Definition of chicane in English:

chicane

noun

  • 1A sharp double bend created to form an obstacle on a motor-racing track or a road.

    ‘the Austrian's car flew out of control and spun across the chicane’
    • ‘He also welcomed plans to stagger parking bays along the one-way road to create chicanes to slow vehicles.’
    • ‘The straights aren't so long that they place an absolute premium on outright power, while the chicanes and bumpy track surface demand good handling characteristics.’
    • ‘It's the same car, but it seems better suited to tracks where you have chicanes and heavy braking, like Imola.’
    • ‘Routes included woodland sections, hill climbs, obstacles, chicanes and slaloms across 1,000 metres to 2.5km courses.’
    • ‘They have just spent £60,000 of public money, plonking speed bumps and concrete chicanes on a country road where accidents were rare and dangerous speeding was nearly impossible.’
    • ‘People visiting the exhibition are being handed leaflets listing all the options open to the council, including chicanes, mini-roundabouts and road humps.’
    • ‘It is tough for the brakes, there are the chicanes where you need to be precise and the track surface is very slippery, so it is quite easy to make mistakes.’
    • ‘The rest of it was just more modern houses tacked onto the road, and heavy traffic trying to get through chicanes in the road.’
    • ‘In due course, traffic management became a village issue, acrimony flourished and, as the anti-speeders campaigned for road humps and chicanes, opposition hardened.’
    • ‘And that could lead to small-scale schemes, possibly road humps and chicanes, being built within the next 18 months on rat-running routes.’
    • ‘I truly hate traffic engineers along with the rest of you - all their road humps and chicanes and one-way systems getting between me and where I want to get to.’
    • ‘In the last eight months a bus stop has been built out into the road, chicanes have been installed, and anti-skid surfacing has been laid.’
    • ‘On the track, they became nothing more than obstacles, rolling chicanes that endangered up-to-speed drivers.’
    • ‘The combination of long straights, tight chicanes and hairpins is very demanding on the brakes.’
    • ‘There are some fast chicanes with quick changes of direction, there are slow hairpins and fast sweeping bends.’
    • ‘In the end the cars were going too fast, and so the straight was broken up with two chicanes.’
    • ‘We put them through a range of activities, such as chicanes and slaloms so they fully understood the limit of the vehicle.’
    • ‘It's just 10-15 seconds after braking at the two previous chicanes and the brakes are still hot.’
    • ‘These include barricades and vehicle chicanes and checkpoints outside the SECDET as well as internal defences.’
    • ‘It is a quick, undulating circuit with a series of demanding corners broken by chicanes.’
  • 2dated (in card games) a hand without cards of one particular suit; a void.

    ‘With an average hand containing a chicane, an ace, and some low trumps, lead the ace followed by a low card of the same suit.’
  • 3archaic mass noun The use of deception; chicanery.

verb

[no object]
  • 1archaic Employ chicanery.

    ‘he spends more time chicaning on texts than invoking principles’
    1. 1.1with object Deceive (someone)
      ‘several employees were chicaned into giving their login information’
      deceive, delude, hoodwink, mislead, take in, dupe, fool, double-cross, cheat, defraud, swindle, outwit, outmanoeuvre, catch out, gull, hoax, bamboozle, beguile

Origin

Late 17th century (in the senses ‘chicanery’ and ‘use chicanery’): from French chicane (noun), chicaner (verb) ‘quibble’, of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

chicane

/ʃɪˈkeɪn/