1A state of disorder due to absence or nonrecognition of authority or other controlling systems.
lawlessness, absence of government, nihilism, mobocracy, revolution, insurrection, riot, rebellion, mutiny, disorder, disorganization, misrule, chaos, tumult, turmoil, mayhem, pandemoniumView synonyms
- ‘the country has been plunged into a state of anarchy’
2The organization of society on the basis of voluntary cooperation, without political institutions or hierarchical government; anarchism.
Mid 16th century via medieval Latin from Greek anarkhia, from anarkhos, from an- ‘without’ + arkhos ‘chief, ruler’.