Definition of commission in English:


See synonyms for commission

Translate commission into Spanish


(also comm.)
  • 1An instruction, command, or duty given to a person or group of people.

    ‘he received a commission to act as an informer’
    • ‘his commission to redesign the building’
    • ‘I may not have realised all the dreams and hopes I had in my youthful idealism, but I have Jesus and his commands and his commissions.’
    • ‘Unfortunately, he got drunk after receiving the sacred instruments of his commission and fell asleep by the roadside.’
    • ‘Before Murdoch sailed, Fisher, now the Australian prime minister, gave him an official commission to report on the progress of the Gallipoli campaign.’
    • ‘Izzet luxuriated in his roving midfield commission and City could have been two up in the first 10 minutes.’
    • ‘He sees opportunities in the corporate and hospitality market in which the firm has already undertaken commissions for events such as the Scottish Politician of the Year.’
    • ‘Phil Winskill undertakes commissions of all kinds, including repair and restoration.’
    • ‘A cowardly Jonah fled from God's commission to preach to the Ninevites.’
    • ‘Fletcher, along with the treacherous Terrill, is given a commission to hunt down Josey and Jamie.’
    • ‘During World War I, veterinarians won commissions to manage the large population of horses used by the military.’
    • ‘The pirate manages to convince King William III to give him a commission to guard a valuable treasure ship traveling to England.’
    task, employment, job, work, piece of work, project, mission, assignment, undertaking, exercise, enterprise, endeavour, solution
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1An order for something, especially a work of art, to be produced.
      ‘Mozart at last received a commission to write an opera’
      • ‘He moved to Paris in 1767, and after a couple of years had become so popular that he received regular commissions to write two or three operas a year for various theatres.’
      • ‘Equipped with an English degree and a dossier of poetry, she used to move in circles with short-story writers and poets until she stumbled on a commission to write her first play.’
      • ‘For her premiere commission, she ‘wrote what I knew about’, her experience of working in inner-city primary schools.’
      • ‘The first warning I got from Mil when I landed the commission to write my first book was ‘don't read your reviews.’’
      • ‘The Glasgow-based artist will travel with his dealer, Matthew Flowers, to Italy in June, where he will meet with Catholic officials to discuss the commission.’
      • ‘Shortly before Angela's death he took the Four Seasons commission, a major project.’
      • ‘Cumbria Country Council asked Goldsworthy to undertake a major landscape commission in 1996.’
      • ‘The Venetian government and the confraternities were the most significant patrons, and their commissions to Venetian artists created a Venetian stylistic tradition.’
      • ‘I have turned down four other commissions in order to do yours.’
      • ‘Here, then, Alberti is speaking to would-be patrons and laying the groundwork for enlightened and responsible artistic commissions.’
      • ‘His massive cycle of mass Propers, built round plainchant melodies, was composed partly in response to the Konstanz commission, partly for use by the imperial chapel choir.’
      • ‘His interpretation of Constructivism made him internationally famous, with commissions from all over the world.’
      • ‘In December 1894 Mucha became famous with a commission for a poster for the actress Sarah Bernard.’
      • ‘Since choreographing Underland in Sydney, Stephen has been undertaking commissions in Sweden, Denmark, France and England through to 2005.’
      • ‘This has given the company a solid base on which to expand - selling silver goods wholesale to some of Europe's most prestigious jewellers and undertaking all manner of commissions.’
      • ‘It was only after health problems five years ago that he took early retirement and began painting again, using his business contacts to get commissions.’
      • ‘As well as large and small private commissions, they undertake corporate projects, particularly the decoration of show homes.’
      • ‘He has done a small number of private commissions but has undertaken no major painting work.’
      • ‘Sutherland accepted a commission to paint a Crucifixion for a church in Northampton.’
      • ‘Le Corbusier, a staunch atheist, at first had refused to accept the commission to rebuild the chapel.’
      commission, purchase order, request, requisition, demand, call
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2A work produced in response to a commission.
      ‘in that year Zeuxis painted his most famous commission’
      • ‘The foundry was also responsible for many local commissions, including York's first gas lamps and the railings for St Leonard's Place.’
      • ‘The renowned sculptor Bob Allen, famous for commissions at Canary Wharf and of the late Queen Mother, will launch the event on Saturday with a private preview.’
      • ‘Later he worked as composer-in-residence at Glasgow's Tron Theatre, an invaluable experience as far as his later film commissions were concerned.’
      • ‘Local painter Fiona Curran has her own website detailing all her latest commissions, projects and CV.’
      • ‘Fix, the product of this prestigious commission, will be performed at New Moves, the Glasgow-based international choreography festival.’
      • ‘While a variety of moulds are available, new ones are often made as special one-off commissions if requested.’
      • ‘The shows on offer include seven world premieres and five new special commissions, as well as various eye-catching and imaginative ventures on the visual arts front.’
      • ‘The firm, which specialises in bespoke commissions in stainless steel and solid timber, will celebrate its first birthday in June.’
      • ‘He believes the 6ft 6in painting was a special commission by the Levy family, probably wealthy members of the Jewish community in Leeds.’
      • ‘Original dark wood panelling and elaborate cornicing are complemented by a patchwork-style velvet bedspread - an original commission by artist Jo Stewart.’
      • ‘An integral part of the redevelopment is an impressive series of site-specific art commissions by contemporary artists.’
      • ‘Recent repertoire has included works by resident choreographer Myers, as well as choreography and commissions by artists Miller, King, and others.’
    3. 1.3 archaic The authority to perform a task or certain duties.
      ‘the divine Commission of Christ’
      • ‘The active duty officer has a solemn professional responsibility based on his oath of office and commission for the official tasks he undertakes.’
      • ‘It is essential that we start this project with clearly defined commission.’
      • ‘What we also found was that at the same time Mr Smith was in the employ and commission of the fishery company.’
      • ‘Brown's reforms would retain the commission and the role of the Queen, but would remove the prime minister from the process.’
      warrant, licence, sanction, authority
      View synonyms
  • 2A group of people officially charged with a particular function.

