Definition of belladonna in English:

belladonna

noun

  • 1Deadly nightshade.

    • ‘Derivatives of plant leaves, flowers, stems, berries, fruits and roots account for about half of those available including some of the better known - arnica and belladonna.’
    • ‘Two of the most popular and better known are arnica and belladonna.’
    • ‘You don't have much of your hour left to find some belladonna.’
    • ‘I have no idea what the effects of these poisonous plants would be if ingested, although I seem to recall that belladonna has hallucinogenic properties.’
    • ‘Flying ointment made from mugwort in a carrier oil may be safer, but it is not just as good as one made from hemlock, belladonna, and other baneful herbs carefully mixed and applied.’
    • ‘A discussion of botanicals such as chaparral, lobelia, wormwood, belladonna, and kava is provided from the point of view of experienced clinicians.’
    • ‘This species also includes tobacco, poisonous belladonna, and the toxic plants herbane, mandrake, and jimson weeds.’
    1. 1.1mass noun A drug prepared from the leaves and root of deadly nightshade, containing atropine.
      • ‘The most common ingredients prescribed were iodides, organic nitrites, stramonium, belladonna, atropine, hyoscyamus, tobacco smoke, and menthol.’
      • ‘Although a small benefit has been found from the combination of belladonna and phenobarbital, concern over adverse effects and possible addiction problems has limited its use.’
      • ‘By the late eighteenth century William Heberden was recommending cold baths and blisters ‘applied to the loins' and belladonna was later used as a cure.’
      • ‘Some women used belladonna to pale their complexions to a ghostly pallor but Antonia's mother had forbidden this, fearing her daughter's health.’
      • ‘Medicines like silver nitrate, belladonna, chalk powder and peppermint water were used extensively.’
      • ‘And the sweet-shop that had been a pharmacy, so that jars of humbugs stood next to jars of belladonna.’
      • ‘Homeopathic remedies which can help include allium for streaming eyes and a raw nose, belladonna for a cold which comes with a high temperature and a great thirst, and pulsatilla if you're bothered by thick yellow mucus.’
      • ‘It deserves notice that he experimented with the most boasted substances - cinchona, aconite, mercury, bryonia, belladonna.’
      • ‘Some members of this family are historically notorious such as belladonna, now used for treating asthma, and the nightshades.’
      • ‘Take belladonna exactly as directed by your doctor’
      • ‘You may not be able to take belladonna, or you may require a lower dose or special monitoring during treatment if you have any of the conditions listed above.’
      • ‘And belladonna in higher doses is poisonous, and was employed by poisoners over the centuries.’

Origin

Mid 18th century from modern Latin, from Italian bella donna ‘fair lady’, perhaps from the use of its juice to add brilliance to the eyes by dilating the pupils.

Pronunciation

belladonna

/ˌbɛləˈdɒnə/