Definition of catalyze in English:

catalyze

(British catalyse)

Pronunciation /ˈkadlˌīz/ /ˈkædlˌaɪz/

transitive verb

[with object]
  • 1Cause or accelerate (a reaction) by acting as a catalyst.

    ‘the enzyme catalyzes the oxidation of acetaldehyde’
    • ‘This reaction is catalyzed by the enzyme citrate synthase.’
    • ‘In both cases the nitric oxide is produced by a reaction from a chemical called L-arginine. The chemical reaction is catalysed by an enzyme called nitric oxide synthase.’
    • ‘However, studies have shown that lead, like other heavy metals, inactivates enzymes (proteins that catalyze biochemical reactions).’
    • ‘This reaction is catalyzed by the enzyme hexokinase.’
    • ‘This view has been strengthened by the discovery that some forms of RNA, called ribozymes, can act like non-protein enzymes to catalyze biological reactions.’
    • ‘Enzymes catalyze reactions by interacting with and stabilizing the transition state so that the chemical reaction requires a much gentler push to clear the activation barrier.’
    • ‘This reaction is catalysed by the enzyme DNA methyltransferase.’
    • ‘DNA contains all the information needed to manufacture proteins, and some of these proteins catalyse the reactions that the cell needs to live and replicate.’
    • ‘The enzymes that catalyze the chemical reactions that keep the cells alive function most efficiently over a limited range of body temperatures.’
    • ‘The function of enzymes is to catalyse the chemical reactions upon which the functioning of the organism depends.’
    • ‘The enzyme dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase, with FAD + as a cofactor, catalyzes that oxidation reaction.’
    • ‘The ability of enzymes, at low concentrations, to catalyze specific reactions is enough to make any chemist envious.’
    • ‘Enzymes tend to be more active, i.e., they catalyze reactions faster, than synthetic catalysts at ambient temperatures.’
    • ‘Copper is usually utilized in organisms as a cofactor in enzymes or electron transfer proteins that catalyze redox reactions or oxygen chemistry.’
    • ‘A major category of applications is the use of enzymes to catalyze complex reactions for which there are no conventional catalysts.’
    • ‘Finally, the singlestrand religation reaction catalyzed by the enzyme is decreased, resulting in a stabilized covalent protein-DNA complex.’
    • ‘Allozymes are catalytic RNA- or DNA-based molecules whose ability to catalyze a reaction is modulated by their interaction with an effector molecule.’
    • ‘It can store genetic information, as DNA does, but it can also adopt complex three-dimensional shapes and catalyze chemical reactions on itself, as proteins do.’
    • ‘The enzyme catalyzing this reaction is phosphohexose isomerase (also known as phosphoglucose isomerase).’
    • ‘The enzyme catalyzing this reaction is known as ferrochelatase.’
    1. 1.1Cause (an action or process) to begin.
      ‘the tragic event helped to catalyze the already growing popular anger’
      • ‘Water is a major issue that can catalyze the peace process or inhibit it.’
      • ‘In doing so, she catalyses a process of reconnection and healing where there had previously been tight-lipped repression.’
      • ‘Calling in the IMF will do nothing more than catalyse this process, given the Fund's past form in this area.’
      • ‘The development of new techniques and procedures have catalysed the growth of this field by expanding the abilities of researchers to study life at the molecular level.’
      • ‘For reasons already noted, irrigation infrastructure such as dams and channels has been built, and maintained largely by governments to catalyse growth in agriculture and rural communities.’
      • ‘These siRNAs are incorporated into a ribonucleoprotein complex known as the RNA-induced silencing complex, which targets homologous transcripts, catalyzing their degradation.’
      • ‘In this brand of discipleship, serious study is not separated from practical experience-both are seen as catalyzing growth through continual dialogue with one another.’
      • ‘The centerpiece of this presentation is a particular instance of the interaction of tradition and innovation catalyzed by culture, drawn from my life and research among Anglicans and other Christians in Zimbabwe.’
      • ‘This catalyzed the retrieval of these women as theologians-not simply as saints honored for their piety or mystics gazed upon with curiosity.’
      • ‘‘As we have learned from our city's great parks,’ he said, ‘public spaces create value and catalyze growth.’’
      • ‘Differences in competitive abilities between nestlings at hatching catalyze the development of dominance hierarchies within broods, which concentrate resource deprivation onto the lowest-ranking member.’
      • ‘Asteroid-sourced raw materials will enable and catalyze the development of an Earth-Moon space economy and humankind's expansion into the solar system.’
      • ‘Another objective of the Consortium is to catalyze the translation of new discoveries in cell migration to the development of novel therapeutic drugs and treatments.’
      • ‘In this section he illustrates the complex ways in which these very different kinds of riots combined to catalyze the growth of anti-slavery sentiment in the North.’
      • ‘As a key marginal producer of both oil and natural gas, Russia is now in an enviable position to catalyse this development.’
      • ‘Once each clump grew to about 500 metal atoms, the platinum catalyzed its own growth and formed large, branching sheets that spread over the surface of the liposomes.’
      • ‘The incident, which occurred about nine years ago, catalyzed me to begin teaching a series in 1997.’
      • ‘But, given the constraints on budget resources, public funds must be used strategically to catalyze private investments in infrastructure and support projects that are important but cannot attract private finance.’
      • ‘The transition to sustainable living or development can be catalysed by a change in thinking and shift in values.’
      • ‘The introduction of the Leeds and Leeds Canal in 1816 and the railway in 1848 catalysed the city's industrial growth.’

Origin

Late 19th century from catalysis, on the pattern of analyse.

Pronunciation

catalyze

/ˈkadlˌīz/ /ˈkædlˌaɪz/