Main definitions of chlorite in English

: chlorite1chlorite2

chlorite1

Pronunciation /ˈklôrīt/ /ˈklɔraɪt/

noun

  • A dark green mineral consisting of a basic hydrated aluminosilicate of magnesium and iron. It occurs as a constituent of many metamorphic rocks, typically forming flat crystals resembling mica.

    ‘The clay minerals illite, chlorite and montmorillonite were identified within the palaeosols by X-ray diffraction.’
    • ‘These planes, referred to as slaty cleavage, are caused by the rearrangement of minerals such as mica, chlorite, and clay within the rock.’
    • ‘No metamorphic mineral growth, besides chlorite and white mica growth and quartz recrystallization, is found within the matrix of the melange, precluding burial to significant depths.’
    • ‘As the temperature of these solutions fell below 300 [degrees] C, clay minerals and chlorite were the first minerals to crystallize.’
    • ‘Secondary titanite, chlorite, white mica and pyrrhotite are abundant, and some samples contain metamorphic biotite.’

Origin

Late 18th century via Latin from Greek khlōritis, a green precious stone.

Main definitions of chlorite in English

: chlorite1chlorite2

chlorite2

Pronunciation /ˈklôrīt/ /ˈklɔraɪt/

noun

Chemistry
  • A salt of chlorous acid, containing the anion ClO₂⁻.

    ‘Furthermore, GAC filtration has been reported to efficiently remove chlorites.’
    • ‘Sodium chlorite, hypochlorite, perborate, and peroxide are used to bleach paper, cotton, and rayon.’
    • ‘Thus, perchlorate ion is a stronger oxidant than chlorate ion, followed by chlorite ion and hypochlorite ion.’

Origin

Mid 19th century from chlorine+ -ite.