Definition of carbocation in English:

carbocation

noun

Chemistry
another term for carbonium ion
  • ‘Some examples of positively charged electrophiles are the hydronium ion, nitronium ions, metal ions, and carbocations.’
  • ‘All carbocations are strong alkylating agents with a high affinity for groups which donate or share their electrons, such as halide ions, hydroxyl anions and amines.’
  • ‘The resulting esters generate carbocations that react with DNA.’
  • ‘The methyl carbocation, CH 3 + is the least stable carbocation.’
  • ‘Therefore, all such red-shifted pigments are believed to be highly delocalized, bond-equalized carbocations.’

Origin

1950s from carbo-+ cation.

Pronunciation

carbocation

/ˌkɑːbə(ʊ)ˈkatʌɪən/