Definition of biofouling in English:


Pronunciation /ˈbīōˌfouliNG/ /ˈbaɪoʊˌfaʊlɪŋ/


  • The fouling of pipes and underwater surfaces by organisms such as barnacles and algae.

    ‘An understanding of the nature of the zoospore adhesive and the mechanism of its adhesion may provide clues for the prevention of the destructive biofouling that characterizes this organism.’
    • ‘Thus, in contrast to biofouling organisms, settlement and metamorphosis are probably not tightly coupled, as megalopae can move between sites before metamorphosis.’
    • ‘In most biofouling organisms, settlement and metamorphosis are so tightly coupled that there is some debate as to whether they are actually separate processes.’
    • ‘Antonia Kesel and Ralph Liedert, at the University of Applied Sciences in Bremen, Germany, has created an artificial sharkskin that mimics natural sharkskin's innate resistance to biofouling.’
    • ‘They have excellent resistance to seawater corrosion and biofouling, but are susceptible to erosion-corrosion at high water velocities.’
    • ‘The two organisms used in the present study represent the two most common forms of algal biofouling in the marine environment.’
    • ‘So what is biofouling, and what makes it such a tricky - and widespread - problem?’
    • ‘Liedert's synthetic version mimics this composition with silicone, in hopes that the scale structure is what gives sharks their biofouling defense.’