Definition of betoken in English:


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transitive verb

[with object]
  • 1 literary Be a sign of; indicate.

    ‘she wondered if his cold, level gaze betokened indifference or anger’
    • ‘The reluctance to wave the big stick at employers does not betoken EU indifference.’
    • ‘The forfeiture occurred March 27, 2002, when, in a private act betokening an uneasy conscience, he signed the McCain-Feingold law expanding government regulation of the timing, quantity and content of political speech.’
    • ‘If, between the two, an outline faintly emerges of something betokening a system - implied through the press-release fog - then we shall have something to test against and compare with other documented cases affecting films.’
    • ‘His narrow, gimlet gaze, on the other hand, betokens a man of limited mind and sympathies.’
    • ‘The body is the sign not of sublime animation betokening inspiration, and thus of legitimating truth and divine authenticity, but a means of emptying truth from the image.’
    • ‘These geometric forms, however, could betoken the patron rather than the designer, especially for an audience less familiar with the arts and their leading representatives.’
    • ‘As the lawyers say, ‘Silence betokens consent.’’
    • ‘This dazzling conceit betokens the director's fascination with surface, a fascination which, on closer examination, reveals infinite depths of feeling.’
    • ‘Far from it: it betokens a sense of self-reliance, of a recognition of the need to husband one's resources against a rainy day, of expecting the worst.’
    • ‘Since you can give yourself one by walking in to a door, it hardly betokens animal savagery.’
    • ‘His oeuvre is rich and deep, betokening a talent reaching beyond chart-toppers, as most anyone familiar with his music can attest.’
    • ‘And it would be fair to surmise that her decision not to seek a second term betokened a certain frustration.’
    • ‘Such desperate expressions of Scottishness could be laughable, but they betokened a serious condition.’
    • ‘Celebrating our national spirit on our patron saint's day, such awards clearly cannot do justice to the myriad, often unsung acts of ingenuity, endeavour or sheer on-the-street decency which betoken the progress of a people.’
    • ‘It is just as true that the endless portrayals of the life of Christ in medieval art, as well as acting as one of the main forms of religious instruction, betoken an obsessive desire to grasp the essence of the God-man.’
    • ‘But they betoken something that I believe has very ominous implications.’
    • ‘Only after a decade or more does one begin to see the tower cranes which betoken new construction in the sky near the motorway junctions.’
    • ‘Huge white paw prints on the ground do not betoken the menace that might be expected.’
    • ‘Doth that betoken its issue was with us getting a druye olders at all?’
    • ‘In another paradox, man will become stronger after his ‘overthrow’ by God, and more capable of full love and devotion to God; however, a call for such violence already betokens a certain hardiness of spirit.’
    mean, denote, designate, represent, symbolize, stand for, correspond to, be equivalent to, imply
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    1. 1.1Be a warning or indication of (a future event)
      ‘the falling comet betokened the true end of Merlin's powers’
      • ‘Does this betoken a sea change Irish political tastes since the birth of the tiger?’
      • ‘Whether this betokens a change in the author's views or merely proves his ability to ride two different horses at once, we cannot tell.’
      • ‘Nonetheless, they betokened a major transformation in the history of religion and society in America, and my organization was ill-suited to do much other than complain about it.’
      • ‘Despite all the resistance and foot dragging, Vatican II betokened change, sometimes very colorfully.’
      • ‘Does it betoken death (as with Miss Marchmont) or a terrifying brush with death (as with Lucy)?’
      • ‘If the deformations betoken imminent disaster, alarms will be sounded.’
      • ‘That instability, in turn, may betoken some profound change on the horizon.’
      • ‘This decay must betoken the doom of modern civilisation as it did that of Rome and Greece, unless some new moral or physical factors arise to defeat it.’
      • ‘The assertion by US officials that Friday's air strikes were ‘routine’ actions, far from indicating a policy of moderation, betokens a more aggressively militaristic posture.’
      • ‘Could it be that the this turning of the greatest of the beasts of structure, corporations, could betoken an even more significant change?’
      • ‘Having lost these things they content themselves with artificial programs and imagine that increasing numbers betoken God's continued favour.’
      • ‘A peaceful death betokened a serene conscience, a life well lived.’
      • ‘If there are no angels in the sky announcing the birth of a saviour, that cave still betokens a Christmas and there's a search and rescue party keeping vigil near the child.’
      • ‘Underlying it all is the threat of being melted down - which, at one despairing point, Jacie herself desires - and the androids' lack of sexual organs and what this betokens for our lovers' future.’
      • ‘Her victory betokens again our changed needs and tastes.’
      • ‘In the minds of local farmers, the peony tree to some extent is a god, and the great number of its flowers betoken that year's foison.’
      • ‘Does all this betoken a possibly lethal sickness in the west?’
      • ‘‘Although the term ‘purposive construction’ is not new, its entry into fashion betokens a swing by the appellate courts away from literal construction.’
      • ‘The pipe-shattering rap, of course, betokens the arrival of the man midwife (much beslopped, as it will appear, from having fallen in the stable-yard, just outside the house).’
      • ‘Every coincidence of taste and preference betokens happy times ahead.’
      indicate, be an indication of, signify, be a sign of, be evidence of, evidence, manifest, mean, denote, represent, show, demonstrate, bespeak
      presage, portend, augur, be an omen of, be a sign of, be a warning of, warn of, bode, foreshadow, foretell, prophesy, be a harbinger of, herald
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/bəˈtōk(ə)n/ /bəˈtoʊk(ə)n/


Old English betācnian, from be- (as an intensifier) + tācnian ‘signify’, of Germanic origin; related to token.