    ‘the United Nations High Commission for Refugees’
    • ‘The commission, the inspection body for the health service, has undertaken only 15 such reviews nationally in nearly four years - none previously in Yorkshire.’
    • ‘Minority community representatives should be included in all government-appointed educational bodies and commissions.’
    • ‘The commission has the authority to summon anyone, including state officials without the approval of the president.’
    • ‘Mercosur is run by a Common Market Council and an executive body supported by various commissions.’
    • ‘UN officials highlighted initiatives, including the establishment of a new human rights body and a peace-building commission to help nations emerging from war.’
    • ‘The commission reworked official figures which showed that the level of pensions savings in Britain had been ‘seriously overestimated’.’
    • ‘‘Funding will have to come from various sources, primarily from funding bodies like the lottery commission and so on,’ he said.’
    • ‘The duo propose to set up a commission to examine the authorities thoroughly, and they call for reforms in procurement and in government ethics.’
    • ‘An official commission will investigate the case.’
    • ‘Chairman Tony Hams said the authority had accepted the commission's finding and had already put in place new systems within the planning system to bring it up to scratch.’
    • ‘The White House turned over 12 of the documents to the commission yesterday, officials said.’
    • ‘The commission is an independent body set up in 1999 to consider alleged miscarriages of justice.’
    • ‘A similar exercise has been performed again in the form of official and voluntary facts-finding commissions and other investigative reports.’
    • ‘A British government official told the UN commission for human rights last week that a public inquiry would be held into the murder, but that most witnesses would give evidence in private.’
    • ‘However, according to the BBC report, the review's recommendation for two separate bodies to replace the commission, will not be implemented.’
    • ‘He said he would ensure that the pay commissions and negotiating bodies covering public sector pay would be told to move towards regional pay.’
    • ‘Business interests were incorporated more fully into commissions and advisory bodies.’
    • ‘The commission is the latest body to complain about access to administration documents.’
    • ‘Dr Liz Kernohan, who will represent the district's directors of public health on the commission, welcomed its creation.’
    • ‘The commission praised the authority as well as picking up on a few criticisms, and the council have admitted there is still lots to be done.’
    committee, board, board of commissioners, council, panel, directorate, advisory body, advisorate, convocation, delegation
    View synonyms
  • 3An amount of money, typically a set percentage of the value involved, paid to an agent in a commercial transaction.

