Definition of clathrate in English:

clathrate

Pronunciation /ˈklaTHrāt/ /ˈklæθreɪt/

noun

Chemistry
  • A compound in which molecules of one component are physically trapped within the crystal structure of another.

    ‘This creates cage structures called clathrates, which release gas on the tongue as the ice melts, producing a fizzy sensation in the mouth.’
    • ‘Technically they are clathrates (crystalline solids), similar to ice except that they are not of uniform molecular composition: part of their structure is provided by a ‘guest’ molecule.’
    • ‘Low-density clathrate structures have been observed and modeled at below-ambient pressures and temperatures.’
    • ‘Methane hydrates are not the only clathrates that can form in the deep ocean environment.’
    • ‘However, it is unclear how much natural gas is tied up in clathrates.’

Origin

1940s from Latin clathratus, from clathri ‘lattice bars’, from Greek klēthra.