Definition of artiodactyl in English:


Pronunciation /ˌärdēōˈdaktl/ /ˌɑrdioʊˈdæktl/


  • A mammal of the order Artiodactyla, such as a cow, sheep, camel, or pig.

    ‘The early Eocene is important for another reason: many orders of fossil mammals (especially primates, perissodactyls, artiodactyls, rabbits, whales, and bats) make their first appearances in the fossil record.’
    • ‘Marlin, sailfish, beaked whales and large artiodactyls and the recently discovered bipedal predatory dinosaur Suchomimus tenenerensis have neural spines that have broad anterior-to-posterior surfaces.’
    • ‘Previous paleontological and molecular evidence has indicated that cetaceans and artiodactyls constitute a natural clade within the subclass Eutheria.’
    • ‘Sirenians are members of the group known as subungulates, thought to be distantly related to hyraxes, elephants, and perhaps, artiodactyls and perissodactyls.’
    • ‘Unlike artiodactyls, perissodactyls either walk on three toes (like rhinos, tapirs, many extinct horses, and other extinct groups) or on a single toe (like recent horses).’


  • Relating to or denoting artiodactyls.