    ‘foreign banks may charge a commission’
    • ‘he sold cosmetics on commission’
    • ‘If they sell on, a South African agent will charge a commission of 7 per cent.’
    • ‘There is a commission charge of 1 per cent of value on each ATM transaction.’
    • ‘Customers should not pay more than a 5 per cent charge on all pension contributions on a commission basis.’
    • ‘Estate agents charge commission of about 7 per cent and a nominal legal fee of around €120 is usually charged.’
    • ‘After February 28, banks will charge a 0.25 per cent commission on each transaction.’
    • ‘It allows them trade their shares for a discounted commission fee of 0.5 per cent.’
    • ‘Football agents are paid mighty commissions on huge sums of money, often earned as middle men, because chairmen won't, or don't, talk to each other.’
    • ‘Some owners are now registering their properties with independent agents who charge lower commissions or a flat fee to sell the property.’
    • ‘Besides a hefty 6-figure income, Daniel also worked on commission, getting a percentage of the money from a sale.’
    • ‘He said a standard 6 per cent commission paid to intermediary brokers on every premium would drive up the new insurer's cost base.’
    • ‘At the same time, several securities brokers are offering discounts on commission charged for online trades, which is attractive to those who trade frequently.’
    • ‘The broker earns a commission on this transaction, typically paid by the owner of the list.’
    • ‘The largest publishers would have their own shops, or agents selling books on commission, in other cities as well as their own.’
    • ‘Both buyer and seller pay the auction house a considerable commission for effecting the transaction.’
    • ‘Most agents charge profit-related commissions of up to 7.5 per cent annually but this should lower the annual fees.’
    • ‘If you've ever sold a house, you know that real estate agents can charge a commission between 5 and 6 percent.’
    • ‘The majority of financial advisers are still paid on a commission basis by the life assurance companies to sell insurance, investment and pension products.’
    • ‘In most cases, lenders pay mortgage brokers a commission, which is usually between 0.5 and 1 per cent of the loan amount.’
    • ‘Agents earn commissions based on cruise fares, not including port charges, taxes and other fees.’
    • ‘However, they will be remunerated entirely from the commission paid by financial services companies to advisers in return for placing a customer's business with them.’
    percentage, brokerage, share, portion, dividend, premium, fee, consideration, bonus, gratuity, tip, honorarium
    View synonyms
  • 4A warrant conferring the rank of officer in an army, navy, or air force.

    ‘he has resigned his commission’
    • ‘I resigned my commission and joined the Army National Guard after retiring from a career in finance.’
    • ‘He went from being a lieutenant in the Soviet ‘Red’ Army to earning a commission in the U.S. Air Force, and has never looked back.’
    • ‘In 1969, he applied for Officer Candidate School and earned a commission as an Infantry officer.’
    • ‘He fled France disguised as a woman and was given a commission in the imperial army in 1683.’
    • ‘Following ordination he served in Shepparton and in a team ministry in Maryborough, central Victoria and then accepted a commission as an Army Chaplain in the ARA.’
    • ‘MacSween's first introduction to the world of customer service came in 1987, after he had completed a short commission as a Royal Navy gunnery officer.’
    • ‘He decided to resign his commission in the British army and became the first librarian of the Belfast Society for the Promotion of Knowledge.’
    • ‘When Parrish tried to resign his commission, the Army told him it was too late.’
    • ‘After graduating from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1947, he received his commission in the Army Air Corps.’
    • ‘When the War of Independence breaks out, Harry joins Washington, and George, who is in the British army, resigns his commission rather than run the risk of fighting against his brother.’
    • ‘But their reward was fast-track promotion and a good chance of a commission as an engineer officer.’
    • ‘The 35-year-old claimed the remarks and attitude of her superior officer prevented her from gaining a regular commission in the Army and ended her career in 1999.’
    • ‘Effective immediately, I have tendered the resignation of my commission to the Army of the United States.’
    • ‘He received a Regular Army commission as lieutenant and assistant surgeon at the end of 1886 and over the next several years served in several frontier posts.’
    • ‘When the act passed the next year, she became the first non-Medical Corps woman to receive a commission in the Regular Army.’
    • ‘Graduates not only receive a Bachelor of Science degree but also a commission as a second lieutenant in the U.S. Army.’
    • ‘The court heard Cpl Fox was being fast-tracked for a commission with the Army after joining up at 28.’
    • ‘Warrant Officers will also be encouraged to take a commission and make their way through the ranks.’
    • ‘Did you know that you might be an ideal candidate for becoming an officer through a direct commission?’
    • ‘Approximately 250 qualified candidates will attend the school on their way to earning reserve commissions as second lieutenants.’
  • 5The action of committing a crime or offense.

