Definition of barley in English:


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  • 1A hardy cereal that has coarse bristles extending from the ears. It is widely cultivated, chiefly for use in brewing and stockfeed.

    Genus Hordeum, family Gramineae

    ‘He was listed among the first four pioneers in barley breeding and tested barleys of hybrid origin as early as 1904, but none attained release.’
    • ‘‘Winter barleys are in the ground in time to take advantage of moisture from fall rains, winter snowpack, and early spring rainstorms,’ he explains.’
    • ‘With the first winter barleys cut at the weekend in the Vale of York, harvest has come with a rush and, strangely, this season we are ahead of many of our southern brethren.’
    • ‘Villagers engage in animal husbandry and cultivate wheat, barley, and sugar beets.’
    • ‘Villagers cultivate maize, wheat and barley on verdant hillside terraces buttressed by stone escarpments.’
    • ‘Food was seen as a sun-product, of which the cereals wheat and barley were the sacred, life-giving staples.’
    • ‘Farmers may be forced to change from barley and wheat to maize as warming continues.’
    • ‘Domesticates included herded sheep and goats together with hulled barley, and emmer and einkorn wheat.’
    • ‘For example, wolves were bred into dogs, and wild grasses were bred into wheat, rye, oats and barley.’
    • ‘Wild crops such as wheat and barley began to be cultivated, and wild animals such as sheep and goats were tamed and then domesticated.’
    • ‘The inhabitants practised mixed farming, raising cattle and pigs and cultivating wheat and barley.’
    • ‘Now the main income is generated by a simplified system of wheat, barley, oilseed rape and sugar beet.’
    • ‘He said yields and quality for the major cereal crops of winter wheat and spring barley are above expectation.’
    • ‘Seeds of wheat and barley were also found, providing evidence of crop cultivation.’
    • ‘Farmers switched to more productive crops, with a decline in the acreage of rye and a rise in wheat and barley.’
    • ‘Mr Meikle farms 130 hectares devoted to sugar beet, salad onions, dwarf beans, barley and wheat.’
    • ‘The laighe was used extensively in Ireland to prepare land to grow oats, barley and potatoes.’
    • ‘There are some crops not cut, a lot of barley, some oats and one of two pieces of wheat are still out.’
    • ‘Large amounts of maize, sugar beet and barley will fail unless there is a dramatic change in the weather.’
    • ‘The birds found little food on the refuge and quickly moved on to the nearby fields of barley and wheat.’
    1. 1.1The grain of the barley plant.
      See also pearl barley
      ‘We take our water and mix it with malted barley or grain to make a drink called whisky.’
      • ‘In Korea, while rice is the staple grain, barley is consumed in between the rice production seasons.’
      • ‘The staple food of Tibet, tsampa, is toasted barley ground to a flour.’
      • ‘One can substitute or mix different grains such as barley for arthritis and cancer.’
      • ‘The actual grains of barley floated level with the brim, and reeds of various lengths but without nodes were in the bowls.’
      • ‘You can all brewed hops and barley and malt beer, but they certainly don't taste or look the same.’
      • ‘Roasty aromas come from roasted grains, such as the unmalted barley used in an Irish stout.’
      • ‘Beer can range from light ales to dark stouts depending on the proportions of malt and barley.’
      • ‘Beer is produced by fermenting water in which malted barley has been steeped.’
      • ‘However, over the total tract, digestibility was substantially greater for each component and not different among hull-less barleys and wheat.’
      • ‘In 1364 a more diversified cargo of wheat, barley, beans, peas and ale was sent to Holland.’
      • ‘All real ales are brewed from malted barley, hops, yeast and water although other ingredients can be used as well.’
      • ‘Called Summer Ale, it is brewed from specially malted barley and Continental Styrian Golding hops.’
      • ‘I asked Sidroc what it was and he said it was made from oats mixed with barley.’
      • ‘Put the oil in a large, heavy saucepan with the onion, leek, garlic and barley.’
      • ‘Gaettok is a pie-shaped cake made of the hulls of grain, such as rice, barley and millet.’
      • ‘It is made from a mash of malted and un-malted barley with some wheat, rye and oats.’
      • ‘Feedlot cattle eagerly trot to the bunk to chow down on a ration made with wheat or barley instead of corn.’
      • ‘High producing dairy herds are feeding equal parts maize meal, barley and wheat.’
      • ‘I am now unable to eat anything that contains wheat, rye, barley, or oats.’



/ˈbärlē/ /ˈbɑrli/


Old English bærlic (adjective), from bære, bere ‘barley’ + -lic (see -ly).