Definition of carob in English:



  • 1mass noun A brown floury powder extracted from the carob bean, used as a substitute for chocolate.

    • ‘Fortunately the redoubtable Ms. Hillary is not diabetic, as chocolates are high on the prohibited list, as are the so-called ‘diabetic’ chocolates or the chocolate substitute carob.’
    • ‘Add extras such as carob or malted milk powder to impart a gourmet flavor to your concoctions.’
    • ‘One brand of homemade ice-cream has chunks of salt and carob instead of proper chocolate.’
    • ‘Honey and fresh fruit are ok in small amounts and carob not chocolate, also soy yoghurt not ice cream.’
    • ‘I have heard that carob is a healthy substitute for chocolate.’
    • ‘Or give out individually wrapped cookies and candies made with carob instead of chocolate and sweetened with fruit juice rather than refined sugar.’
    • ‘Hand-made from natural ingredients, treat flavours include peanut butter, liver, honey and vanilla and carob.’
    • ‘And, save for hard, stale cookies and bars in health food stores, carob was scarce outside my own kitchen.’
    • ‘All over the two islands, locals sell honey and carob and jam jars full of capers.’
    • ‘This herbal coffee is made from a blend of herbs, grains, fruits and nuts like chicory root, roasted carob and figs.’
  • 2

    (also carob tree)
    A small evergreen Arabian tree which bears long brownish-purple edible pods.

    Ceratonia siliqua, family Leguminosae

    • ‘To save his life, the rabbi withdrew with his son to a cave in Galilee where, miraculously, a carob tree grew and a water well appeared, so that he never lacked for food or water.’
    • ‘And when you taste the final product in the form of a carob cake, you'll have no doubt the humble carob tree has a great future!’
    • ‘His glaze was equally complex and equally secret, and he took both recipes to his grave when he hung himself from a carob tree in 1786.’
    • ‘The word ‘carat’ comes from the carob tree whose seed was used for centuries as the standard for weighing precious stones.’
    • ‘In the carob tree, Ceratonia siliqua, for example, stomata are found not only in normal location in leaves but also in the seedling root.’
    • ‘Danny wasn't much noticed standing against a large carob tree in his long black coat.’
    • ‘This area belongs to the carob tree forest.’
    • ‘Ceratonia siliqua (the carob or locust tree) is native to the eastern Mediterranean basin.’
    • ‘The cork oaks, olive and carob trees in the foothills and serras are evergreens.’
    • ‘The island appears barren and yellow in the long summertime and greener in the winter, with carob and olive trees along with pine forests on the mountains.’
    • ‘The locust trees are also broadly similar to the carob.’
    • ‘After lunch beneath the pines and a rest in the shade of an old carob, I headed on to Loutro, keen to make this gem of the south coast well before sundown.’
    • ‘There are these trees surrounding the parking lot - big carob trees, Ceratonia siliqua - and in the Fall their fruit drops and starts to rot.’
    • ‘George and Sue Matchett have been growing carob trees on their property at Woorree, on the outskirts of Geraldton, for the past 14 years.’
    • ‘There's 30,000 carob trees, seedlings and root stock at Limestone Station near Silverton.’
    • ‘Water less-thirsty trees (Arbutus ‘Marina’, carob, Chinese pistache) about once a month or so.’
    1. 2.1The edible pod of the carob tree.
      Also called "locust bean"
      • ‘Gem dealers used to balance their scales with carob beans because these beans all have the same weight.’
      • ‘The carob beans used here come from a row of trees planted in the 1960s by a farmer in the Hawkes Bay.’
      • ‘Other Cretan agricultural products are carob beans, fava, mountain tea, broad beans, oregano and flax.’
      • ‘By 1500, Latin alchemists, still using carob beans as a basic unit of weight, measured things by the carratus.’
      • ‘It also produces cereals, carob beans, almonds and apricots, which are very good buys in the local market.’
      • ‘At one time, carob beans were a major export for Cyprus, sold all over the world as a substitute for chocolate.’
      • ‘In the early sixteenth century, Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca compared them to carob beans and described how Texas Natives ate them ground into a meal.’
      • ‘Firstly, the information on carob bean and its uses and potential is valuable as it is a crop with very real potential for Australia.’
      • ‘Ancient Greeks noticed that all carob beans were usually the same size and weight, and started using them as a unit of measure for weighing gems and gold.’
      • ‘The pulp of the carob bean is selected and calibrated for later processing.’
      • ‘The carob tree has fruit called carob beans which are mostly identical in size.’
      • ‘The company is a grower and processor of carob beans into carob flavour products.’
      • ‘Well, I once spent several hours in a boring conference collecting carob bean seeds from the courtyard, brought them back to the US, weighed each one carefully and discovered what every merchant knew.’
      • ‘It is also commonly referred to as St. John's bread, carob beans or bokser.’
      • ‘All carob beans, the fruit of the Locust tree, were extremely similar in weight.’
      • ‘Our friend stands underneath the tree looking eagerly up at the carob beans.’
      • ‘This is achieved through a process of drying, grinding and roasting the carob beans.’
      • ‘A quick check of sour creams at the local supermarket shows that some brands contain the additive carob bean gum, a gum used as a stabilizer made from tannin - rich carob beans.’
      • ‘Carob beans are the origin of the term ‘carat’, unit of weight for gemstones (due to an odd quirk of all carob beans being the same size).’
      • ‘Most people will associate carob with a popular alternative to chocolate, yet it would seem to be more of a ‘wonderbean'.’


Late Middle English (denoting the carob bean): from Old French carobe, from medieval Latin carrubia, from Arabic ḵarrūba.