    ‘use of a deadly weapon in the commission of a felony’
    • ‘The suspension was prompted by what the SCPO saw as a risk of presumed future commission of criminal offences.’
    • ‘The Apex Court accepted the contention of the petitioners that mens rea is necessary for commission of offences under these Sections.’
    • ‘Furthermore, the evidence relates to the actual commission of the offence, rather than to an admission to an already completed offence.’
    • ‘The penalty for these offences of omission is the same as the offences of commission of which the motorist was suspected.’
    • ‘Managing directors Nigel Jackson and John Mather and operations manager Peter Denton each admitted commission of the offence was attributable to their neglect.’
    • ‘The norms are an amplification of the canons of the Code which are to be applied in cases of alleged commission of canonical crimes.’
    • ‘The clear and intentional commission of a crime by one party obviously heightens the difficulty of entering into mediation in good faith.’
    • ‘Generally, with isolated and notable exceptions such as impaired driving, the perceived risk of detection for commission of a crime is low.’
    • ‘Any State was authorized to arrest and bring to justice persons suspected of engaging in piracy, whatever their nationality and the place of commission of the crime.’
    • ‘Your Honours, it is our submission that the object of these proceedings is to punish and to impose punishment for commission of offences.’
    • ‘But does danger to the community mean any more than, another way of saying, risk of commission of further crimes?’
    • ‘Plus, he got five years for using a firearm during commission of a crime.’
    • ‘Your Honour, the scheme of the legislation, as we say, is dealing with commission of indictable offences.’
    • ‘We have in mind in particular cases where there is a long interval between the date of commission of the offence and the date of conviction.’
    • ‘Knowledge of race redistributes probabilities about past and potential commission of crimes.’
    • ‘Considering this cluster of offenders is important when examining the relationship between drug activities and crime commission.’
    • ‘The punishment, as I noted, flows from the actual commission of a specific crime, the requisite elements of which have been proved beyond a reasonable doubt.’
    • ‘Those charges were commission of a crime with a firearm, abduction of a woman and six charges of rape.’
    • ‘The commission of any crime with a gun should be viewed as a more serious crime and the punishment should be adjusted accordingly.’
    • ‘Income from drug distribution was related to both increased frequency of drug-distribution and violent crime, as well as to the overall commission of crime.’
    perpetration, committing, committal, execution, performance
    View synonyms



/kəˈmiSHən/ /kəˈmɪʃən/

transitive verb

(also comm.)
[with object]
  • 1Give an order for or authorize the production of (something such as a building, piece of equipment, or work of art)

