The doctrine, principles, or practice of the clergy, or of a member of the clergy; frequently with modifying word denoting the quality or style of this. Also: the fact of being a member of the clergy; the position or office of a member of the clergy.
Frequently specifically with reference to the Church of England.
Late 17th century; earliest use found in Henry Maurice (?1647–1691), Church of England clergyman. From churchman + -ship.