Definition of asthma in English:


Pronunciation /ˈazmə/ /ˈæzmə/


  • A respiratory condition marked by spasms in the bronchi of the lungs, causing difficulty in breathing. It usually results from an allergic reaction or other forms of hypersensitivity.

    • ‘The fungi can also worsen the symptoms of asthma and cause allergic sinusitis.’
    • ‘Members suffer from illnesses such as cancer, heart disease, diabetes and asthma.’
    • ‘If you have allergic asthma, you or other family members may well also suffer from eczema or hay fever.’
    • ‘Atopic eczema is the most common type of eczema and is linked with hay fever and asthma.’
    • ‘This means it is very bad for people with respiratory problems such as bronchitis and asthma.’
    • ‘Vaccinating children with asthma against influenza has never really caught on.’
    • ‘Patients with chronic diseases like asthma and diabetes were not regularly monitored.’
    • ‘It also focuses on major health issues like heart disease, asthma and diabetes.’
    • ‘Beta blockers are not suitable for people with respiratory problems such as asthma.’
    • ‘When a person has asthma, an attack can be started by a number of different things.’
    • ‘Our data may shed light on the role of diet in the allergy and asthma epidemic.’
    • ‘People who breathe in the fine pollen may have an asthma or hay fever attack as a result.’
    • ‘This deserves investigation as a clue to early developmental influences on asthma.’
    • ‘Treatments aim to reduce the frequency, severity and length of asthma attacks.’
    • ‘In both generations the prevalence of asthma was higher in participants with hay fever.’
    • ‘Children diagnosed as asthmatic were more likely to have a family history of asthma.’
    • ‘It has been noted that guide dogs working in towns breathe the same pollutants as humans yet do not have asthma.’
    • ‘It is not suitable for people who have a history of stomach ulcers, or for some people with asthma.’
    • ‘Both parents have asthma, and his mother is worried that he too might have asthma.’
    • ‘The causes of asthma are not fully known but it is partly an allergic condition.’


Late Middle English from medieval Latin asma, from Greek asthma, from azein ‘breathe hard’.



/ˈazmə/ /ˈæzmə/