    ‘the portrait was commissioned by his widow in 1792’
    • ‘In the USA, a new US $5million production line was commissioned at the New Century Kansas facility.’
    • ‘After a fruitless one-year search, I commissioned the design and production of smile pins.’
    • ‘The sculpture was commissioned by O'Connor, formerly of North Cork and now resident in the UK.’
    • ‘The report is formally made to whoever commissioned the inquiry.’
    • ‘The soap/moisturiser manufacturer recently commissioned a survey that pretty much confirmed what we already know.’
    • ‘She also showed nine portrait miniatures commissioned by Philadelphians.’
    • ‘Mr Ahern has ordered all port authorities to commission a comprehensive audit of port properties and programme of property management.’
    • ‘Her wealth enabled her to acquire works of art in Rome, where she commissioned a portrait bust of herself from Thorvaldsen for delivery in 1817.’
    • ‘His large metal sculptures were commissioned by numerous civic authorities around the country some years ago.’
    • ‘Each decade since the 1930s the BBC has commissioned lifestyle research in order to find out how and when people watch TV.’
    • ‘Also present on the site and giving the tour was Mr Jim Gill who is chairman of the Authority who commissioned the memorial.’
    • ‘New staff were being trained and new equipment commissioned which, it was hoped, would lead to significant reductions in the next year.’
    • ‘The works discussed here are from the catalogue's first volume, which was produced before the artists had created the pieces that were commissioned for the exhibition.’
    • ‘The client is an industrial designer who commissioned the modern classical piece along with his 3,200-square-foot modernist house.’
    • ‘No expense is spared on costumes, which are lavish and made in-house, often to designs commissioned from artists and stars of the fashion world.’
    • ‘Central to the programme is a showcase of three captivating fluid dance pieces specially commissioned for the event, performed by international artists at the forefront of the Contact Improvisation scene.’
    • ‘If you've ever entertained the notion of commissioning your very own piece of music, now there's a guide to help you out.’
    • ‘The sculpture will be commissioned from a major artist and it will be erected next year.’
    • ‘In fact the string quartet was Nasa's idea, the product of an arts programme that, over the past 30 years, has commissioned work from artists including Andy Warhol and Robert Rauschenberg.’
    • ‘The chief executive of Bradford Vision - the group which commissioned Lord Ouseley's report on race relations in the city - has suddenly quit his job after only six months.’
    order, put in an order for, place an order for, contract for, pay for
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Order or authorize (a person or organization) to do or produce something.
      ‘they commissioned an architect to manage the building project’
      • ‘The Heytesbury Village Hall Development Group commissioned Michael Fowler architects to design the hall and nine houses.’
      • ‘Miller commissioned the architect John Kinross to refurbish and extend his home in a manner appropriate to a member of the Edwardian nouveau riche.’
      • ‘The former MP had commissioned William Chambers, George III's architectural tutor, and Capability Brown to rebuild his estate, Milton Abbey.’
      • ‘We only need to deliver the services that people are commissioning us for.’
      • ‘I have been a trucker and bus driver for 40 years and I think the council would have been better commissioning me or others like myself with some driving experience, it would have been cheaper and better.’
      • ‘Hotter has been working on Ned Kelly in various forms since 2002, when he was commissioned by the City Gallery to play the character at the Sidney Noland exhibition for corporate guests.’
      • ‘But Heggessey, who has commissioned him to front a £3 million series on extreme weather this autumn, may now be questioning whether he can live up to his billing.’
      • ‘The top Dublin radio station commissioned magician Keith Barry to wow the crowd of loyal listeners with his freakishly spooky illusionist abilities…’
      • ‘Robbins was an impecunious 27-year-old journalist when he first met Hurst, then aged 80, who commissioned him to pen a screenplay for a biblical blockbuster.’
      • ‘Michael was originally commissioned to research information for a documentary on Braddock, but this was later expanded when interest in a film on the boxer's life began developing.’
      • ‘When Cassels, the German architect, came to Sligo in 1730 to build Hazelwood House for the Wynne's, he was also commissioned to build St. John's.’
      • ‘Yes, I was commissioned by the Government to make 30 documentaries on our freedom struggle starting with the 1857 uprising.’
      • ‘He was commissioned by the Department of Culture, Media and Sport to organise the event, which will create a cultural network of events in each of the 12 bidding cities.’
      • ‘He has also commissioned Andrew Roberts, the flamboyant historian, to draw up a list of events children will be obliged to learn about under a Conservative government.’
      • ‘No one commissioned him to preach; and he belonged to no church.’
      • ‘We met in London and she was commissioned to begin the first-ever modern contemporary state dance company in Turkey, so I moved there.’
      • ‘Recognised for his bush ingenuity, he was soon commissioned to construct mobile camps for mineral exploration companies.’
      • ‘The Scottish Executive clearly trusts him too - it has commissioned him to come up with a major event to promote the Highlands in 2007.’
      • ‘She's commissioned the Bureau of Statistics to do a study of both male and female violence which will report in a couple of years' time.’
      • ‘The new company would be commissioning outsiders to produce games.’
      engage, contract, charge, employ, hire, recruit, retain, appoint, enlist, co-opt, book, sign up
      View synonyms
  • 2Bring (something newly produced, such as a factory or machine) into working condition.

