Definition of classical in English:


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  • 1Relating to ancient Greek or Latin literature, art, or culture.

    ‘classical mythology’
    • ‘He teaches Greek and Latin at all levels, along with courses in classical mythology and Greek literature and culture.’
    • ‘However, there were other Church Fathers who defended the value of studying classical literature and philosophy.’
    • ‘But the balance in the secondary schools of Europe was overwhelmingly in favour of classical culture.’
    • ‘Throughout classical literature, the virtues of peace were extolled, and the evils of war denounced.’
    • ‘However, the corrosive effect of such exposure to classical culture must not be exaggerated.’
    • ‘Some chiefs probably visited Rome itself and thus had contact with classical culture.’
    • ‘It acted as a conduit for the recovery of much of the learning of classical culture.’
    • ‘The monks also kept alive classical culture and introduced the techniques of efficient and profitable land management.’
    • ‘His classicism is evident not only in his frequent quotations from classical literature, but often in his style.’
    • ‘Many cultures in the ancient and classical world built canals to extend the irrigation provided by rivers.’
    • ‘These too were part of the literary air he naturally breathed, and into his prose he would frequently work some turn of phrase taken from classical Latin literature.’
    • ‘Moreover, carrying on with the classical literary order was a means of mitigating the downturn in Roman affairs since the days of the ancients.’
    • ‘Painters of all styles and schools, from the most playful and sensual rococo to the most severely neoclassical, routinely took their subjects from classical mythology and history.’
    • ‘We take this foundation for granted, for the simple reason that the Greeks of the classical age seemed to have discovered so many things which today matter a great deal.’
    • ‘It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old.’
    • ‘As a young man, Erasmus believed that northern Europeans knew nothing of classical antiquity - his career sought to remedy this barbarism.’
    • ‘He used ancient, classical, and contemporary collections of travel narratives, which were closest in scholarly method to English antiquarianism.’
    • ‘These common readings reveal that a large population of Florence would have been able to understand the Christian, classical, and literary themes in art.’
    • ‘Diphtheria has probably existed since classical antiquity, but it was not identified as a specific disease until 1819.’
    • ‘Feasting can be either an inclusive or an exclusive activity, as we know from many sources from classical antiquity and modern ethnography.’
    ancient Greek, Grecian, Hellenic, Attic
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    1. 1.1(of art or architecture) influenced by ancient Greek or Roman forms or principles.
      ‘the classical house at Buscot Park’
      • ‘An educational program was set up, and promising youth were sent on government-sponsored tours of Europe to learn about classical art and architecture.’
      • ‘Here, his great palace imitated and even incorporated examples of late classical art and architecture.’
      • ‘I'd been traveling across Greece and Turkey with a small group of college students, studying Byzantine and classical art and architecture.’
      • ‘The building has a significant presence at the entrance to the campus and evokes the sense of order and balance characteristic of classical architecture.’
      • ‘During this time he arrived at his synthesis of forms inspired by such divergent sources as classical sculpture, folk art and popular theater.’
      • ‘An inclination toward classical art and, most likely, the residual Protestantism of her Canadian-Scottish heritage were also evident.’
      • ‘These grandly conceived spaces, together with the smaller ancillary rooms, constituted an extraordinary museum of classical art.’
      • ‘18th century artists and theorists were in a position to take a new look at classical art.’
      • ‘In An Allegory, for example, the composition invokes the sublime order of classical art.’
      • ‘The museum now plans to find a way to display the Heroon of Trysa; one of the major monuments of classical art, it remains in storage.’
      • ‘The irony is that the official programme is not particularly elitist, either in terms of classical art forms or cutting-edge postmodernism.’
      • ‘It is avowedly anti-modernist, employing the language of classical art and architecture to lure his audience in before hitting them with something unexpectedly punchy.’
      • ‘His asymmetries make the kind of gratifying sense that symmetry makes in classical art.’
      • ‘No better model will be found to illustrate the principles of classical interior architecture.’
      • ‘He teaches and writes regularly on classical architecture and design.’
      • ‘He has been inspired by the French tapestries of the medieval period, as well as classical architecture and exotic animals.’
      • ‘Her profile recalls Greek classical sculpture as well as fashion mannequins of the period.’
      • ‘When the military returned to power in 1976, it promoted classical art forms.’
      • ‘At the assembly, as also in other events, those in senior classes can perform only classical art forms and dramas.’
      • ‘It went to prove that if the classical art forms were losing out to modern times, the fault was with the audience and not with the art.’
      simple, pure, restrained, plain, austere
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  • 2(typically of a form of art) regarded as representing an exemplary standard; traditional and long-established in form or style.

