Definition of Arabic in English:

Arabic

noun

mass noun
  • The Semitic language of the Arabs, spoken by some 150 million people throughout the Middle East and North Africa.

    • ‘Dressed in a white forensic suit, he spoke in Arabic through an interpreter to confirm his name.’
    • ‘Now he speaks Arabic, understands some grammar and recites and memorizes surahs of Quran.’
    • ‘The dialects of spoken Arabic in the Middle East differ a lot as you move from region to region.’
    • ‘He would have been unable to understand why - he speaks neither Arabic nor English.’
    • ‘Its name in English and in many other languages derives, via Arabic, from an old Persian name, aspankh.’
    • ‘I can now get along in several languages, even the kind of Arabic spoken in Morocco, where I go quite a lot.’
    • ‘For those who speak it, Arabic is an instrument of expression and using it well is an art.’
    • ‘Often piled in corners, they were written in Arabic, German, Urdu and English.’
    • ‘Someone who only speaks Arabic has left five messages on my answerphone this morning for Yasmina.’
    • ‘The men spoke in Arabic among themselves and to the man in the yellow shirt sitting nearby.’
    • ‘An Arab is someone from the nations of the Middle East and North Africa where Arabic is the primary language.’
    • ‘BBC Arabic also broadcasts throughout the Arab world on shortwave and medium wave frequencies.’
    • ‘Links will also be made to the Bible in Arabic, English, French and Farsi.’
    • ‘As in Hebrew, the use of vowels in writing Aramaic and Arabic is a relatively late development.’
    • ‘I had by this point learned basic Arabic, which is the language they spoke.’
    • ‘Software is now being developed to translate to and from Arabic, Korean and Thai.’
    • ‘Later his work would be translated into Arabic after the fall of Alexandria.’
    • ‘Though he edited the Hebrew prayer book and composed some Hebrew liturgical poems, he wrote mostly in Arabic.’
    • ‘For example, the fact that classical Arabic is the language of the Koran endows it with special significance.’
    • ‘Jordanians are very friendly and hospitable, and a few words of Arabic will work wonders.’

adjective

  • Relating to the literature or language of Arab people.

    ‘Arabic literature’
    ‘a fluent Arabic-speaker’
    • ‘The influence of what was produced in that hundred years has left its imprint on Arabic poetry and literature for all times.’
    • ‘He spoke about teaching of Arabic language and literature.’
    • ‘In order to achieve that it is imperative for us to teach our children the Arabic language and history and the Islamic faith.’
    • ‘The council will focus on the expansion and growth of Arabic language in the state.’
    • ‘We had our school lessons and they were all in English, except for the Arabic language class that we took.’
    • ‘In the Arabic language, a feminine pronoun is generally used in such instances.’
    • ‘Its program stresses the study of the Arabic language as well as technical skills.’
    • ‘Her pale forehead creases under the fold of her white scarf; the Arabic exclamations are getting louder.’
    • ‘He arrived in the US in 1981 and worked as an Arabic instructor at Tampa University.’
    • ‘A number of prominent Arabic newspapers have published these views with regularity.’
    • ‘The reports in both the Western and the Arabic press are confused.’
    • ‘We asked him to look at the original Arabic report and give us his thoughts.’
    • ‘But Arabic style depends on allusion and implying things much more than Englisn.’
    • ‘With Shawqi's verses a great era of classical Arabic poetry came to an end.’
    • ‘They conferred in Arabic for the right English words, and also taught me a few Arabic phrases.’
    • ‘Do you wish to speak in the Arabic language first or do you wish to speak in English?’
    • ‘My language is a variant of Gujarati, with many Arabic vocabulary words.’
    • ‘Gibraltar is actually an Arabic word, a corruption of Jebel Tariq - Tariq's mountain.’
    • ‘The most striking example is that of Turkey, which scrapped Arabic script and adopted the Latin alphabet.’

Arabic is written from right to left in a cursive script of twenty-eight consonants, the vowels being indicated by additional signs. The classical or literary language is based largely on that of the Koran; colloquial Arabic has many dialects. The script has been adapted for various languages, including Persian, Urdu, Malay, and (formerly) Turkish

Origin

Middle English via Latin arabicus from Greek arabikos, from Araps, Arab- ‘Arab’, from the Arabic (see Arab).

Pronunciation

Arabic

/ˈarəbɪk/