    ‘we had a few hiccups getting the heating equipment commissioned’
    • ‘The other approach, he says, is to determine what systems or equipment should be fully commissioned based on the impact a failure can have on an organization and its reliability needs.’
    • ‘Before the new equipment at Slade Lane is commissioned at Christmas, there will be more weekend closures later in the year to finish it, meaning further disruption.’
    • ‘I accept the submission that a contributing factor to the need for extra training was the delay by the contractor in having all the equipment in place, commissioned and operating on time.’
    • ‘VA Tech Hydro will be responsible for the engineering, manufacture, delivery, installation and commissioning of the electromechanical equipment of the power plant.’
    • ‘Once the turbine has been erected, it will take several days of tests before the machine is formally commissioned and producing electricity.’
    1. 2.1Bring (a warship) into readiness for active service.
      ‘the aircraft carrier Midway was commissioned in 1945’
      • ‘The ships were commissioned between 1993 and 1999.’
      • ‘All four ships were commissioned in October 1995.’
      • ‘The ship, commissioned in 1955, is already undergoing work docked at Suisan Bay near San Francisco.’
      • ‘But the former HMS Echo, a 160-ton inshore survey vessel commissioned in 1958, met her modern namesake in the English Channel.’
      • ‘Laid down on 8 February 1943, the ship was launched and commissioned in just 165 days.’
      • ‘Five Batch 1 vessels were commissioned between 1989 and 1993.’
      • ‘During World War II she was mobilised with HMS Implacable and both ships were commissioned as HMS Foudroyant for training new entry ratings.’
      • ‘Rushcutter was built at the Carrington Slipways in Newcastle and commissioned on November 1, 1986.’
      • ‘The ship's decommissioning ceremony was held in Great Yarmouth on the same jetty where the ship was commissioned, and representatives of the ship's affiliations were hosted at a reception.’
      • ‘The flagship of the Italian Navy is the aircraft carrier MM Garibaldi, built by Fincantieri of Genoa and commissioned in 1985.’
      • ‘The new warship was commissioned on 5th June 2090, and unveiled to everyone abroad Hopson Yard.’
      • ‘The Constitution, which went into service in 1797, is the oldest fully commissioned warship in the world.’
      • ‘The first launch was laid down in September, 1942, and the final and 35th boat, commissioned during April, 1944.’
      • ‘Commissioning Ladies farewelled and welcomed patrol boats being decommissioned and commissioned within 24 hours in Darwin on June 23 and 24.’
      • ‘Six months later, his training completed, he was assigned to the newly commissioned Alabama, one of four battleships of the swift South Dakota class.’
      • ‘In 1963 she was commissioned into the navy as a sail training ship and her first voyage took place on June 19th of the same year.’
      • ‘She was commissioned into the fleet on February 12, 2000.’
      • ‘The two vessels will be commissioned into the Navy to fly the White Ensign, and will bear the names HMS Scimitar and Sabre.’
      • ‘She was commissioned into the RAN on July 11 1946 and renamed HMAS Tarakan on December 16 1948.’
      • ‘Glasgow was built at the Swan Hunter yard at Wallsend-on-Tyne and commissioned into the Royal Navy in May 1979, the fifth of 14 Type 42 air defence destroyers.’
  • 3Appoint (someone) to the rank of officer in the armed services.

    ‘he was commissioned after attending midshipman school’
    • ‘He was commissioned into the US army just in time to see action in the final battles of the Mexican war.’
    • ‘Brooke's poems were published in 1911, and after a year wandering in the North America and the South Seas, he was commissioned into the Royal Navy.’
    • ‘In 1968, he was commissioned as an Infantry officer through ROTC after graduation from the University of Florida.’
    • ‘Born in Yilong, Sichuan Province, he was commissioned into the imperial army and attended the Yunnan military academy.’
    • ‘After qualifying in dentistry, he was commissioned into the Army Dental Corps, with service in the Middle East.’
    • ‘He was commissioned into the Infantry from the U.S. Military Academy in 1978.’
    • ‘In 1847, Congress gave army medical officers commissioned rank; for the first time, they began to use military titles.’
    • ‘He was commissioned as an armor officer in 1991 from Niagara University.’
    • ‘He was commissioned in the U.S. Army in 1970 after completing Reserve Officer Training.’
    • ‘Anderson later served as a warrant officer and commissioned officer in the Army Reserve.’
    • ‘Group Captain Smith was commissioned into the Air Force on April 20, 1970, after working as an accountant.’
    • ‘He was commissioned in the Navy the following year.’
    • ‘He was commissioned in the British Army in 1911 and during World War I commanded in frontline action at every echelon from platoon to brigade.’
    • ‘I joined as a private soldier in 1941 and I was commissioned as an officer in 1945.’
    • ‘The four will be commissioned as Army major generals for an approximate two-year term while serving intermittently in this role.’
    • ‘The 27-year-old officer joined the Navy in 1991 as a junior rate, and was commissioned as an officer in 1998.’
    • ‘After training, he was commissioned a lieutenant colonel in the new army having made the cut for promotion from his former rank in the old army.’
    • ‘He was commissioned as a pilot officer on October 1 in 1939.’
    • ‘He is a graduate of the U. S. Military Academy and was commissioned into the Aviation branch.’
    • ‘Young people who have been commissioned reserve officers know that with very rare exceptions, they will not be called up for active military service.’



