, with existing forms.’
      • ‘Far from being proof of children's linguistic inadequacy, analogy is a demonstration of their mastery of the core rules of English morphology.’
      • ‘Another source of change in pronoun systems is analogy of various kinds.’
      • ‘I suspect that the band Phish may have been inspired to use the same f to ph substitution by the same analogy, but I haven't been able to confirm this.’
    5. 1.5Biology The resemblance of function between organs that have a different evolutionary origin.
      ‘Finally, I think that Wright, who has written a good deal about evolution, is missing a basic evolutionary analogy.’
      • ‘In drawing this analogy Darwin goes beyond denying the simultaneous creation of all species and calls into question the idea of classification as a whole.’
      • ‘Indeed, if Darwin's analogy proves anything, it shows the need for intelligent intervention to produce new life forms.’
      • ‘From his vaguely defined methodological stance, Snooks criticizes Darwin's use of analogy.’
      • ‘Abp1 (and by analogy cortactin) also might function to attenuate stronger NPFs in vivo.’

Origin

Late Middle English (in the sense ‘appropriateness, correspondence’): from French analogie, Latin analogia ‘proportion’, from Greek, from analogos ‘proportionate’.