    ‘a classical ballet’
    • ‘This piece is also the furthest from the traditional style of classical ballet and offers a good reflection of the state of contemporary ballet.’
    • ‘But one thing is clear: The mood is frivolous, with most designers steering clear of traditional and classical styles and opting instead for adventure.’
    • ‘It is within such a classical critical tradition of a crisis of ideology that the declining confrontations of labor and capital has brought more radical consequences.’
    • ‘I improvise and sing within the classical tradition.’
    • ‘His work - in the traditional, classical style of the sonata form - is so in structure, but not overtly so in its music.’
    • ‘A design vocabulary for high buildings was well established within the classical tradition.’
    • ‘The traditional repertoire of most classical dance styles is strongly based on the stories and characteristics surrounding divinity in Hinduism.’
    • ‘The album merges sounds and influences from East and West, and stretches the boundaries of musical experimentation by fusing traditional folk songs and classical styles with the popular.’
    • ‘But they were working within a classical philosophical tradition, reshaping it and making it modern.’
    • ‘The show is a massive concert featuring a variety of different dance styles including tap, classical ballet, modern jazz and national character.’
    • ‘In 1998 she started English Youth Ballet to give young dancers outside London an opportunity to perform classical ballet within a professional setting.’
    • ‘These are imaginary landscapes, but within the rich classical Western landscape tradition.’
    • ‘The play is a unique piece bringing together elements of Australian mythology and culture - a far cry from the traditional, classical European-based ballets.’
    • ‘The concert started in full-on classical style, before being broken up by a small foray into traditional Irish songs.’
    • ‘The traditional classical concert establishes a whole set of formal relationships before even a note has sounded.’
    • ‘In English, it has become synonymous with ballet danced in the grand classical style (think rows of identical ballerinas in white tutus).’
    • ‘They fall squarely within the tradition of classical word problems and are designed for use in a traditional calculus course.’
    • ‘This approach captures the essence of the classical liberal tradition concerning the rule of law and individualism, while avoiding some of its own ambiguities.’
    • ‘In 2005 an average of three concerts per month were held in the cathedral providing mainly classical and traditional Irish music.’
    • ‘The beauty center also provides foot massage and traditional Thai massage in a classical style of atmosphere.’
    traditional, long-established
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    1. 2.1Relating to the first significant period of an area of study.
      ‘classical mechanics’
      • ‘Within the field of religion or area studies, there is a difference between emphases in the classical or modern period.’
      • ‘Did you feel like you were coming in at the last moment of the classical Hollywood period?’
      • ‘As was common throughout the classical period of Indian mathematics, members of the family acted as teachers to other family members.’
      • ‘The classical period had matured and was ripe for the transition to the molecular era.’
      • ‘This is related to the fact that the period of classical cinema has ended.’
    2. 2.2Physics Relating to or based upon concepts and theories which preceded the theories of relativity and quantum mechanics; Newtonian.
      ‘classical physics’
      • ‘The second term you may recognize to be the kinetic energy of classical Newtonian physics.’
      • ‘Like all his contemporaries, Hawking was brought up, as a scientist, on the classical ideas of Newton and on relativity theory and quantum physics in their original forms.’
      • ‘Newton's Law of Gravitation was the beginning of classical field theory.’
      • ‘Experimental data was accumulating throughout Europe that could not be reconciled with the established formulae of Newtonian classical physics.’
      • ‘In classical relativity theory, space-time is a four-dimensional construction wherein the three dimensions of space and one dimension of time are welded together.’



/ˈklasək(ə)l/ /ˈklæsək(ə)l/



Late 16th century (in the sense ‘outstanding of its kind’): from Latin classicus ‘belonging to a class’ (see classic) + -al.