Definition of Artiodactyla in English:


plural noun

  • An order of mammals that comprises the even-toed ungulates.

    Compare with Perissodactyla

    ‘The two major groups of living hoofed mammals are the Artiodactyla, or cloven-hooved mammals; and the Perissodactyla, or odd-toed mammals.’
    • ‘Within the order can be found some of the fastest-running mammals, but the Artiodactyla also includes relatively slow and cumbersome species such as pigs and hippos.’
    • ‘Until recently, zoologists thought the membership list of the order Artiodactyla was limited to hoofed mammals with an even number of toes: camels, cows, deer, giraffes, goats, hippopotamuses, pigs, sheep.’
    • ‘Experts agree that hippos belong to the mammalian order Artiodactyla, a group of even-toed, hoofed creatures whose extant representatives include camels, pigs and ruminants such as cows.’
    • ‘On the whole, the hedgehog appeared to evolve at a rate not significantly different from those of Primates, Proboscidea, and Rodentia but faster than those of Carnivora, Perissodactyla, and Artiodactyla.’



/ˌärdēōˈdaktlə/ /ˌɑrdioʊˈdæktlə/


Modern Latin (plural), from Greek artios ‘even’ + daktulos ‘finger, toe’.