Definition of bruise in English:


Pronunciation /bro͞oz/ /bruz/

See synonyms for bruise

Translate bruise into Spanish


  • 1An injury appearing as an area of discolored skin on the body, caused by a blow or impact rupturing underlying blood vessels.

    ‘his body was a mass of bruises after he had been attacked’
    • ‘A post-mortem examination found she had died of multiple injuries but had pre-existing bruises on her body.’
    • ‘I felt my skin cut and tear and massive bruises appear on my skin as the savage battle of stability continued.’
    • ‘Of course McReady and Smith went right to work, checking over every part of her body, looking for bruises, and other lesion on the skin.’
    • ‘No critical injuries, maybe some bruises and a bump on the head.’
    • ‘He was kicked in the head and had to be taken to hospital by ambulance with a broken jaw and cheek bone, along with a black eye and multiple bruises to his upper body.’
    • ‘‘My son has come home with black eyes and bruises on his body,’ he said.’
    • ‘The man who once chased visiting Edinburgh and Glasgow players back to their soft city enclaves with bumps and bruises all over their bodies is now a poet.’
    • ‘Suddenly, as if they had been painted on, a series of painful looking bruises and bumps appeared out of nowhere, all over his body.’
    • ‘Four men died and seven other people were hospitalized for treatment of bumps, bruises and head injuries.’
    • ‘Mom would have bumps and bruises all over her body the next day.’
    • ‘The circulating nurse performs a systems assessment, noting skin rashes, bruises, and lesions.’
    • ‘Thomas had followed his father's gaze and looking down he could see the number of swellings and bruises grazing his body.’
    • ‘It worked, but now, he was pretty sure he had a bruised rib and bruises all over his body that would take weeks to heal.’
    • ‘For treating traumatic bruises and injuries, it is combined with other herbs in a liniment, and also taken internally.’
    • ‘Apart from the brain injuries there are a number of bruises on the body.’
    • ‘He lazily got up and stretched, his soft skin unmarked by bruises or scarring.’
    • ‘She had goose bumps all over her body and a bruise on her arm.’
    • ‘They suffered bruises and injuries to their heads.’
    • ‘But Cotton confirmed no officers received bruises or injuries.’
    • ‘I feel the coldness once again come over me, then I feel the pain from the countless bruises over my body, and the bleeding from my head.’
    contusion, lesion, mark, injury, black-and-blue mark, skin discoloration, blackening
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    1. 1.1A mark indicating an area of damage on a fruit, vegetable, or plant.
      ‘Ian took it from her and examined it, as if he were checking fruit for bruises.’
      • ‘She picked up a purple fruit to find a bruise near the stem.’
      • ‘Inspect for bruises that will mar the fruit as it dries.’
      blemish, streak, spot, fleck, dot, blot, stain, smear, trace, speck, speckle, blotch, smudge, smut, smirch, fingermark, fingerprint, impression, imprint
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transitive verb

[with object]
  • 1Inflict a bruise or bruises on (a part of the body)

    • ‘I fell and bruised my knee’
    contuse, injure, mark, make black and blue, discolour, blacken, hurt
    mark, discolour, blemish
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    1. 1.1Cause a bruise or bruises to appear on (a fruit, vegetable, or plant)
      • ‘the fall bruised several of the ripest bananas’
    2. 1.2no object Be susceptible to bruising.
      • ‘potatoes bruise easily, so treat them with care’
    3. 1.3Hurt (someone's feelings)
      • ‘I will admit that my pride was bruised by his comment’
      upset, offend, insult, affront, hurt, wound, pain, injure, crush, displease, peeve, vex, distress, grieve
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  • 2Crush or pound (food)

    • ‘add the beans, tomatoes, and lime wedges and roughly bruise with the pestle’


Old English brȳsan ‘crush or injure with a blow’, reinforced in Middle English by Old French bruisier ‘break’.