Definition of argument in English:

argument

noun

  • 1An exchange of diverging or opposite views, typically a heated or angry one.

    ‘I've had an argument with my father’
    ‘heated arguments over public spending’
    mass noun ‘there was some argument about the decision’
    • ‘I didn't see it but after the debate a few students approached the MP and had a heated argument with her, one guy went so far as to say she wasn't welcome here.’
    • ‘Last spring, I got into a heated argument with a bunch of lawyers about judicial activism.’
    • ‘The workers had a heated argument with the police a number of times.’
    • ‘The adults were in a heated argument with another patient who was waiting to be seen in a clinic near the ATM.’
    • ‘It is alleged he got involved in a heated argument with the supervisor after she made the request at short notice.’
    • ‘The two men in the car began a heated argument with the family before making a phone call.’
    • ‘After a heated argument with a male friend, he said I was passive aggressive.’
    • ‘Miranda was having a heated argument with a dark haired short girl, dressed in skimpy clothing.’
    • ‘Then I got into a heated argument with the snotty salesman who would not allow me to test it outside!’
    • ‘Of course, after a heated argument with Guy, she had become more convinced of her choice.’
    • ‘She was having a heated argument with Guy about the vote that was coming around.’
    • ‘Following the accident, heated arguments were exchanged between the two parties which later resulted in a scuffle.’
    • ‘She allegedly set fire to the building following a heated argument with her partner.’
    • ‘I could tell there was not only no way around this, but it was going to be my first heated argument with my mom in three years.’
    • ‘I did not have the energy to engage in an argument or a heated debate about who had the right of way and who was wrong.’
    • ‘Why aren't there any debates and heated arguments?’
    • ‘A heated argument and a fistfight broke out whereupon the student council began to agitate for the transfer of seven of the staff involved.’
    • ‘Apparently, there had been some sort of scuffle and a heated argument.’
    • ‘Apparently married bliss was intermittent, for the couple fell into a heated argument.’
    • ‘I'm sure Max is writing in good faith here, so let's address this tiresome argument once and for all.’
    quarrel, disagreement, squabble, fight, difference of opinion, dispute, wrangle, clash, altercation, feud, dissension, war of words, contretemps, exchange of views
    View synonyms
  • 2A reason or set of reasons given in support of an idea, action or theory.

    ‘there is a strong argument for submitting a formal appeal’
    with clause ‘he rejected the argument that keeping the facility would be costly’
    • ‘This supports the defence argument that they were in the possession of the building at all times.’
    • ‘However, there are a number of reasons that would support an argument that the move was acceptable.’
    • ‘It makes this assertion in support of its argument that a longer sublease would have been easier to market than a shorter sublease.’
    • ‘There is a strong argument that similar specialist centres should be designated for other lysosomal storage disorders.’
    • ‘The income v.s. apartment ratio is a key theory foundation for the argument that we should not compare Shanghai and New York City.’
    • ‘The latest edition of the index supports the argument that the rate of increase in national house prices is tending to moderate.’
    • ‘Two museum exhibitions support the argument that contemporary New Zealand fashion ignores its own past.’
    • ‘The fact that the men and dogs disappeared into caravans parked in a lay-by near to the field supports the argument that the dogs had just strayed.’
    • ‘Then in other news today, I see the argument that ideas in advertising should be paid for based on its usage.’
    • ‘This argument has lent some support to the argument that we in fact live in an open universe.’
    • ‘First, they support the argument that intellectual property is a cultural phenomenon as well as an economic one.’
    • ‘The subsequent mortgages to his brother provide a somewhat objective support for his argument that he was indeed indebted to Dieter.’
    • ‘That case was cited in Pirelli in support of the argument that, since in that case there was economic loss when the chimney was built, the cause of action arose then.’
    • ‘This appears to support the overall argument that some former stalking victims may go on to victimise others they perceive as threatening in some way.’
    • ‘However, this supports the argument that short leases meant tenants were accountable.’
    • ‘The same line of thought was used to support an argument that two people could manually collect the information needed for purchasing.’
    • ‘Their results support the argument that the supply of loans to real estate is not perfectly elastic.’
    • ‘The claimant do not identify any legal or factual basis to support their argument that the policy should not apply to them.’
    • ‘Mr. Drabble relied upon two cases in particular in support of his argument that the delays were unlawful.’
    • ‘This supports the argument that you should actively shop around to find a better deal.’
    reasoning, line of reasoning, logic, case
    View synonyms
  • 3Mathematics Logic
    An independent variable associated with a function or proposition and determining its value. For example, in the expression y = F(x₁, x₂), the arguments of the function F are x₁ and x₂, and the value is y.

    • ‘Abel's theorem states that any such sum can be expressed as a fixed number p of these integrals, with integration arguments that are algebraic functions of the original arguments.’
    • ‘With Davenport he showed that any real indefinite diagonal quadratic form, in 5 or more variables, takes arbitrarily small values for nonzero integral arguments.’
    • ‘I.e., in the equation, x + y = z, x and y are the arguments to the addition function, and z is the value.’
    1. 3.1
      another term for amplitude (sense 4)
  • 4Linguistics
    Any of the noun phrases in a clause that are related directly to the verb, typically the subject, direct object, and indirect object.

    • ‘It does not contain a semantic predicate, either, because the anaphor is not an argument of the verb.’
    • ‘Section 3 shows that the operation ARG allows a satisfying analysis of prefixes and particles that introduce new arguments to the verb.’
    • ‘This paper focuses on the semantics of implicit arguments and compares it with that of explicit indefinites.’
    • ‘Tagalog allows other arguments to be subjects.’
  • 5archaic A summary of the subject matter of a book.

    theme, topic, subject matter
    View synonyms

Phrases

    for the sake of argument
    • As a basis for discussion or reasoning.

      ‘suppose, for the sake of argument, that this is the legal position’
      • ‘Let us suppose, just for the sake of argument, that some big-time editor reads a self-published novel and decides to offer the writer a two-book contract on the strength of it.’
      • ‘Suppose, however, for the sake of argument, that he lied.’
      • ‘Let us suppose, for the sake of argument, that this guard did in fact stop to think things over carefully.’
      • ‘The examples that follow are discussed simply for the sake of argument because they do not occur in Hebrew historiography.’
      • ‘Suppose for the sake of argument that the government controls the export of capital.’

Origin

Middle English (in the sense ‘process of reasoning’): via Old French from Latin argumentum, from arguere ‘make clear, prove, accuse’.

Pronunciation

argument

/ˈɑːɡjʊm(ə)nt/