Definition of archaeology in English:


(also archeology)

Pronunciation /ˌärkēˈäləjē/ /ˌɑrkiˈɑlədʒi/


  • The study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of artifacts and other physical remains.

    • ‘Jaromir Malek studied Egyptology and archaeology at Charles University, Prague.’
    • ‘I am not a professional archaeologist, but a member of the public with an interest in archaeology and history.’
    • ‘The awkward relationship between archaeology and history is an old problem.’
    • ‘The right students will be able to proceed to a research degree in archaeology or landscape studies.’
    • ‘We can now study man's pre-history through the field of archeology.’
    • ‘Uncertainties in history, archeology, biogeography, anthropology and biosystematics obscure the dates and places of the first domestication of cultivated crops.’
    • ‘Winbush wants to attend college to study archeology or forensic science.’
    • ‘A spokesman said there would be a programme of public archaeology on a site rich in historic remains.’
    • ‘The company currently is commissioning what it calls the world's first custom-designed ocean excavator for marine archeology to begin work both at the Guanahacabibes site and at ship wrecks.’
    • ‘He supported his genetic arguments with inferences from anthropology, archeology, geography, and linguistics.’
    • ‘Second, the history of these islands is illuminated by archaeology to a quite extraordinary extent.’
    • ‘The purpose of archaeology is to understand the past by studying its material culture.’
    • ‘Stephan DeStaebler created ‘Torso With Arms Raised II’ to reflect his interest in archeology, geology and history.’
    • ‘A combination of displays related to paleontology, archeology, geology and history seems to hold some promise as a theme for the weekend.’
    • ‘The existing archeology of the site has been carefully preserved or moved.’
    • ‘The discovery of the Vasa warship, in Sweden, is a landmark in the history of marine archeology.’
    • ‘Early in her career, she introduced themes from the history and archeology of Bulgaria to her work.’
    • ‘Her interest in the highly specialized field sprang from an early love of history and archeology.’
    • ‘Nowadays, scarcely a week goes by without archaeology on television and in the major newspapers.’
    • ‘With no proper time or resources for archaeology, the results were poor and largely unpublished.’


Early 17th century (in the sense ‘ancient history’): from modern Latin archaeologia, from Greek arkhaiologia ‘ancient history’, from arkhaios ‘ancient’. The current sense dates from the mid 19th century.



/ˌärkēˈäləjē/ /ˌɑrkiˈɑlədʒi/