/kəˈmiSHən/ /kəˈmɪʃən/


    in commission
    • (of a ship, vehicle, machine, etc.) in use or in service.

      ‘a reduced number of ships were retained in commission’
      • ‘While the Royal Yacht Britannia was in commission, Patricia was the only ship allowed to sail ahead of her when the Queen was on board, a right which would be exercised annually by escorting the Royal Yacht out of Portsmouth.’
      • ‘Well, we know which one that is, since the Republic has only one of those experimental ships in commission right now.’
      • ‘During those decades, the reserve provided core crews for ships not in commission and personnel to augment crews of both active U.S. Navy ships and the navy shore establishment upon mobilization for war.’
      • ‘During almost ten years in commission, the ship has steamed nearly 110,000 miles and visited 81 ports in 14 countries.’
      • ‘He could opt to keep the submarines in commission beyond 2025.’
      • ‘My computer is now back in commission, and that makes me happy.’
      • ‘Manned by a crew of eight including the Captain, the vessel is one of the largest of its kind in commission at the present time.’
      • ‘Out of the total of 451 surface warships and submarines in commission during the war, 332 had been sunk by the time Japan surrendered and only 37, or 8.2%, remained operational.’
      • ‘Less than a year in commission and we're already breaking in a new one.’
      • ‘The squadron disbanded on October 10, 1945-but reformed on April 17, 1952, and has been in commission ever since.’
    out of commission
    • 1Not in service; not in working order.

      ‘my car is out of commission until a new clutch arrives’
      • ‘How long do you think your car will be out of commission?’
      • ‘But an engine defect put the car out of commission at 14, 500 kilometers.’
      • ‘Since my car was out of commission, I decided to take a walk, after all the ‘Old Barns’ wasn't very far from my house.’
      • ‘He asked hesitantly, knowing that my car was out of commission at the moment.’
      • ‘Repairs to Orkney's largest fishing vessel, Orcades Viking III, look likely to cost more than one million pounds with the boat being out of commission until May at the earliest.’
      • ‘The pool was out of commission until the end of May while repairs were carried out.’
      • ‘The old steam frigate was taken out of commission in March after 34 years' service.’
      • ‘All of them looked up at the car and Officer Swan came back their way, ‘Well with your car out of commission I thought I'd get you a ride… and this is all they had left.’’
      • ‘There were no injuries, but the helicopter was put out of commission until replacement parts arrived.’
      • ‘And until they were totally destroyed, and the lab out of commission, the cartel would continue to bring in the shipments in this manner.’
      1. 1.1(of a person) unable to work or function normally, especially through illness or injury.
        ‘I'm employing her; I have to know how long she's likely to be out of commission’
        • ‘I do not understand what I thought I was missing; it's not as if I had been rowing for years when my injury put me so out of commission.’
        • ‘No federal law governs health-club contracts, but you should be able to cancel if you move more than 25 miles from the club or an injury puts you out of commission.’
        • ‘A major injury puts you out of commission for a minimum of four weeks.’
        • ‘He began competing at the national level, but was put out of commission for a while by a knee injury.’
        • ‘In the future, an athlete who puts her knee out of commission by tearing the anterior cruciate ligament will be able to obtain a bio-engineered replacement that will be as good, or even better, than the original tissue.’
        • ‘And so, it puts them out of commission for that period of time.’
        • ‘‘I had broken my wrist playing soccer and that pretty much put me out of commission,’ explains Bromley.’
        • ‘Mike Frank will only be out short term, but with Dara and John out of commission for the time being, the opportunity is there for others to make their mark.’
        • ‘After Jimmy and Mr. Devlin are nearly killed in a car bomb, Devlin is knocked out of commission, leaving Jimmy some big shoes to fill!’
        • ‘Her replacement, Joel Ruimy, was sailing along, keeping Arnold at bay until a heart attack took him out of commission several weeks ago.’


Middle English via Old French from Latin commissio(n-), from committere ‘entrust’ (see commit).