Main definitions of bougie in English

: bougie1bougie2

bougie1

nounbougies

Medicine
  • A thin, flexible surgical instrument for exploring or dilating a passage of the body.

    • ‘Patients are placed under local or general anesthesia and the stricture is dilated using a flexible gastroscope and Savary bougies.’
    • ‘A rigid bronchoscopy was performed under general anaesthesia, and the trachea was serially dilated with bougies until it was large enough to accommodate a 6.5 mm uncuffed tracheal tube.’
    • ‘In the past, surgeons used a rectal bougie to identify the rectum; however, this instrument no longer is used routinely.’
    • ‘In perioperative and gastroenterology settings, nurses can lobby to replace mercury-containing bougies.’
    • ‘The use of bougies to remedy dysphagia caused by oesophageal stricture has been a standard treatment for centuries.’
    • ‘In practice, I try to present myself as a resource they can use, for example using a bougie at a difficult intubation, where their protocols do not allow them such, or using ketorolac (unavailable to paramedics) for analgesia.’
    • ‘After the diverticulum is removed or suspended, the anesthesia care provider removes the bougie.’
    • ‘Bougienage was defined as advancement of a bougie dilator from the mouth to the stomach in an upright, nonsedated patient.’
    • ‘The anesthesia care provider removed the bougie dilator.’
    • ‘Foreign bodies lodged in the esophagus should be removed endoscopically, but some small, blunt objects may be pulled out using a Foley catheter or bougie.’
    • ‘Staining was present on many of the other instruments they examined as well, including four of five bougie tips and three of five Magill forceps.’
    • ‘The anesthesia care provider takes special care to ensure the removal of all esophageal tubes during insertion of sizing tubes, such as bougie dilators.’

Origin

Mid 18th century from French, literally ‘wax candle’, from ArabicBijāya, an Algerian town which traded in wax.

Pronunciation

bougie

/ˈbuːʒi/

Main definitions of bougie in English

: bougie1bougie2

bougie2

(also bourgie)

adjective

informal, derogatoryUS
  • Exhibiting qualities attributed to the middle class, especially pretentiousness or conventionality.

    ‘the candlelit cocktail party was pretty bougie’

Origin

1960s (originally in African-American usage): from bourgeois.

Pronunciation

bougie

/ˈbuːʒi/