Definition of classical conditioning in English:

classical conditioning


  • A learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedly paired: a response which is at first elicited by the second stimulus is eventually elicited by the first stimulus alone.

    ‘Many of these studies seem to ignore what has traditionally been seen as a fundamental difference between two types of learning: classical conditioning and instrumental learning.’
    • ‘A process of classical conditioning results in these representations of moral transgressions becoming triggers for the mechanism.’
    • ‘The unconditioned stimulus in a classical conditioning experiment must occur before the reward for the stimulus-reward association to occur.’
    • ‘This caused them to learn a new association between the odor and the shock - a type of learning called classical conditioning.’
    • ‘Other investigators have searched the biological substrates of classical conditioning for insight into understanding symptomatic behaviour.’


classical conditioning

/ˈklasəkəl kənˈdiSH(ə)niNG/ /ˈklæsəkəl kənˈdɪʃ(ə)nɪŋ/